U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE
COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
 
 QUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE
ACT OF 1934
 
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED NOVEMBER 30, 2018
 
Commission File Number 333-153168
 
 
Laredo Oil, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
110 N. Rubey Dr., Suite 120
Golden, Colorado 80403

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)
 
(720) 295-1214

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
Check whether the issuer (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the past 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the last 90 days. Yes   No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "non-accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
 
 
Emerging growth company 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 or the Exchange Act). Yes No
 
State the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common equity, as of the latest practicable date:
 
54,514,765 shares of common stock issued and outstanding as of January 14, 2019.
 
1
 
 
 
PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements
3
 
Balance Sheets as of November 30, 2018 (unaudited) and May 31, 2018
4
 
Statements of Operations (unaudited)
5
 
Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)
6
 
Notes to Financial Statements (unaudited)
7
 
 
 
Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
11
 
 
 
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
12
 
 
 
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
12
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PART II OTHER INFORMATION 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 6.
Exhibits
14
 
 
 
 
 
 
Signatures
 
15
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
The following unaudited condensed financial statements have been prepared by Laredo Oil, Inc. (the “Company"), pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such SEC rules and regulations; nevertheless, the Company believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. However, except as disclosed herein, there have been no material changes in the information disclosed in the notes to the financial statements for the year ended May 31, 2018. These condensed financial statements and the notes attached hereto should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes included in the Company's Form 10-K, which was filed with the SEC on August 29, 2018. In the opinion of management of the Company, all adjustments, including normal recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the financial position of Laredo Oil, Inc. as of November 30, 2018, and the results of its operations for the three and six-month periods then ended and cash flows for the six-month periods then ended, have been included. The results of operations for the three and six-month periods ended November 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full year ending May 31, 2019.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
 
 
 
Laredo Oil, Inc. 
 
 
Balance Sheets 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
November 30, 
 
 
May 31, 
 
 
 
2018 (unaudited)
 
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 $435,418 
 $106,311 
Receivable – related party
  19,778 
  120,124 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
  13,551 
  39,981 
Total Current Assets
  468,747 
  266,416 
 
    
    
TOTAL ASSETS
 $468,747 
 $266,416 
 
    
    
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
    
    
Current Liabilities
    
    
Accounts payable
 $33,356 
 $9,360 
Accrued payroll liabilities
  1,301,283 
  1,207,417 
Accrued liabilities – related party
  58,766 
  32,914 
Accrued interest
  206,479 
  190,272 
Deferred management fee revenue
  45,833 
  45,833 
Notes payable
  - 
  350,000 
Total Current Liabilities
  1,645,717 
  1,835,796 
 
    
    
Long-term notes payable
  350,000 
  - 
 
    
    
TOTAL LIABILITIES
  1,995,717 
  1,835,796 
 
    
    
Commitments and Contingencies
  - 
  - 
 
    
    
Stockholders’ Deficit
    
    
Preferred stock: $0.0001 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding
  - 
  - 
Common stock: $0.0001 par value; 90,000,000 shares authorized; 54,514,765 issued and outstanding
  5,451 
  5,451 
Additional paid in capital
  8,844,592 
  8,830,531 
Accumulated deficit
  (10,377,013)
  (10,405,362)
 
    
    
Total Stockholders’ Deficit
  (1,526,970)
  (1,569,380)
 
    
    
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
 $468,747 
 $266,416 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4
 
 
Laredo Oil, Inc.
Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 
 
Six Months Ended 
 
 
Six Months Ended 
 
 
 
November 30, 2018 
 
 
November 30, 2017 
 
 
November 30, 2018 
 
 
November 30, 2017 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Management fee revenue – related party
 $2,076,928 
 $2,165,923 
 $4,138,225 
 $4,631,204 
 
    
    
    
    
Direct costs
  1,956,444 
  2,159,429 
  3,919,114 
  4,381,995 
 
    
    
    
    
Gross profit
  120,484 
  6,494 
  219,111 
  249,209 
 
    
    
    
    
 
    
    
    
    
General, selling and administrative expenses
  13,845 
  87,402 
  42,805 
  175,226 
Consulting and professional services
  43,460 
  70,184 
  130,964 
  106,684 
Total Operating Expense
  57,305 
  157,586 
  173,769 
  281,910 
 
    
    
    
    
Operating income/(loss)
  63,179 
  (151,092)
  45,342 
  (32,701)
 
    
    
    
    
Other income/(expense)
    
    
    
    
Interest expense
  (8,072)
  (7,743)
  (16,993)
  (15,678)
 
    
    
    
    
Net income/(loss)
 $55,107 
 $(158,835)
 $28,349 
 $(48,379)
 
    
    
    
    
 
    
    
    
    
Net income/(loss) per share, basic and diluted
 $0.00 
 $(0.00)
 $0.00 
 $(0.00)
 
    
    
    
    
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding
  54,514,765 
  54,514,765 
  54,514,765 
  54,514,765 
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5
 
 
Laredo Oil, Inc.
Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended 
 
 
Six Months Ended 
 
 
 
November 30, 2018 
 
 
November 30, 2017 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income/(loss)
 $28,349 
 $(48,379)
Adjustments to Reconcile Net Income/(Loss) to Net Cash provided by /(used in) Operating Activities
    
    
Share based compensation
  14,061 
  145,715 
Decrease/(increase) in receivable—related party
  100,346 
  - 
Decrease/(increase) in prepaid expenses and other current assets
  26,430 
  (6,793)
(Decrease)/increase in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
  159,921 
  (391,402)
NET CASH USED IN OPERATING ACTIVITIES
  329,107 
  (300,859)
 
    
    
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
  - 
  - 
 
    
    
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
  - 
  - 
 
    
    
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
  329,107 
  (300,859)
 
    
    
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD
  106,311 
  330,684 
 
    
    
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD
 $435,418 
 $29,825 
 
    
    
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6
 
 
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
 
NOTE 1 - ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS
 
On June 14, 2011, the Company entered into agreements with Stranded Oil Resources Corporation (“SORC”) to seek recovery of stranded crude oil from mature, declining oil fields by using the enhanced oil recovery (“EOR”) method known as Underground Gravity Drainage (“UGD”). Such agreements include license agreements, management services agreements, and other agreements (collectively the “Agreements”). SORC is a subsidiary of Alleghany Capital Corporation (“Alleghany Capital”) which is a subsidiary of Alleghany Corporation (“Alleghany”).
 
The Agreements stipulate that the Company and Mark See, the Company’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”), will provide to SORC, management services and expertise through exclusive, perpetual license agreements and a management services agreement (the “Management Service Agreement”) with SORC. As consideration for the licenses to SORC, the Company will receive an interest in SORC’s net profits as defined in the Agreements (the “Royalty”). The Management Service Agreement (“MSA”) outlines that the Company will provide the services of various employees (“Service Employees”), including Mark See, in exchange for monthly and quarterly management service fees. The monthly management service fees provide funding for the salaries, benefit costs, and FICA taxes for the Service Employees identified in the MSA. SORC remits payment for the monthly management fees in advance and is payable on the first day of each calendar month. The quarterly management fee is $137,500 and is paid on the first day of each calendar quarter, and, as such, $45,833 has been recorded as deferred management fee revenue at November 30, 2018. In addition, SORC will reimburse the Company for monthly expenses incurred by the Service Employees in connection with their rendition of services under the MSA. The Company may submit written requests to SORC for additional funding for payment of the Company’s operating costs and expenses, which SORC, in its sole and absolute discretion, will determine whether or not to fund. As of the filing date, no such additional funding requests have been made.
 
As consideration for the licenses to SORC, the Company will receive a 19.49% interest in SORC net profits as defined in the SORC License Agreement (the “SORC License Agreement”). Under the SORC License Agreement, the Company agreed that a portion of the Royalty equal to at least 2.25% of the net profits (“Incentive Royalty”) be used to fund a long-term incentive plan for the benefit of its employees, as determined by the Company’s board of directors. On October 11, 2012, the Laredo Royalty Incentive Plan (the “Plan”) was approved and adopted by the Board and the Incentive Royalty was assigned by the Company to Laredo Royalty Incentive Plan, LLC, a special purpose Delaware limited liability company and wholly owned subsidiary of Laredo Oil, Inc. formed to carry out the purposes of the Plan (the “Plan Entity”). Through November 30, 2018 the subsidiary has received no distributions from SORC. As a result of the assignment of the Incentive Royalty to the Plan Entity, the Royalty retained by the Company has been reduced from 19.49% to 17.24% subject to reduction to 15% under certain events stipulated in the SORC License Agreement. Additionally, in the event of a SORC initial public offering or certain other defined corporate events, the Company will receive 17.24%, subject to reduction to 15% under the SORC License Agreement, of the SORC common equity or proceeds emanating from the event in exchange for termination of the Royalty. Under certain circumstances regarding termination of exclusivity and license terminations, the Royalty could be reduced to 7.25%. If any Incentive Royalty is funded as a result of those conditions being met, the Company may record compensation expense for the fair value of the Incentive Royalty, once all pertinent factors are known and considered probable.
 
Prior to the Company receiving any Royalty cash distributions from SORC, all SORC preferred share accrued dividends must be paid (in excess of $160 million as of September 30, 2018), preferred shares redeemed ($293.8 million as of September 30, 2018), and debt retired to comply with any loan agreements. Additionally, when SORC acquires additional oil fields, any Alleghany Capital funds invested in SORC to finance their acquisition and development must be repaid prior to the distribution of any Royalty cash distributions to Laredo.
 
 
Basic and Diluted Loss per Share
 
The Company’s basic earnings per share (“EPS”) amounts have been computed based on the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the period. For the three and six-month periods ended November 30, 2018, all options and warrants potentially convertible into common equivalent shares are considered antidilutive due to the exercise prices of the instruments and have been excluded in the calculation of diluted earnings per share. As the Company realized a net loss for the three and six-month periods ended November 30, 2017, no potentially dilutive securities were included in the calculation of diluted loss per share as their impact would have been anti-dilutive. Diluted net income (loss) per share is computed by dividing the net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of common and dilutive common equivalent shares outstanding during the period.
 
 
NOTE 2 - GOING CONCERN
 
These financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis. The Company has routinely incurred losses since inception and is dependent upon one customer for its revenue. The Company entered into the Agreements with SORC to fund operations and to provide working capital. However, there is no assurance that in the future such financing will be available to meet the Company’s needs.
 
 
 
7
 
 
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
 
NOTE 2 - GOING CONCERN - continued
 
Management has undertaken steps as part of a plan to improve operations with the goal of sustaining our operations for the next twelve months and beyond. These steps include (a) providing services and expertise under the Agreements to expand operations; and (b) controlling overhead and expenses. In that regard, the Company has worked to attract and retain key personnel with significant experience in the industry to enhance the quality and breadth of the services it provides. At the same time, to control costs, the Company has required a number of its personnel to multi-task and cover a wider range of responsibilities in an effort to restrict the growth of the Company’s headcount at a time of expanding demand for its services under the MSA. Further, the Company works closely with SORC to obtain its approval in advance of committing to material costs and expenditures in order to keep the Company’s expenses in line with the management fee revenue. There can be no assurance that the Company can successfully accomplish these steps and it is uncertain that the Company will achieve a profitable level of operations and obtain additional financing. There can be no assurance that any additional financing will be available to the Company on satisfactory terms and conditions, if at all.
 
The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments to reflect the possible future effects on the recoverability and classification of assets or the amounts and classifications of liabilities that may result from the possible inability of the Company to continue as a going concern.
 
 
NOTE 3 - RECENT AND ADOPTED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
 
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (Topic 606) which amended the existing accounting standards for revenue recognition. ASU 2014-09 establishes principles for recognizing revenue upon the transfer of promised goods or services to customers, in an amount that reflects the expected consideration received in exchange for those goods or services. The amendments may be applied retrospectively to each prior period (full retrospective) or retrospectively with the cumulative effect recognized as of the date of initial application (modified retrospective). The Company has adopted ASU 2014-09 beginning June 1, 2018 using the full retrospective implementation. The adoption of this guidance has no material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
 
As a result of this adoption, the following revenue recognition policies have been adopted for each revenue stream.
 
Monthly Management Fee
 
We generate monthly management revenues from fees for labor and benefit costs. We recognize revenue for these services in the month the labor and benefits are received by the customer.
 
Quarterly Management Fee
 
We generate management fee revenue each quarter. We recognize revenue over the applicable quarter on a straight-line basis. The management fee is billed quarterly in advance. As a result, we record deferred revenue for services that have not been provided.
 
In addition to the above, the Company has reviewed recently issued accounting standards and plans to adopt those that are applicable to it. It does not expect the adoption of those standards to have a material impact on its financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
 
 
NOTE 4 - FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
 
The Company's financial instruments as defined by Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 825-10-50, Financial Instruments, include cash and cash equivalents, accounts payable, accrued liabilities and notes payable. All instruments are accounted for on a historical cost basis, which, due to the short maturity of these financial instruments, approximates fair value at November 30, 2018.
 
Based on the borrowing rates currently available to the Company for loans with similar terms and maturities, the fair value of long-term notes payable approximates the carrying value.
 
 
 
 
 
 
8
 
 
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
NOTE 5 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
 
Transactions between related parties are considered to be related party transactions even though they may not be given accounting recognition. FASB ASC 850, Related Party Disclosures (“FASB ASC 850”) requires that transactions with related parties that would make a difference in decision making shall be disclosed so that users of the financial statements can evaluate their significance. Related party transactions typically occur within the context of the following relationships:
 
· Affiliates of the entity;
 
· Entities for which investments in their equity securities is typically accounted for under the equity method by the investing entity;
 
· Trusts for the benefit of employees;
 
· Principal owners of the entity and members of their immediate families;
 
· Management of the entity and members of their immediate families.
 
Other parties that can significantly influence the management or operating policies of the transacting parties and can significantly influence the other to an extent that one or more of the transacting parties might be prevented from fully pursuing its own separate interests.
 
SORC and Alleghany Capital are considered related parties under FASB ASC 850. All management fee revenue reported by the Company for the three and six months ended November 30, 2018 and 2017 is generated from charges to SORC. All outstanding notes payable at November 30, 2018 and 2017 are held by Alleghany Capital. See Note 7.
 
 
NOTE 6 - STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT
 
Share Based Compensation
 
The Black-Scholes option pricing model is used to estimate the fair value of options granted under our stock incentive plan.
 
The Company recognized shared based compensation expense related to stock option awards totaling $14,061 and $145,715 and recorded in general, selling and administrative expenses for the six months ended November 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
 
Stock Options
 
No option grants were made during the first two quarters of fiscal years 2019 and 2018.
 
Restricted Stock
 
No restricted stock was granted during the first two quarters of fiscal years 2019 and 2018.
 
Warrants
 
No warrants were issued during the first half of fiscal year 2019 or 2018. As of November 30, 2018, there were 5,374,501 warrants remaining to be exercised at a price of $0.70 per share to Sunrise Securities Corporation to satisfy the finders’ fee obligation associated with the Alleghany transaction. The warrants will expire June 14, 2021 and are currently exercisable.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9
 
 
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
 
NOTE 7 - NOTES PAYABLE
 
During the fiscal year ended May 31, 2011, the Company entered into two Loan Agreements with Alleghany Capital for a combined available borrowing limit of $350,000. The notes accrue interest on the outstanding principal of $350,000 at the rate of 6% per annum. As of November 30, 2018, accrued interest totaling $206,479 is recorded. The interest is payable in either cash or in kind. The notes have been amended and restated and now have a maturity date of December 31, 2019 and are classified as long-term notes payable. The loan agreements require any stock issuances for cash be utilized to pay down the outstanding loan balance unless written consent is obtained from Alleghany Capital.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10
 
 
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
This report contains forward-looking statements that involve risk and uncertainties. We use words such as "anticipate", "believe", "plan", "expect", "future", "intend", and similar expressions to identify such forward-looking statements. Investors should be aware that all forward-looking statements contained within this filing are good faith estimates of management as of the date of this filing. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements.
 
The Company is a management services company managing the acquisition and conventional operation of mature oil fields and the further recovery of stranded oil from those fields using enhanced oil recovery methods for its sole customer, SORC, an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of Alleghany. See “Item 1. Business” in the Form 10-K for the year ended May 31, 2018 for a discussion of our business and our transactions with SORC. The sole source of revenue for the Company comes from the management fees described in the MSA and from a Royalty based upon the success of SORC. As of November 30, 2018, no royalties have been accrued or paid.
 
From SORC’s formation in 2011 through September 30, 2018, Alleghany Capital has invested $293.8 million into SORC. This investment has been channeled primarily into three major projects discussed in the following paragraphs.
 
The first project was located in Kansas. SORC funds have been used to acquire oil and gas leases and to purchase mineral rights totaling approximately 2,500 acres and used to construct and develop an Underground Gravity Drainage (“UGD”) facility. SORC completed construction of its underground facility in 2014 and commenced its drilling program in 2015. After a thorough evaluation of the project, SORC sold substantially all of the project assets to third parties as of December 29, 2017 and no longer has oil and gas properties in Kansas.
 
The second project is located in Louisiana. SORC has acquired oil and gas leases on approximately 9,244 acres in a targeted oil reservoir. The oil field there is operational and currently producing crude oil using conventional production methods. The Company believes that mineral rights underlying sufficient acreage are already in place to develop another UGD project there. The Company, on behalf of SORC, is currently operating those leases acquired using conventional recovery methods. In addition, the Company is evaluating a modified UGD site within the field.
 
The third project is located in Wyoming. On January 30, 2015, SORC, through one of its subsidiaries, purchased the Department of Energy's Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 3 (NPR-3), the Teapot Dome Oilfield, for $45.2 million. The purchase culminated a competitive bidding process that closed on October 16, 2014. Under the terms of the sale, operation and ownership of all of NPR-3’s mineral rights and approximately 9,000 acres of land immediately transferred to SORC. The remaining surface acreage transferred in June 2015, bringing the total acres purchased to 9,318. The oil field there is operational and currently producing crude oil using conventional production methods. The Company is also implementing and evaluating a modified UGD site within the field.
 
Using the knowledge gained from the Kansas project, the Company continues to assist SORC in its search for additional oil fields possessing characteristics conducive to employment of the UGD enhanced recovery method and which are producing oil using conventional production methods.
 
When SORC acquires mineral rights, it generally will continue to operate any producing properties associated with those rights and expects to generate revenue and profit from doing so. Some mineral rights acquired thus far include leases which have producing wells on them. Once development of the underground chamber and the UGD method is prepared for operation, selected conventional wells are expected to be plugged and abandoned after UGD production has begun. The effect of such operational procedures should result in minimal disruption of oil production from the SORC field investments.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
In accordance with the SORC license and management services agreements, the Company believes that it will receive from SORC sufficient working capital necessary to meet its obligations under the Agreements. The Company provides the know-how, expertise, and management required to identify, evaluate, acquire, test and develop targeted properties, and SORC will provide all required funding and will own the acquired assets. It is expected that SORC will be funded primarily by Alleghany Capital in exchange for issuance by SORC to Alleghany Capital of 12% Cumulative Preferred Stock. In April 2014, one of the SORC subsidiaries obtained a $250 million non-recourse secured bank credit facility to provide it with a lower cost source of funding as compared to the cost of funds received from Alleghany Capital. As of November 30, 2018, SORC had no borrowings under the facility which is limited to the value of properties included in the borrowing base as determined by the lending institution. As of September 30, 2018, SORC had received $293.8 million in net funding from Alleghany Capital. Prior to the Company receiving any Royalty cash distributions from SORC, all SORC preferred share accrued dividends (in excess of $160 million as of September 30, 2018) must be paid, preferred shares redeemed ($293.8 million as of September 30, 2018), and debt retired to comply with any loan agreements. Additionally, when SORC acquires additional oil fields, any Alleghany Capital funds invested into SORC to finance their acquisition and development must be repaid prior to the distribution of any Royalty cash distributions to Laredo. With such uncertainty, Royalty cash distributions are not foreseen in the near future, and the main source of income for the Company will continue to be the management fee revenue under the Management Services Agreement.
 
Our cash and cash equivalents at November 30, 2018 was $435,418. Total debt outstanding as of the filing date of this report is $350,000 owed to Alleghany Capital, which is classified as long-term.
 
 
11
 
 
Results of Operations
 
Pursuant to the MSA with SORC, the Company received and recorded management fee revenue and direct costs totaling $2,076,928 and $1,956,444 for the quarter ended November 30, 2018 and $2,165,923 and $2,159,429 for the same quarter ended November 30, 2017. Similarly, the Company received and recorded management fee revenue and direct costs totaling $4,138,225 and $3,919,114 for the six months ended November 30, 2018 and $4,631,204 and $4,381,995 for the six months ended November 30, 2017. The decrease in revenues and direct costs is primarily attributable to a decrease in employees in the three and six months ended November 30, 2018 as compared to the same three and six months of the prior fiscal year.
 
During the quarters ended November 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, we incurred operating expenses of $57,305 and $157,586. The Company incurred operating expenses of $173,769 and $281,910 during the six months ended November 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. These expenses consisted of general operating expenses incurred in connection with the day to day operation of our business, the preparation and filing of our required reports and stock option compensation expense. The decrease in expenses for the three and six months ended November 30, 2018 as compared to the same periods in 2017 is primarily attributable to the decreased share based compensation expense, professional fees and rent expense.
 
Due to the nature of the Agreements, the Company is relatively unaffected by the impact of inflation. Usually, when general price inflation occurs, the price of crude oil increases as well, which may have a positive effect on sales. However, as the price of oil increases, it also most likely will result in making targeted oil fields more expensive.
 
 
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES
 
The process of preparing financial statements requires that we make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of liabilities and stockholders’ equity/(deficit) at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Our estimates and assumptions are based on current facts, historical experience and various other factors we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. As of November 30, 2018 and 2017, there are no significant estimates with regard to the financial statements included with this report.
 
As of June 1, 2018, we adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” as modified (ASC 606), using the full retrospective method. The adoption of this guidance has no material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows. (See Note 3)
 
 
OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS
 
We do not currently have any off-balance sheet arrangements or other such unrecorded obligations, and we have not guaranteed the debt of any other party.
 
 
ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
Our exposure to market risk is confined to our cash equivalents. We invest in high-quality financial instruments and we believe we are subject to limited credit risk. Due to the short-term nature of our cash, we do not believe that we have any material exposure to interest rate risk arising from our investments.
 
 
ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”), is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) rules and forms. Our disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. There are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of disclosure controls and procedures, including the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of the controls and procedures. Accordingly, even effective disclosure controls and procedures can only provide reasonable assurance of achieving their control objectives, and management necessarily is required to use its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.
 
 
 
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An evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e) and Rule 15d-15(e). Based on that evaluation, the CEO and CFO have concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this report, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are not effective in insuring that information required to be disclosed in our Exchange Act reports is (1) recorded, processed, summarized and reported in a timely manner, and (2) accumulated and communicated to our management, including our CEO and CFO, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
 
Our size has prevented us from being able to employ sufficient resources to enable us to have an adequate level of supervision and segregation of duties. Therefore, it is difficult to effectively segregate accounting duties which comprises a material weakness in internal controls. This lack of segregation of duties leads management to conclude that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are not effective to give reasonable assurance that the information required to be disclosed in reports that the Company files under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported as and when required.
 
 
(b) Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
None.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION
 
None.
 
 
ITEM 6. EXHIBITS
 
The exhibits required to be filed herewith by Item 601 of Regulation S-K, as described in the following index of exhibits, are attached hereto unless otherwise indicated as being incorporated herein by reference, as follows:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
101.INS
XBRL Instance Document
 
 
101.SCH
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
 
 
101.CAL
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase
 
 
101.DEF
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase
 
 
101.LAB
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase
 
 
101.PRE
XBRL Extension Presentation Linkbase
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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SIGNATURES
 
In accordance with the requirements of the Exchange Act, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
LAREDO OIL, INC.

(Registrant)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Date: January 14, 2019
By:
/s/ Mark See
 
 
 
Mark See
 
 
 
Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Date: January 14, 2019
By:
/s/ Bradley E. Sparks
 
 
 
Bradley E. Sparks
 
 
 
Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer and Director
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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