UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2015

 

or

 

o TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                to                 

 

Commission file number: 333-178437

 

West Texas Resources, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada       99-0365272
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
      (I.R.S. Employer Identification
Number)

 

5729 Lebanon Road, Suite 144

Frisco, Texas 75034

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(214) 868-3939

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

None

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  o  No  x

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes o No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the past 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  x  No  o

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers in response to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act):

Large accelerated filer o   Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o   Smaller reporting company x
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)

Yes  o  No  x

State the aggregate market value of voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter: $2,949,200.

The number of shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding as of December 28, 2015 was 14,515,400.

 

 

 
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

        Page
PART I
Item 1.   Business   1
Item 1A.   Risk Factors   9
Item 1B.   Unresolved Staff Comments   13
Item 2.   Properties   14
Item 3.   Legal Proceedings   15
Item 4.   Mine Safety Disclosures   15
         

PART II

 

Item 5.   Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Repurchases of Equity Securities   16
Item 6.   Selected Financial Data   17
Item 7.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations   18
Item 7A.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk   19
Item 8.   Financial Statements and Supplementary Data   20
Item 9.   Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure   20
Item 9A.   Controls and Procedures   20
Item 9B.   Other Information   20
         

PART III

 

Item 10.   Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance   21
Item 11.   Executive Compensation   22
Item 12.   Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters   24
Item 13.   Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence   25
Item 14.   Principal Accountant Fees and Services   25
         
   

PART IV

 

   
Item 15.   Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules   26
         
Signatures       28

 

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CAUTIONARY NOTICE

 

This annual report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Those forward-looking statements include our expectations, beliefs, intentions and strategies regarding the future. Such forward-looking statements relate to, among other things, our market, strategy, competition, development plans, financing, revenues, operations and compliance with applicable laws. These and other factors that may affect our financial results are discussed more fully in “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in this report. Market data used throughout this report is based on published third party reports or the good faith estimates of management, which estimates are presumably based upon their review of internal surveys, independent industry publications and other publicly available information. Although we believe that such sources are reliable, we do not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of this information, and we have not independently verified such information. We caution readers not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. We do not undertake, and specifically disclaim any obligation, to update or revise such statements to reflect new circumstances or unanticipated events as they occur, and we urge readers to review and consider disclosures we make in this and other reports that discuss factors germane to our business. See in particular our reports on Forms 10-K, 10-Q, and 8-K subsequently filed from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

PART I

 

Item 1.       Business

 

Overview

 

West Texas Resources, Inc. (the “company” or “we”) was incorporated under the laws of Nevada on December 9, 2010. We are engaged in the business of oil and gas exploration and development in North America. From inception to date, our activities have focused on the raising of capital and the investigation and acquisition of our initial oil and gas properties. We commenced revenue producing oil and gas operations effective as of April 1, 2013.

 

Our Strategy

 

Our objective is to become an independent energy company engaged in the acquisition, development and exploitation of oil and gas properties in North America in partnership with oil and gas producers. We will pursue strategic acquisitions of interests in oil and gas properties, including prospects with proven and unproven reserves, which we believe to have development potential. We intend to target both new and existing fields and producing wells to be revitalized.

 

At the present time, we have one employee, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, John Kerr, who has limited experience in the oil and gas exploration and development business. Subject to our receipt of significant additional capital, we intend to hire senior management and staff with experience in oil and gas exploration and development. Until such time, we intend to pursue an operating strategy that is based on our participation in exploration prospects as a non-operator. Based on that strategy, we intend to pursue the acquisition of oil and natural gas interests in partnership with other companies with exploration, development and production expertise. We will also pursue alliances with partners in the areas of geological and geophysical services and prospect generation, evaluation and prospect leasing. Pursuant to this strategy, we intend to engage and rely on third party geologists and geophysicists, among others, to review the available data concerning each potential acquisition on our behalf. In each case, we expect that the operator of the prospect will assemble the appropriate data and conduct the appropriate studies and that our consultants will conduct an independent review of the operator’s data and studies for purposes of advising us of the merits of each potential acquisition.

 

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Oil and Gas Interests

 

Wolfcamp Field

 

In June and July 2014, we acquired non-operating leases covering approximately 1,070 gross mineral acre leases in the Wolfcamp field located in Hale County, Texas. The leases have a primary term of five years with our option to extend the term for another five years. The leased properties constitute the surface acreage comprising a natural gas prospect, for which we hold 50% of the working interest and 40% net revenue interest. The leased properties are subject to a 20% royalty interest held by the owners and a third party. We are currently evaluating our options for the exploitation of the leased properties, including our sale of the leases or our farm-out of the leases to a natural gas operator.

 

Sunshine Prospect

 

We hold a 15% (14.25% net revenue interest) in a non-operating oil and gas prospect located in Landry Parish, Louisiana. The working interest concerns 248 gross acres and net acres in the Sunshine Prospect. The operator intends to drill an initial well in the prospect in 2016.

 

Stansell Field

 

We hold a 1% working interest in an oil prospect located in Floyd County, Texas. The working interest comprises 15,000 leased acres in the southern section of the Palo Duro basin. The initial project will be the re-entry of the Stansell #1-A well, an existing well bore that was drilled in 2006. The original drilling encountered oil shows in three separate reservoirs and the operator intends to re-enter and recomplete the Stansell #1-A using current fracture stimulation technology. We have a carried 1% working interest in the Stansell #1-A well through the tanks. The operator commenced the re-entry of the Stansell #1-A well in January 2015 and is currently evaluating the drilling results.

 

Kiowa Properties

 

On September 30, 2015, we leased 100% of interests, for a period of five years, of properties in North Dakota, Florida, Illinois, and Kentucky. The total price for the subject interests under this lease agreement is $5,000 and a 15% royalty interest in all the subject interests leased. The $5,000 purchase price will be paid by us in our common shares at the per share price of $0.50, or 10,000 common shares.

 

Subject to our receipt of additional capital, we intend to pursue the acquisition of additional equity interests in other oil and gas properties in North America. However, as of the date of this report, we have no understandings or agreements in place concerning our acquisition of an interest in any other properties.

 

Marketing and Pricing

 

We derive revenue principally from the sale of oil and natural gas. As a result, our revenues are determined, to a large degree, by prevailing prices for crude oil and natural gas. Our operating partners sell our oil and natural gas on the open market at prevailing market prices. The market price for oil and natural gas is dictated by supply and demand, and we cannot accurately predict or control the price we may receive for our oil and natural gas.

 

Price decreases would adversely affect our revenues, profits and the value of our proved reserves. Historically, the prices received for oil and natural gas have fluctuated widely. Among the factors that can cause these fluctuations are:

 

The domestic and foreign supply of natural gas and oil

 

Overall economic conditions

 

The level of consumer product demand

 

Weather conditions

 

The price and availability of competitive fuels such as heating oil and coal

 

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Political conditions in the Middle East and other natural gas and oil producing regions

 

The level of oil and natural gas imports

 

Domestic and foreign governmental regulations

 

Potential price controls

 

We may enter into hedging arrangements to reduce our exposure to decreases in the prices of oil and natural gas. Hedging arrangements may expose us to risk of significant financial loss in some circumstances including circumstances where:

 

There is a change in the expected differential between the underlying price in the hedging agreement and actual prices received

 

Our production and/or sales of natural gas are less than expected

 

Payments owed under derivative hedging contracts typically come due prior to receipt of the hedged month’s production revenue

 

The other party to the hedging contract defaults on its contract obligations

 

In addition, hedging arrangements limit the benefit we would receive from increases in the prices for oil and natural gas. We cannot assure you that any hedging transactions we may enter into will adequately protect us from declines in the prices of oil and natural gas. On the other hand, we may choose not to engage in hedging transactions in the future. As a result, we may be more adversely affected by changes in oil and natural gas prices than our competitors who engage in hedging transactions.

 

Competition

 

The oil and gas industry is highly competitive and inherent difficulties exist for any new company seeking to enter an established field. Our proposed business will encounter numerous companies more experienced, better financed, and operationally organized to conduct acquisitions, development and exploration activities in the oil and gas industry in North America. Additionally, a small “start-up” such as us, with insignificant resources, is at a serious disadvantage against established competitors, including major oil companies.

 

Government Regulations

 

The following is a summary of the more significant existing environmental, health and safety laws and regulations applicable to the oil and natural gas industry and for which compliance may have a material adverse impact on the development or success of our proposed oil and gas operations.

 

Federal Income Tax. Federal income tax laws will significantly affect our operations. The principal provisions that will affect us are those that permit us, subject to certain limitations, to deduct as incurred, rather than to capitalize and amortize, our share of the domestic “intangible drilling and development costs” and to claim depletion on a portion of our domestic oil and natural gas properties based on 15% of our oil and natural gas gross income from such properties (up to an aggregate of 1,000 Bbls per day of domestic crude oil and/or equivalent units of domestic natural gas).

 

Environmental Regulation. The exploration, development and production of oil and natural gas are subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations governing the discharge of materials into the environment or otherwise relating to environmental protection. These laws and regulations may, among other things, require permits to conduct drilling, water withdrawal and waste disposal operations; govern the amounts and types of substances that may be disposed or released into the environment; limit or prohibit construction or drilling activities in sensitive areas such as wetlands, wilderness areas or areas inhabited by endangered or threatened species; require investigatory and remedial actions to mitigate pollution conditions arising from oil and gas operations or attributable to former operations; and impose obligations to reclaim and abandon well sites and pits. Failure to comply with these laws and regulations may result in the assessment of sanctions, including monetary penalties, the imposition of remedial obligations and the issuance of orders enjoining operations in affected areas.

 

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The clear trend in environmental regulation is to place more restrictions and limitations on activities that may affect the environment, and thus, any changes in environmental laws and regulations or re-interpretation of enforcement policies that result in more stringent and costly construction, drilling, water management, completion, waste handling, storage, transport, disposal, or remediation requirements or emission or discharge limits could have a material adverse effect on the development or success of our proposed oil and gas operations. Moreover, accidental releases or spills may occur in the course of our proposed oil and gas operations, and there can be no assurance that we will not incur significant costs and liabilities as a result of such releases or spills, including any third party claims for damage to property and natural resources or personal injury.

 

Hazardous Substances and Wastes. The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, as amended ("CERCLA"), also known as the Superfund law and comparable state laws impose joint and several liability, without regard to fault or legality of conduct, on certain classes of persons who are considered to be responsible for the release of a "hazardous substance" into the environment. These persons include current and prior owners or operators of the site where the release occurred and entities that disposed or arranged for the disposal of the hazardous substances found at the site. Under CERCLA, these "responsible persons" may be subject to strict joint and several liability for the costs of cleaning up the hazardous substances that have been released into the environment, for damages to natural resources and for the costs of certain environmental and health studies. In addition, it is not uncommon for neighboring landowners and other third parties to file claims for personal injury and property damage allegedly caused by the release of hazardous substances into the environment. CERCLA also authorizes the EPA and, in some instances, third parties to act in response to threats to the public health or the environment and to seek to recover from the responsible classes of persons the costs they incur. We may generate materials in the course of our proposed operations that may be regulated as hazardous substances.

 

We may also generate wastes that are subject to the requirements of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, as amended ("RCRA"), and comparable state statutes. RCRA imposes strict requirements on the generation, transportation, treatment, storage, disposal and cleanup of hazardous and non-hazardous wastes. Drilling fluids, produced waters and most of the other wastes associated with the exploration, production and development of crude oil and natural gas are currently exempt from regulation as hazardous wastes under RCRA. However, it is possible that certain oil and natural gas exploration and production wastes now classified as non-hazardous could be classified as hazardous wastes in the future. In September 2010, the Natural Resources Defense Council filed a petition with the EPA requesting them to reconsider the RCRA exemption for exploration, production, and development wastes. To date, the EPA has not taken any action on the petition. Any change in the RCRA exemption for such wastes could result in an increase in costs to manage and dispose of wastes, which could have a material adverse effect on the development or success of our proposed oil and gas operations.

 

Air Emissions. The Clean Air Act, as amended, and comparable state laws and regulations restrict the emission of air pollutants from many sources and also impose various monitoring and reporting requirements. These laws and regulations may require our operating partners to obtain pre-approval for the construction or modification of certain projects or facilities expected to produce or significantly increase air emissions, obtain and strictly comply with air permit requirements or utilize specific equipment or technologies to control emissions. Obtaining permits has the potential to delay the development of oil and natural gas projects.

 

Water Discharges. The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended ("Clean Water Act"), and analogous state laws impose restrictions and strict controls regarding the discharge of pollutants into navigable waters. Pursuant to the Clean Water Act and analogous state laws, permits must be obtained to discharge produced waters and sand, drilling fluids, drill cuttings and other substances related to the oil and gas industry into onshore, coastal and offshore waters of the United States or state waters. Any such discharge of pollutants into regulated waters must be performed in accordance with the terms of the permit issued by EPA or the analogous state agency. Spill prevention, control and countermeasure requirements under federal law require appropriate containment berms and similar structures to help prevent the contamination of navigable waters in the event of a petroleum hydrocarbon tank spill, rupture or leak. In addition, the Clean Water Act and analogous state laws require individual permits or coverage under general permits for discharges of storm water runoff from certain types of facilities.

 

Climate Change. In December 2009, the EPA published its findings that emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and certain other GHGs present an endangerment to public health and the environment because emissions of such gases are, according to the EPA, contributing to warming of the earth's atmosphere and other climatic changes. These findings allow the EPA to adopt and implement regulations that restrict emissions of GHGs under existing provisions of the federal Clean Air Act. Accordingly, the EPA has adopted regulations that require a reduction in emissions of GHGs from motor vehicles and also trigger permit review for GHG emissions from certain large stationary sources. The EPA's rules relating to emissions of GHGs from large stationary sources of emissions are currently subject to a number of legal challenges, but the federal courts have thus far declined to issue any injunctions to prevent the EPA from implementing, or requiring state environmental agencies to implement, the rules. In addition, Congress has actively considered legislation to reduce emissions of GHGs and almost one-half of the states have begun taking actions to control and/or reduce emissions of GHGs, primarily through the planned development of GHG emission inventories and/or regional GHG cap and trade programs. The adoption and implementation of any regulations imposing reporting obligations on, or limiting emissions of GHG gases from, our equipment and operations could require our operators to incur costs to reduce emissions of GHGs associated with our proposed operations or could adversely affect demand for the oil and natural gas we produce.

 

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Endangered Species. The federal Endangered Species Act ("ESA") restricts activities that may affect endangered or threatened species or their habitats. The designation of previously unidentified species as endangered or threatened on properties where we operate could subject us to additional costs or cause our oil and gas activities to be subject to operating restrictions or bans.

 

Employee Health and Safety. Our proposed operations are subject to a number of federal and state laws and regulations, including the federal Occupational Safety and Health Act, as amended ("OSHA"), and comparable state statutes, whose purpose is to protect the health and safety of workers. In addition, the OSHA hazard communication standard, the EPA community right-to-know regulations under Title III of the federal Superfund Amendment and Reauthorization Act and comparable state statutes require that information be maintained concerning hazardous materials used or produced in oil and gas operations and that this information be provided to employees, state and local government authorities and citizens.

 

State Regulation. Texas regulates the drilling for, and the production and gathering of, oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids, including requirements relating to drilling permits, the location, spacing and density of wells, unitization and pooling of interests, the method of drilling, casing and equipping of wells, the protection of fresh water sources, the orderly development of common sources of supply of oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids, the operation of wells, allowable rates of production, the use of fresh water in oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids operations, saltwater injection and disposal operations, the plugging and abandonment of wells and the restoration of surface properties, the prevention of waste of oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids resources, the protection of the correlative rights of oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids owners and, where necessary to avoid unfair, unjust or discriminatory service, the fees, terms and conditions for the gathering of natural gas. The effect of these regulations may be to limit the number of wells that our operating partners may drill, impact the locations at which our operating partners may drill wells, restrict the amounts of oil and natural gas that may be produced from wells drilled by our operating partners and increase the costs of operations.

 

Hydraulic Fracturing. We expect to participate in exploration and drilling projects that seek to recover oil and natural gas through the use of hydraulic fracturing. Hydraulic fracturing, which involves the injection of water, sand and chemicals under pressure into formations to fracture the surrounding rock and stimulate production, is typically regulated by state oil and gas commissions. However, the EPA recently asserted federal regulatory authority over certain hydraulic fracturing practices. Also, legislation has been introduced in Congress to provide for federal regulation of hydraulic fracturing and to require disclosure of the chemicals used in the fracturing process. In addition, some states have adopted, and other states are considering adopting, regulations that could restrict hydraulic fracturing in certain circumstances. For instance, in June 2011, Texas adopted a law that requires disclosure to the Railroad Commission of Texas of the additives and other chemicals contained in hydraulic fracturing fluids used in the state, subject to certain trade secret protections. If new laws or regulations that significantly restrict hydraulic fracturing are adopted at the Texas state level, such legal requirements could make it more difficult or costly for our operating partners to perform fracturing to stimulate production in the play and thereby affect the determination of whether a well is commercially viable. In addition, if hydraulic fracturing is regulated at the federal level, fracturing activities could become subject to additional permit requirements or operational restrictions and also to associated permitting delays and potential increases in costs. Restrictions on hydraulic fracturing could also reduce the amount of oil or natural gas and natural gas liquids that our operating partners are ultimately able to produce in commercial quantities from our oil and gas properties.

 

Employees

 

As of the date of this report, we have one employee, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer. For the foreseeable future, we intend to use the services of independent consultants and contractors to perform various professional services related to our oil and gas operations. Subject to our receipt of significant additional capital, we intend to hire senior management and staff with experience in oil and gas exploration and development. Until such time, we intend to rely on third party consultants to advise and assist us on our oil and gas operations.

 

Available Information

 

Our website is located at www.westtexasresources.com. The information on or accessible through our website is not part of this annual report on Form 10-K. A copy of this annual report on Form 10-K is located at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, D.C. 20549. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room can be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC also maintains an internet site that contains reports and other information regarding our filings at www.sec.gov.

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Glossary of Oil and Natural Gas Terms

 

The following is a description of the meanings of some of the oil and natural gas industry terms used in this report.

 

bbl. Stock tank barrel, or 42 U.S. gallons liquid volume, used in this report in reference to crude oil or other liquid hydrocarbons.

 

bcf. Billion cubic feet of natural gas.

 

boe. Barrels of crude oil equivalent, determined using the ratio of six mcf of natural gas to one bbl of crude oil, condensate or natural gas liquids.

 

boe/d. boe per day.

 

btu. The British thermal unit, a traditional unit of energy equal to about 1055 joules. It is the amount of energy needed to cool or heat one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit (Physical analogue; one four inch, wooden kitchen match consumed completely generates 1 btu).

 

Completion. The process of treating a drilled well followed by the installation of permanent equipment for the production of natural gas or oil, or in the case of a dry hole, the reporting of abandonment to the appropriate agency.

 

Condensate. Hydrocarbons which are in the gaseous state under reservoir conditions and which become liquid when temperature or pressure is reduced. A mixture of pentanes and higher hydrocarbons.

 

Development well. A well drilled within the proved area of a natural gas or oil reservoir to the depth of a stratigraphic horizon known to be productive.

 

Drilling locations. Total gross locations specifically quantified by management to be included in the Company’s multi-year drilling activities on existing acreage. The Company’s actual drilling activities may change depending on the availability of capital, regulatory approvals, seasonal restrictions, oil and natural gas prices, costs, drilling results and other factors.

 

Dry hole. A well found to be incapable of producing either oil or gas in sufficient quantities to justify completion as an oil or gas well.

 

Exploratory well. A well drilled to find and produce natural gas or oil reserves not classified as proved, to find a new reservoir in a field previously found to be productive of natural gas or oil in another reservoir or to extend a known reservoir.

 

Field. An area consisting of either a single reservoir or multiple reservoirs, all grouped on or related to the same individual geological structural feature and/or stratigraphic condition.

 

Formation. An identifiable layer of rocks named after its geographical location and dominant rock type.

 

Fracture or fracturing. Hydraulic fracturing, a common practice that is used to stimulate production of oil and natural gas from dense subsurface rock formations. The hydraulic fracturing process involves the injection of water, sand and chemicals under pressure into a formation to fracture the surrounding rock and stimulate production.

 

Lease. A legal contract that specifies the terms of the business relationship between an energy company and a landowner or mineral rights holder on a particular tract of land and typically grants to the energy company a fee simple determinable estate in the minerals.

 

Leasehold. Mineral rights leased in a certain area to form a project area.

 

mbbls. Thousand barrels of crude oil or other liquid hydrocarbons.

 

mboe. Thousand barrels of crude oil equivalent, determined using the ratio of six mcf of natural gas to one bbl of crude oil, condensate or natural gas liquids

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mcf. Thousand cubic feet of natural gas.

 

mcfe. Thousand cubic feet equivalent, determined using the ratio of six mcf of natural gas to one bbl of crude oil, condensate or natural gas liquids.

 

mmbbls. Million barrels of crude oil or other liquid hydrocarbons.

 

mmboe. Million barrels of crude oil equivalent, determined using the ratio of six mcf of natural gas to one bbl of crude oil, condensate or natural gas liquids.

 

mmbtu. Million British Thermal Units.

 

mmcf. Million cubic feet of natural gas.

 

Net acres, net wells, or net reserves. The sum of the fractional working interest owned in gross acres, gross wells, or gross reserves, as the case may be.

 

ngl. Natural gas liquids, or liquid hydrocarbons found in association with natural gas.

 

Overriding royalty interest. Is similar to a basic royalty interest except that it is created out of the working interest. For example, an operator possesses a standard lease providing for a basic royalty to the lessor or mineral rights owner of 1/8 of 8/8. This then entitles the operator to retain 7/8 of the total oil and natural gas produced. The 7/8 in this case is the 100% working interest the operator owns. This operator may assign his working interest to another operator subject to a retained 1/8 overriding royalty. This would then result in a basic royalty of 1/8, an overriding royalty of 1/8 and a working interest of 3/4. Overriding royalty interest owners have no obligation or responsibility for developing and operating the property. The only expenses borne by the overriding royalty owner are a share of the production or severance taxes and sometimes costs incurred to make the oil or gas salable.

 

Plugging and abandonment. Refers to the sealing off of fluids in the strata penetrated by a well so that the fluids from one stratum will not escape into another or to the surface. Regulations of all states require plugging of abandoned wells.

 

Present value of future net revenues (PV-10). The present value of estimated future revenues to be generated from the production of proved reserves, before income taxes, of proved reserves calculated in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board guidelines, net of estimated production and future development costs, using prices and costs as of the date of estimation without future escalation, without giving effect to hedging activities, non-property related expenses such a general and administrative expenses, debt service and depreciation, depletion and amortization, and discounted using an annual discount rate of 10%.

 

Production. Natural resources, such as oil or gas, taken out of the ground.

 

Proved oil and gas reserves. Proved oil and gas reserves are the estimated quantities of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids which geological and engineering data demonstrate with reasonable certainty to be economically recoverable in future years from known reservoirs under existing economic conditions, operating methods, and government regulations—prior to the time at which contracts providing the right to operate expire, unless evidence indicates that renewal is reasonably certain, regardless of whether deterministic or probabilistic methods are used for the estimation. The project to extract the hydrocarbons must have commenced or the operator must be reasonably certain that it will commence the project within a reasonable time.

 

(i)Reservoirs are considered proved if economic producibility is supported by either actual production or conclusive formation test. The area of a reservoir considered proved includes (A) that portion delineated by drilling and defined by gas-oil and/or oil-water contacts, if any; and (B) the immediately adjoining portions not yet drilled, but which can be reasonably judged as economically productive on the basis of available geological and engineering data. In the absence of information on fluid contacts, the lowest known structural occurrence of hydrocarbons controls the lower proved limit of the reservoir.

 

(ii)Reserves which can be produced economically through application of improved recovery techniques (such as fluid injection) are included in the "proved" classification when successful testing by a pilot project, or the operation of an installed program in the reservoir, provides support for the engineering analysis on which the project or program was based.
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(iii)Estimates of proved reserves do not include the following: (A) oil that may become available from known reservoirs but is classified separately as "indicated additional reserves"; (B) crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids, the recovery of which is subject to reasonable doubt because of uncertainty as to geology, reservoir characteristics, or economic factors; C) crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids, that may occur in undrilled prospects; and (D) crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids, that may be recovered from oil shales, coal, gilscnite, and other such sources.

 

Proved developed oil and gas reserves. Proved developed oil and gas reserves are reserves that can be expected to be recovered through existing wells with existing equipment and operating methods. Additional oil and gas expected to be obtained through the application of fluid injection or other improved recovery techniques for supplementing the natural forces and mechanisms of primary recovery should be included as "proved developed reserves" only after testing by a pilot project or after the operation of an installed program has confirmed through production response that increased recovery will be achieved.

 

Proved undeveloped reserves. Proved undeveloped oil and gas reserves are reserves that are expected to be recovered from new wells on undrilled acreage, or from existing wells where a relatively major expenditure is required for recompletion. Reserves on undrilled acreage shall be limited to those drilling units offsetting productive units that are reasonably certain of production when drilled. Proved reserves for other undrilled units can be claimed only where it can be demonstrated with certainty that there is continuity of production from the existing productive formation. Under no circumstances should estimates for proved undeveloped reserves be attributable to any acreage for which an application of fluid injection or other improved recovery technique is contemplated, unless such techniques have been proved effective by actual tests in the area and in the same reservoir.

 

Productive well. A well that is found to be capable of producing either oil or gas in sufficient quantities to justify completion as an oil or gas well.

 

Project. A targeted development area where it is probable that oil or natural gas can be produced from new wells.

 

Prospect. A specific geographic area which, based on supporting geological, geophysical or other data and also preliminary economic analysis using reasonably anticipated prices and costs, is deemed to have potential for the discovery of commercial hydrocarbons.

 

Recompletion. The process of re-entering an existing well bore that is either producing or not producing and completing new reservoirs in an attempt to establish or increase existing production.

 

Reserves. Oil, natural gas and gas liquids thought to be accumulated in known reservoirs.

 

Reservoir. A porous and permeable underground formation containing a natural accumulation of producible nature gas and/or oil that is confined by impermeable rock or water barriers and is separate from other reservoirs.

 

Secondary Recovery. A recovery process that uses mechanisms other than the natural pressure of the reservoir, such as gas injection or water flooding, to produce residual oil and natural gas remaining after the primary recovery phase.

 

Shut-in. A well that has been capped (having the valves locked shut) for an undetermined amount of time. This could be for additional testing, could be to wait for pipeline or processing facility, or a number of other reasons.

 

Standardized measure. The present value of estimated future cash inflows from proved oil and natural gas reserves, less future development, abandonment, production and income tax expenses, discounted at 10% per annum to reflect timing of future cash flows and using the same pricing assumptions as were used to calculate PV-10. Standardized measure differs from PV-10 because standardized measure includes the effect of future income taxes.

 

Successful. A well is determined to be successful if it is producing oil or natural gas, or awaiting hookup, but not abandoned or plugged.

 

Undeveloped acreage. Lease acreage on which wells have not been drilled or completed to a point that would permit the production of commercial quantities of oil and natural gas regardless of whether such acreage contains proved reserves.

 

Water flood. A method of secondary recovery in which water is injected into the reservoir formation to displace residual oil and enhance hydrocarbon recovery.

 

Working interest. The operating interest that gives the owner the right to drill, produce and conduct operating activities on the property and receive a share of production and requires the owner to pay a share of the costs of drilling and production operations.

8
 

 

Item 1A.       Risk Factors

 

There are numerous and varied risks, known and unknown, that may prevent us from achieving our goals. If any of these risks actually occur, our business, financial condition or results of operation may be materially adversely affected. In such case, the trading price of our common stock could decline and investors could lose all or part of their investment.

 

We are an early stage company and have limited assets. We were formed in 2010 and commenced revenue producing oil and gas operations effective as of April 1, 2013. As an early stage company, we are subject to all risks inherent in a new venture. The likelihood of our success must be considered in light of problems, expenses, complications and delays frequently encountered in connection with the development of a new business. We do not have a significant operating history and, as a result, there is a limited amount of information about us on which to make an investment decision.

 

We will require additional capital in order to achieve commercial success and, if necessary, to finance future losses from operations as we endeavor to build revenue, but we do not have any commitments to obtain such capital. The business of oil and gas acquisition, drilling and development is capital intensive and the level of operations attainable by an oil and gas company is directly linked to and limited by the amount of available capital. As of September 30, 2015, we had total current assets of $142,762 and a working capital deficit of $(133,600). We believe that our ability to achieve commercial success and our continued growth will be dependent on our ability to access capital either through the additional sale of our equity or debt securities, bank lines of credit, project financing or cash generated from oil and gas operations.  Therefore, a principal part of our plan of operations is to acquire the additional capital required to finance the acquisition of such properties and our share of the development costs. We will seek additional working capital through the sale of our securities and, subject to the successful deployment of our cash on hand, we will endeavor to obtain additional capital through bank lines of credit and project financing. However, as of the date of this report, we have no commitments for the sale of our securities or our acquisition of additional capital through any other means nor can there be any assurance that any funds will be available on commercially reasonable terms, if at all.

 

The report of our independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2015 states that due to our losses from operations and lack of working capital there is substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

Market conditions for oil and natural gas, and particularly the recent decline in prices for oil and natural gas, could adversely affect our revenue, cash flows, profitability and growth. Our project revenue, cash flows, profitability and future rate of growth depend substantially upon prevailing prices for oil and natural gas. Prices also affect the amount of cash flow available for capital expenditures and our ability to borrow money or raise additional capital. Lower prices may also make it uneconomical for our operating partners to commence or continue production levels of natural gas and crude oil. Over the six months preceding the date of this report, the NYMEX settled prices for oil and natural gas have decreased by approximately 50%. For example, during 2013 and 2014, the price of oil per bbl was consistently in the range of $85 to $90 per bbl, and hit a two year high of $101 per bbl on June 21, 2014. However, since then the prices of oil and natural gas have significantly decreased due to an over-supply and decreasing demand, and experts believe that the prices of oil and natural gas will stay suppressed for some time from the price levels experienced during the last few years.

 

Lower oil and natural gas prices will reduce our revenues and may ultimately reduce the amount of oil and natural gas that is economic to produce from our oil and gas properties. As a result, our operating partners could determine during periods of low oil and natural gas prices to shut in or curtail production from any operating wells. In addition, our operating partners could determine during periods of low oil and natural gas prices to plug and abandon marginal wells that otherwise may have been allowed to continue to produce for a longer period under conditions of higher prices. Specifically, our operating partners may abandon any well or property if it reasonably believes that the well or property can no longer produce oil or natural gas in commercially economic quantities. This could result in termination of our portion of the royalty interest relating to the abandoned well or property.

 

Our management has limited experience in operating an oil and gas business. At the present time, we have one employee, our chief executive officer and our chief financial officer, John D. Kerr. Mr. Kerr has limited experience in the oil and gas business. We intend to expand our management team and board of directors with personnel who have experience in the oil and gas business, however we have no agreements or understandings in place as of the date of this report concerning the appointment of any additional officers or directors. We do not expect to be able to attract senior management or directors with significant oil and gas experience until such time as we raise significant additional capital.   Until such time, if ever, as we do, the success of our company will be dependent on the decisions and actions undertaken by Mr. Kerr.

 

9
 

 

We have limited management and staff and will be dependent for the foreseeable future upon consultants and partnering arrangements. At the present time, we have one employee, our chief executive officer and our chief financial officer, John D. Kerr. We have developed an operating strategy that is based on our participation in exploration prospects in North America as a non-operator for the foreseeable future. We intend to use the services of independent consultants and contractors to perform various professional services, including reservoir engineering, land, legal, environmental and tax services. We will also pursue alliances with partners in the areas of geological and geophysical services and prospect generation, evaluation and prospect leasing. As a non-operator working interest owner, we intend to rely on outside operators to drill, produce and market our natural gas and oil. Our dependence on third party consultants, service providers and operators creates a number of risks, including but not limited to:

 

the possibility that such third parties may not be available to us  as and when needed; and

 

the risk that we may not be able to properly control the timing and quality of work conducted with respect to our projects.

 

Shortages or increases in costs of equipment, services and qualified personnel could delay the drilling of exploratory wells and adversely affect our future results of operations and the price of our common stock.  The demand for qualified and experienced personnel to conduct field operations, geologists, geophysicists, engineers and other professionals in the oil and natural gas industry can fluctuate significantly, often in correlation with oil and natural gas prices, causing periodic shortages. Historically, there have been shortages of drilling rigs and other equipment as demand for rigs and equipment has increased along with the number of wells being drilled. These factors also cause significant increases in costs for equipment, services and personnel. Higher oil and natural gas prices generally stimulate demand and result in increased prices for drilling rigs, crews and associated supplies, equipment and services. Shortages of field personnel and equipment or price increases could significantly hinder the ability of our operating partners to conduct drilling operations, which could adversely affect our results of operations and stock price.

 

Our industry is highly competitive which may adversely affect our performance, including our ability to participate in ready to drill prospects. Oil and gas exploration and development companies  operate in a highly competitive environment. In addition to capital, the principal resources necessary for the exploration and production of oil and natural gas are:

 

leasehold prospects under which oil and natural gas reserves may be discovered;
drilling rigs and related equipment to explore for such reserves; and
knowledgeable personnel to conduct all phases of oil and natural gas operations.

 

Numerous large, well-financed firms with large cash reserves are engaged in the acquisition of oil and gas properties in North America. We and our operating partners will face competition in acquisitions, development, exploration and production from major oil companies, numerous independents, individual proprietors and others. We expect competition to be intense for available target oil and gas properties. Such competition could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and operating results. We and our operating partners may not be able to compete successfully against current and future competitors and competitive pressures faced by us may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

Drilling for and producing oil and natural gas are high risk activities with many uncertainties that could delay the anticipated drilling schedule for exploratory wells and adversely affect our future results of operations and stock price. The drilling and completion of exploratory wells are subject to numerous risks beyond our control or the control of our operating partners, including risks that could delay the proposed drilling schedules and the risk that drilling will not result in commercially viable oil and natural gas production. Drilling for oil and natural gas can be unprofitable if dry wells are drilled and if productive wells do not produce sufficient revenues to return a profit. The decisions by us and our operating partners to develop or otherwise exploit certain prospects will depend in part on the evaluation of data obtained through geophysical and geological analyses, production data and engineering studies, the results of which are often inconclusive or subject to varying interpretations. The costs of drilling, completing and operating wells are often uncertain before drilling commences. Overruns in budgeted expenditures are common risks that can make a particular project uneconomical. Even if an exploratory well is successfully completed, it may not pay out the capital costs spent to drill it. Drilling and production operations on an exploratory well may be curtailed, delayed or canceled as a result of various factors, including the following:

 

·delays imposed by or resulting from compliance with regulatory requirements including permitting;
·unusual or unexpected geological formations and miscalculations;
·shortages of or delays in obtaining equipment and qualified personnel;
·equipment malfunctions, failures or accidents;
·lack of available gathering facilities or delays in construction of gathering facilities;
·lack of available capacity on interconnecting transmission pipelines;
10
 

 

·lack of adequate electrical infrastructure;
·unexpected operational events and drilling conditions;
·pipe or cement failures and casing collapses;
·pressures, fires, blowouts, and explosions;
·lost or damaged drilling and service tools;
·loss of drilling fluid circulation;
·uncontrollable flows of oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids water or drilling fluids;
·natural disasters;
·environmental hazards, such as oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids leaks, pipeline ruptures and discharges of toxic gases or fluids;
·adverse weather conditions such as extreme cold, fires caused by extreme heat or lack of rain, and severe storms or tornadoes;
·reductions in oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids prices;
·oil and natural gas property title problems; and
·market limitations for oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids.

 

If any of these or other similar industry operating risks occur, we could have substantial losses. Substantial losses also may result from injury or loss of life, severe damage to or destruction of property, clean-up responsibilities, regulatory investigation and penalties and suspension of operations.

 

Investigations of oil and gas properties do not eliminate the risks associated with the selection and the acquisition of such properties. Although we will engage third-party consultants to perform a review of the oil and properties proposed to be acquired, such reviews are subject to uncertainties. It generally is not feasible to review in detail every individual property involved in an acquisition. Even a detailed review of all properties and records may not reveal existing or potential problems; nor will it permit our consultants to become sufficiently familiar with the properties to assess fully their deficiencies and capabilities. Inspections are not always performed on every well, and potential problems, such as mechanical integrity of equipment and environmental conditions that may require significant remedial expenditures, are not necessarily observable even when an inspection is undertaken.

 

Oil and gas exploration and development is subject to complex federal, state, local and other laws and regulations that could adversely affect the cost, manner or feasibility of conducting our operations or expose us to significant liabilities.   Our proposed oil and natural gas exploration and production operations are subject to complex and stringent laws and regulations. In order to conduct operations in compliance with these laws and regulations, oil and gas operators must obtain and maintain numerous permits, approvals and certificates from various federal, state and local governmental authorities. Substantial costs may be incurred by our operating partners in order to maintain compliance with these existing laws and regulations. Further, in light of the explosion and fire on the drilling rig Deepwater Horizon in the Gulf of Mexico, as well as recent incidents involving the release of oil and natural gas and fluids as a result of drilling activities in the United States, there has been a variety of regulatory initiatives at the federal and state level to restrict oil and natural gas drilling operations in certain locations. Any increased regulation or suspension of oil and natural gas exploration and production, or revision or reinterpretation of existing laws and regulations, that arises out of these incidents or otherwise could result in delays and higher operating costs, which will be passed along to us by way of our equity interest in the property. Such costs or significant delays could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Laws and regulations governing oil and natural gas exploration and production may also affect production levels. Oil and gas operators are required to comply with federal and state laws and regulations governing conservation matters, including provisions related to the unitization or pooling of the oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids properties; the establishment of maximum rates of production from wells; the spacing of wells; and the plugging and abandonment of wells. These and other laws and regulations can limit the amount of oil and natural gas operators can produce from their wells, limit the number of wells they can drill, or limit the locations at which they can conduct drilling operations, which in turn could negatively impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

New laws or regulations, or changes to existing laws or regulations may unfavorably impact our proposed operations, could result in increased operating costs and have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. For example, Congress is currently considering legislation that, if adopted in its proposed form, would subject companies involved in oil and natural exploration and production activities to, among other items, additional regulation of and restrictions on hydraulic fracturing of wells, the elimination of most U.S. federal tax incentives and deductions available to oil and natural gas exploration and production activities, and the prohibition or additional regulation of private energy commodity derivative and hedging activities.

 

11
 

 

These and other potential regulations could increase operating costs, reduce revenue, delay proposed operations, increase direct and third party post production costs associated with the oil and gas properties or otherwise alter the proposed operations of oil and gas properties in which we hold an equity interest, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and stock price.

 

Oil and gas operations are subject to environmental laws and regulations that could adversely affect the cost, manner or feasibility of conducting operations or result in significant costs and liabilities. Oil and natural gas exploration and production operations are subject to stringent and comprehensive federal, state and local laws and regulations governing the discharge of materials into the environment or otherwise relating to environmental protection. These laws and regulations may impose numerous obligations that are applicable to the operation of the properties in which we hold an interest including the acquisition of a permit before conducting drilling; water withdrawal or waste disposal activities; the restriction of types, quantities and concentration of materials that can be released into the environment; the limitation or prohibition of drilling activities on certain lands lying within wilderness, wetlands and other protected areas; and the imposition of substantial liabilities for pollution resulting from operations. Numerous governmental authorities, such as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA") and analogous state agencies, have the power to enforce compliance with these laws and regulations and the permits issued under them, often requiring difficult and costly actions. Failure to comply with these laws and regulations may result in the assessment of administrative, civil or criminal penalties; the imposition of investigatory or remedial obligations; and the issuance of injunctions limiting or preventing some or all of the proposed operations.

 

There is inherent risk of incurring significant environmental costs and liabilities in the performance of oil and gas operations due to the handling of petroleum hydrocarbons and wastes, because of air emissions and wastewater discharges related to such operations, and as a result of historical industry operations and waste disposal practices.   Under certain environmental laws and regulations, our operating partner could be subject to joint and several strict liability for the removal or remediation of previously released materials or property contamination regardless of whether our operating partner was responsible for the release or contamination or if the operations were in compliance with all applicable laws at the time those actions were taken. Private parties, including the owners of properties upon which our operating partners intend to drill wells and facilities where petroleum hydrocarbons or wastes are taken for reclamation or disposal may also have the right to pursue legal actions to enforce compliance, as well as to seek damages for contamination even in the absence of non-compliance, with environmental laws and regulations or for personal injury or property damage. In addition, the risk of accidental spills or releases could expose our operating partners to significant liabilities. All of the foregoing costs and liabilities of our operating partners may be passed along to us by way of our equity interest on the subject oil and gas property, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and stock price. Changes in environmental laws and regulations occur frequently, and any changes that result in more stringent or costly construction, drilling, water management, completion, waste handling, storage, transport, disposal or cleanup requirements could require our operating partners to make significant expenditures to attain and maintain compliance. We would be responsible for our pro rata share of such costs, which may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or stock price.

 

Climate change laws and regulations restricting emissions of "greenhouse gases" could result in increased operating costs and reduced demand for oil and natural gas while the physical effects of climate change could disrupt production and cause our operating partners to incur significant costs in preparing for or responding to those effects. On December 15, 2009, the EPA published its findings that emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and other greenhouse gases ("GHGs") present a danger to public health and the environment. These findings allow the agency to adopt and implement regulations that restrict emissions of GHGs under existing provisions of the federal Clean Air Act. Accordingly, the EPA has adopted regulations that require a reduction in emissions of GHGs from motor vehicles and also trigger permit review for GHG emissions from certain large stationary sources. The EPA's rules relating to emissions of GHGs from large stationary sources of emissions are currently subject to a number of political and legal challenges, but the federal courts have thus far declined to issue any injunctions to prevent EPA from implementing, or requiring state environmental agencies to implement, the rules. In addition, on October 30, 2009, the EPA published a final rule requiring the reporting of GHG emissions from specified large GHG emission sources in the United States, beginning in 2011 for emissions occurring in 2010. On November 30, 2010, the EPA published a final rule that expands its October 2009 final rule on reporting of GHG emissions to require certain owners and operators of onshore oil and natural gas production to monitor greenhouse gas emissions beginning in 2011 and to report those emissions beginning in 2012. Both houses of Congress have from time to time considered legislation to reduce emissions of GHGs and almost one-half of the states, either individually or through multi-state regional initiatives, already have begun implementing legal measures to reduce emissions of GHGs. The adoption and implementation of any regulations imposing reporting obligations on, or limiting emissions of GHGs from the equipment and operations of our operating partners could require our operating partners to incur costs to reduce emissions of GHGs associated with our operations or could adversely affect demand for the oil and natural gas. All of the foregoing costs and liabilities of our operating partners may be passed along to us by way of our equity interest on the subject oil and gas property, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and stock price.   Finally, it should be noted that some scientists have concluded that increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere may produce climate change that could have significant physical effects, such as increased frequency and severity of storms, droughts, and floods and other climatic events; if any such effects were to occur, they could have an adverse effect on our assets and operations.

 

12
 

 

Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives relating to hydraulic fracturing could result in increased costs and additional operating restrictions or delays as well as adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition or stock price.   Our operating partners may from time to time engage in a production technique known as hydraulic fracturing, an important and common practice used to stimulate production of hydrocarbons from tight formations, such as shales. The process involves the injection of water or other liquids, sand and chemicals under pressure into formations to fracture the surrounding rock and stimulate production. The process is typically regulated by state oil and gas commissions. However, the EPA recently asserted federal regulatory authority over certain hydraulic fracturing practices. Also, legislation has been introduced into Congress to provide for federal regulation of hydraulic fracturing and to require disclosure of the chemicals used in the fracturing process. In addition, some states have adopted, and other states are considering adopting, regulations that could restrict hydraulic fracturing in certain circumstances. For instance, in June 2011, Texas adopted a law that requires disclosure to the Railroad Commission of Texas of the additives and other chemicals contained in hydraulic fracturing fluids used in the state, subject to certain trade secret protections. If new laws or regulations that significantly restrict or regulate hydraulic fracturing are adopted, such legal requirements could make it more difficult or costly for our operating partners to perform fracturing to stimulate production from our oil and gas interests and thereby affect the determination of whether a well is commercially viable. Restrictions on hydraulic fracturing could also reduce the amount of oil and natural gas our operating partners are ultimately able to produce in commercial quantities from our oil and gas interests.

 

Hydraulic fracturing operations may result environmental contamination and other operational risks that could subject us to significant costs, liabilities and loss of investment.  Hydraulic fracturing is a process that involves the injection of water or other liquids, sand and chemicals under pressure into formations to fracture the surrounding rock and stimulate production. The process involves the risk that liquids and chemicals injected into the well may migrate into and contaminate water aquifers and wells or surrounding land. The process also involves the risk that water and liquids that are retrieved from the fractured well may be improperly disposed of, thus creating another potential for water or ground contamination. Our operating partners face the possibility of significant costs and liabilities in the event of any environmental contamination resulting from the hydraulic fracturing of wells in which we have an interest, in which event we may become liable for our pro rata share of such costs and liabilities. Also, even in the absence of any actual contamination, we can face significant costs if the operator is required to defend any lawsuits or investigations that allege contamination. Finally, any actual or alleged environmental contamination resulting from a drilling operation on an oil and gas property in which we have an interest can lead to the suspension or abandonment of that property and the loss of our entire investment in such property.

 

No Dividends. We do not expect to pay cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future.

 

No Active Trading market. Our common shares are traded on the OTC Market under the symbol “WTXR.” However, we consider our common stock to be “thinly traded” and any last reported sale prices may not be a true market-based valuation of the common stock. Also, the present volume of trading in our common stock may not provide investors sufficient liquidity in the event you wish to sell your common shares. There can be no assurance that an active market for our common stock will develop. In addition, the stock market in general, and early stage public companies in particular, have experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations that have often been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of such companies. If we are unable to develop a market for our common shares, you may not be able to sell your common shares at prices you consider to be fair or at times that are convenient for you, or at all.

 

Our common stock may be considered to be a “penny stock” and, as such, any the market for our common stock may be further limited by certain SEC rules applicable to penny stocks. To the extent the price of our common stock remains below $5.00 per share or we have a net tangible assets of $2,000,000 or less, our common shares will be subject to certain “penny stock” rules promulgated by the SEC. Those rules impose certain sales practice requirements on brokers who sell penny stock to persons other than established customers and accredited investors (generally institutions with assets in excess of $5,000,000 or individuals with net worth in excess of $1,000,000). For transactions covered by the penny stock rules, the broker must make a special suitability determination for the purchaser and receive the purchaser’s written consent to the transaction prior to the sale. Furthermore, the penny stock rules generally require, among other things, that brokers engaged in secondary trading of penny stocks provide customers with written disclosure documents, monthly statements of the market value of penny stocks, disclosure of the bid and asked prices and disclosure of the compensation to the brokerage firm and disclosure of the sales person working for the brokerage firm. These rules and regulations adversely the affect the ability of brokers to sell our common shares and limit the liquidity of our securities.

 

Item 1B.       Unresolved Staff Comments

 

Not applicable.

13
 

 

Item 2.       Properties

 

Company Executive Offices

 

Our executive offices are located in 5729 Lebanon Road., Suite 144, Frisco, Texas 75034. We believe that our current facilities are adequate for our foreseeable needs.

 

Oil and Gas Interests

 

Eastland County Field

 

In September 2011, we acquired our initial property consisting of a 31.25% working interest in an exploratory oil and gas drilling prospect covering 120 acres in Eastland County, Texas. The Eastland County prospect includes two exploratory wells, known as Rutherford #1 and C.M. Knott #1, that had been operating at a minimum level required to maintain the lease rights. In October 2011, the operator reentered the Rutherford #1 well and conducted drilling and casing activities, which were completed in November 2011. In January 2012, a third party conducted the fracture stimulation of the Rutherford #1. In February 2013, the operator placed a pump jack on the Rutherford #1 well, however no meaningful revenue has been derived from the well to date. During the three months ended June 30, 2013, we determined that our investment in the Eastland County prospect was impaired due to an unsuccessful fracture stimulation of the Rutherford #1. Accordingly, we recorded an impairment loss of $108,373 to write off the capitalized fracture stimulation costs. The operator has undertaken no further activity on the Eastland County prospect as of the date of this report.

 

Port Hudson Field

 

In August 2013, we acquired a 7.24625% working interest (5.65158% net revenue interest) in the oil and gas leases, wells and attendant production in the Port Hudson field, Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. On April 15, 2014, we sold 44.1% of our original working interest in the Port Hudson field for the total consideration of $290,000, less any payments received by us for production from the Port Hudson field occurring after January 1, 2014. On April 6, 2015, we entered into an agreement with Hi-Tech Exploration, LLC to sell to Hi-Tech our entire 4.0506% working interest (3.1595% net revenue interest) in the Port Hudson field for the total consideration of $205,000, less any payments received by us for production from the Port Hudson field occurring after March 1, 2015.

 

West Cam 225 Field

 

In September 2013, we acquired a 10.0167% working interest (7.2120% net revenue interest) in an offshore oil and gas field, known as West Cam 225, located in the shallow waters of the Gulf of Mexico near Cameron, Louisiana. On April 6, 2015, we entered into an agreement with Hi-Tech to sell Hi-Tech our entire 10.0167% working interest (7.2118% net revenue interest) in the West Cam 225 property for the total consideration of $130,500. We had acquired our working interest in the West Cam 225 in September 2013.

 

Wolfcamp Field

 

In June and July 2014, we acquired non-operating leases covering approximately 1,070 gross mineral acre leases in the Wolfcamp field located in Hale County, Texas. The leases have a primary term of five years with our option to extend the term for another five years. The leased properties constitute the surface acreage comprising a natural gas prospect, for which we hold 50% of the working interest and 40% net revenue interest. The leased properties are subject to a 20% royalty interest held by the owners and a third party. We are currently evaluating our options for the exploitation of the leased properties, including our sale of the leases or our farm-out of the leases to a natural gas operator.

 

Sunshine Prospect

 

We hold a 15% (14.25% net revenue interest) in a non-operating oil and gas prospect located in Landry Parish, Louisiana. The working interest concerns 248 gross acres and net acres in the Sunshine Prospect. The operator intends to drill an initial well in the prospect in 2016.

 

Stansell Field

 

We hold a 1% working interest in an oil prospect located in Floyd County, Texas. The working interest comprises 15,000 leased acres in the southern section of the Palo Duro basin. The initial project will be the re-entry of the Stansell #1-A well, an existing well bore that was drilled in 2006. The original drilling encountered oil shows in three separate reservoirs and the operator intends to re-enter and recomplete the Stansell #1-A using current fracture stimulation technology. We have a carried 1% working interest in the Stansell #1-A well through the tanks. The operator commenced the re-entry of the Stansell #1-A well in January 2015 and is currently evaluating the drilling results.

 

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Kiowa Properties

 

On September 30, 2015, we leased 100% of interests, for a period of five years, of properties in North Dakota, Florida, Illinois, and Kentucky. The total price for the subject interests under this lease agreement is $5,000 and a 15% royalty interest in all the subject interests leased. The $5,000 purchase price will be paid by us in our common shares at the per share price of $0.50, or 10,000 common shares.

 

Subject to our receipt of additional capital, we intend to pursue the acquisition of additional equity interests in other oil and gas properties in North America. However, as of the date of this report, we have no understandings or agreements in place concerning our acquisition of an interest in any other properties.

 

Estimated Proved Reserves and Operating Wells

 

We have no proved developed or undeveloped reserves or operating wells as of September 30, 2015.

 

Drilling and Other Exploratory Activities

 

We were incorporated in December 2010 and did not participate in any drilling, or other exploratory or development, activity during the fiscal year ended September 30, 2011. In October 2011, we participated in our first drilling operation, which took place at our initial prospect, located in Eastland County, Texas. The Eastland County prospect includes two wells, known as Rutherford #1 and C.M. Knott #1, that had been operating at a minimum level required to maintain the lease rights. In October 2011, the operator of the prospect reentered the Rutherford #1 well and conducted drilling and casing activities, which were completed in November 2011. In January 2012, a third party conducted the fracture stimulation of the Rutherford #1. In February 2013, the operator placed a pump jack on the Rutherford #1 well, however no meaningful revenue has been derived from the well to date. Our activity on the Rutherford #1 represents our only participation in drilling, exploratory or development activity to date. As of the date of this report, we have no wells in the process of drilling or completion other than the Rutherford #1.

 

Item 3.       Legal Proceedings

 

As of the date of this report, there are no pending legal proceedings to which we or our properties are subject, except for routine litigation incurred in the normal course of business.

 

Item 4.       Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Inapplicable.

15
 

 

PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Repurchases of Equity Securities

 

Market Information

 

Our common stock is quoted on the OTC Market under the symbol “WTXR” Our common stock trades only sporadically and has experienced in the past, and is expected to experience in the future, significant price and volume volatility. The following table shows the reported high and low closing prices per share for our common stock based on information provided by the OTC Market for the periods indicated.  

 

Fiscal Year Ended September 30, 2015  High  Low
Fourth Quarter  $0,60  $0.20
Third Quarter  $0.60  $0.20
Second Quarter  $0.50  $0.21
First Quarter  $0.70  $0.32

 

Fiscal Year Ended September 30, 2014    High   Low
Fourth Quarter   $1.00   $0.76
Third Quarter   $0.90   $0.64
Second Quarter   $0.89      $0.51
First Quarter   $1.15      $0.70

 

Holders of Record

 

As of December 28, 2015, there were 159 holders of record of our common stock.

 

Dividend Policy

 

We have never declared or paid cash dividends on our common stock. We presently intend to retain earnings to finance the operation and expansion of our business.

 

Equity Compensation Plan Information

 

We have adopted the West Texas Resources, Inc. 2011 Stock Incentive Plan providing for the grant of non-qualified stock options and incentive stock options to purchase shares of our common stock and for the grant of restricted and unrestricted share grants. We have reserved 3,000,000 shares of our common stock under the plan. All officers, directors, employees and consultants to our company are eligible to participate under the plan. The purpose of the plan is to provide eligible participants with an opportunity to acquire an ownership interest in our company.

16
 

 

The following table sets forth certain information as of September 30, 2015 about our stock plans under which our equity securities are authorized for issuance.

 

            (c)
            Number of Securities
   

(a)

Number of Securities

to be Issued Upon

Exercise of

Outstanding

Options

 

 

(b)

Weighted-Average

Exercise Price of

Outstanding

Options

  Remaining Available for
        Future Issuance Under
        Equity Compensation
        Plans
        (Excluding Securities
Plan Category       Reflected In Column (a))
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders   897,223   $ 0.43   2,102,777
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders        
Total   897,223   $ 0.43   2,102,777

 

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

During the fiscal year ended September 30, 2015, we conducted the private placement sale of 100,000 shares of our common stock at the offering price of $0.25 per share for the gross proceeds of $100,000. The issuances were exempt under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933 and Rule 506 there under. All of the investors were accredited investors, as such term is defined in Rule 501 under the Securities Act. The offering was conducted by our management. No sales commissions or finders’ fees were paid by us or anyone else.

 

On September 30, 2015, our controlling shareholder, Mr. Gary Bryant, agreed to convert $501,754 of indebtedness underlying two convertible promissory notes, including $455,146 of principal and $46,608 of accrued interest, into shares of our common stock at the rate of $0.50 per share.

 

Item 6.       Selected Financial Data

 

Not applicable.

17
 

 

Item 7.       Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

General

 

We were formed on December 9, 2010 under the laws of Nevada for the purpose of oil and gas exploration and development in North America. We commenced revenue producing oil and gas operations effective as of April 1, 2013. From April 1, 2013 to December 2014, all of our revenue was derived from our working interest in the Port Hudson field. Commencing in January 2014, we also derived revenue from our working interest in the West Cam 225 field.

 

On April 6, 2015, we sold our entire working interest in the Port Hudson field for the total consideration of $205,000, less any payments received by us for production from the Port Hudson field occurring after March 1, 2015, and on same day we also sold our entire working interest in the West Cam 225 property for the total consideration of $130,500. Since our sale of the Port Hudson and West Cam 225 properties, we do not have any oil and gas properties that produce revenue in any meaningful amounts.

 

Results of Operations

 

During the fiscal years ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, we had $81,231 and $304,289 of revenue, respectively. Our revenue during the fiscal year ended September 30, 2015 consisted of revenue in the amount of $47,289 from our working interest in the Port Hudson field and revenue in the amount of $33,942 from our working interest in the West Cam 225 field. Our revenue for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2014 consisted of revenue in the amount of $260,179 from our working interest in the Port Hudson field and revenue in the amount of $44,110 from our working interest in the West Cam 225 field. Our revenue decreased from fiscal 2014 to fiscal 2015 due to our sale of the Port Hudson and West Cam 225 properties in April 2015 along with the decline in price for oil and natural gas in the second half of the calendar year 2014.

 

For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2015, we had general and administrative expenses of $374,742 compared to general and administrative expenses of $742,870 during the prior year. The decrease in expenses is attributable to the higher level of activity during the 2014 and our incursion of $232,256 of stock-based compensation during the 2014 fiscal year compared to $47,041 of stock-based compensation during the current year.

 

For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2015, we had other expenses of $809,412 compared to other expenses of $294,530 during the prior year. The increase in other expenses was due primarily to a loss on the sale of an oil and gas property in the amount of 150,050 and an impairment loss on an oil and gas property in the amount of $317,876 during 2015.

 

For the fiscal years ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, we incurred a net loss of $(1,102,923) and $(733,111), respectively. The increase in our net loss was the result of an increase in expenses during 2015 compared to the prior year.

 

Subject to our receipt of additional capital, our plan of operations over the next 12 months is to pursue the acquisition of additional equity interests in oil and gas properties to be thereafter exploited by us in conjunction with other oil and gas producers. As of the date of this memorandum, we have no understandings or agreements in place concerning our acquisition of an interest in any other properties.

 

At the present time, we have one employee, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, John D. Kerr, who has limited experience in the oil and gas exploration and development business. Subject to our receipt of significant additional capital, we intend to hire senior management and staff with experience in oil and gas exploration. Until such time, we intend to pursue an operating strategy that is based on our participation in exploration prospects as a non-operator. Based on that strategy, our plan of operations over the next 12 months is to pursue the acquisition of oil and natural gas interests in partnership with other companies with exploration, development and production expertise. We will also pursue alliances with partners in the areas of geological and geophysical services and prospect generation, evaluation and prospect leasing. Pursuant to this strategy, we intend to engage and rely on third party geologists and geophysicists, among others, to review the available data concerning each potential acquisition. In each case, we expect that the operator of the prospect will assemble the appropriate data and conduct the appropriate studies and that our consultants will conduct an independent review of the operator’s data and studies for purposes of advising us of the merits of each potential acquisition.

 

The business of oil and gas acquisition, drilling and development is capital intensive and the level of operations attainable by an oil and gas company is directly linked to and limited by the amount of available capital. Therefore, a principal part of our plan of operations is to acquire the additional capital required to finance the acquisition of such properties and our share of the development costs. As explained under “Financial Condition” below, we will seek additional working capital through the sale of our securities and, subject to the successful deployment of our cash on hand, we will endeavor to obtain additional capital through bank lines of credit and project financing.

 

18
 

 

Financial Condition

 

As of September 30, 2015, we had total assets of $360,195 and negative working capital of $(133,600). Our ability to achieve commercial success is dependent on our ability to obtain additional capital either through the additional sale of our equity or debt securities, bank lines of credit, project financing or cash generated from oil and gas operations. We believe that our ability to achieve commercial success and our continued growth will be dependent on our ability to access capital either through the additional sale of our equity or debt securities, bank lines of credit, project financing or cash generated from oil and gas operations. Therefore, a principal part of our plan of operations is to acquire the additional capital required to finance the acquisition of such properties and our share of the development costs. We will seek additional working capital through the sale of our securities and, subject to the successful deployment of our cash on hand, we will endeavor to obtain additional capital through bank lines of credit and project financing. There can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain additional capital on a timely basis in order to complete our acquisition of additional oil and gas interests.

 

The report of our independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2015 states that due to our losses from operations and lack of working capital there is substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet financing arrangements.

 

Item 7A.       Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Not applicable.

19
 

Item 8.       Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

Index To Financial Statements

 

  Page
   
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm F-1
   
Balance Sheets at September 30, 2015 and 2014 F-2
   
Statements of Operations for the Years Ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 F-3
   

Statements of Changes In Shareholders’ Equity for the Years Ended

September 30, 2015 and 2014

F-4
   
Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 F-5
   
Notes to Financial Statements F-6

 

20
 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

 

To the Board of Directors and
Stockholders of West Texas Resources, Inc.

 

We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of West Texas Resources, Inc. as of September 30, 2015 and 2014, and the related statements of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended September 30, 2015. West Texas Resources, Inc.’s management is responsible for these financial statements. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of West Texas Resources, Inc. as of September 30, 2015 and 2014, and the results of its operations and its cash flows the years ended September 30, 2015 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, the Company has not earned any significant revenues since inception and has an accumulated deficit of $2,380,332 which raises substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements do not include any adjustment that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

 

/s/ Farber Hass Hurley LLP

 

Chatsworth, California

   
December 30, 2015    
     
     

 

 

F-1
 

 

West Texas Resources, Inc.

 

BALANCE SHEETS

 

 

  September 30,   September 30, 
   2015   2014 
ASSETS        
Current Assets          
Cash  $142,762   $144,506 
Accounts receivable       45,055 
Total Current Assets   142,762    189,561 
           
Oil and gas properties, using successful efforts accounting   217,433    885,810 
           
TOTAL ASSETS  $360,195   $1,075,371 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY          
Current Liabilities          
Accrued expenses  $161,370   $159,255 
Payroll liabilities   978    3,499 
Investment payable   13,600    13,600 
Lease payable   5,000     
Asset retirement obligation   10,000    10,000 
Shareholder advances   45,000    35,000 
Interest payable       19,303 
Notes payable - related parties, net of discount       183,384 
Other payable   40,414    38,369 
Total Current Liabilities   276,362    462,410 
Commitments and Contingencies        
Shareholders' Equity          
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding            
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 200,000,000 shares authorized; 14,515,400 and 14,415,400 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2015 and September 30, 2014, respectively     14,515       14,415  
Additional paid-in capital   1,947,896    1,875,955 
Common stock issuable   501,754     
Accumulated deficit   (2,380,332)   (1,277,409)
Total Shareholders' Equity   83,833    612,961 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY  $360,195   $1,075,371 

 

See accompanying notes to these financial statements

 

F-2
 

 

West Texas Resources, Inc.

 

STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

  For the Year Ended September 30, 
   2015   2014 
Revenues          
Oil and gas sales  $81,231   $304,289 
           
General and administrative expenses   374,742    722,887 
Operating Loss   (293,511)   (418,598)
Other income (expenses)          
Interest expense   (33,719)   (40,923)
Amortization of debt discount   (337,767)   (253,607)
Loss on sale of oil and gas interest   (150,050)   (19,983)
Impairment loss on oil and gas properties   (317,876)    
Other income   30,000     
Loss Before Income Taxes   (1,102,923)   (733,111)
           
Tax provision        
Net Loss  $(1,102,923)  $(733,111)
           
Loss per share          
Basic and diluted weighted average number of common shares outstanding     14,424,989       14,182,984  
Basic and diluted net loss per share  $(0.08)  $(0.05)

 

See accompanying notes to these financial statements

 

F-3
 

 

West Texas Resources, Inc.

 

STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

For the Years Ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 

 

Common Stock  Options  Additional  Common     Total 
Number    Number  Paid-in  Stock  Accumulated  Shareholders' 
of Shares  Amount  of Options  Capital  Issuable  Deficit  Equity 
Balance, September 30, 2013  14,079,400  $14,079   400,000  $1,426,035  $  $(544,298) $895,816 
                             
Issuance of common stock for cash  336,000   336      167,664         168,000 
                             
Debt discount           50,000         50,000 
                             
Stock based compensation        400,000   232,256         232,256 
                             
Net loss                 (733,111)  (733,111)
Balance, September 30, 2014  14,415,400  $14,415   800,000  $1,875,955  $  $(1,277,409) $612,961 
Issuance of common stock for cash  100,000   100      24,900         25,000 
Debt discount                     
Conversion of notes and interest payable              501,754      501,754 
Stock based compensation        200,000   47,041         47,041 
Net loss                 (1,102,923)  (1,102,923)
Balance, September 30, 2015  14,515,400  $14,515   1,000,000  $1,947,896  $501,754  $(2,380,332) $83,833 

 

See accompanying notes to these financial statements

 

F-4
 

 

West Texas Resources, Inc.

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

  For the Year Ended September 30, 
   2015   2014 
Cash flows from operating activities          
Net loss  $(1,102,923)  $(733,111)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash from operating activities:                
Stock-based compensation   47,041    232,256 
Loss on sale of oil and gas interest   150,050    19,983 
Impairment loss on investment   317,876     
Depletion expense   20,000     
Conversion of interest payable to common stock   46,608     
Amortization of debt discount   337,767    253,607 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   45,055    123,895 
Payroll liabilities   (2,521)   (412)
Investment payable       13,600 
Lease payable   5,000     
Other payable   2,045    38,369 
Interest payable   (19,303)   13,925 
Accrued expenses   2,115    8,059 
Net cash used in operating activities   (151,190)   (29,829)
           
Cash flows from investing activities          
Investments   (5,000)   (193,684)
Proceeds from sale of oil and gas interest   185,450    290,000 
Net cash provided by investing activities   180,450    96,316 
           
Cash flows from financing activities          
Proceeds from sale of common stock   25,000    168,000 
Proceeds from notes payable       50,000 
Repayment on note payable   (66,004)   (176,612)
Shareholder advances   10,000    20,000 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities   (31,004)   61,388 
           
Net increase (decrease) in cash   (1,744)   127,875 
Cash, beginning of period   144,506    16,631 
Cash, end of period  $142,762   $144,506 
           
Supplemental cash flow disclosure:          
Interest paid  $6,414   $26,998 
Income taxes paid  $   $ 
           
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash transactions:          
Conversion of notes payable - related parties to common stock   $ 455,146     $  

 

See accompanying notes to these financial statements

 

F-5
 

 

WEST TEXAS RESOURCES, INC.

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 


September 30, 2015 and 2014

 

1.  Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Organization and business

 

West Texas Resources, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated under the laws of Nevada on December 9, 2010 under the name Texas Resources Energy, Inc., a Texas corporation. On June 30, 2011, the Company changed its name to West Texas Resources, Inc. The Company intends to engage in the acquisition, exploration and development of oil and gas properties in North America. From its inception, the Company has devoted its activities to developing a business plan, raising capital and acquiring operating assets.

 

Going concern

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP) that contemplate continuation of the Company as a going concern. The Company has not earned any significant revenues since inception. During the years ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, the Company incurred a net loss of $1,102,923, and $733,111, respectively. In addition, the Company had an accumulative deficit of $2,380,332 and $1,277,409, as of September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

 

The Company will require up to $1 million of additional capital in order to fund its proposed operations over the next 12 months. Management plans to continue to seek sources of financing on favorable terms; however, there are no assurances that any such financing can be obtained on favorable terms, if at all. Management expects to monitor and control the Company’s operating costs until cash is available through financing or operating activities. There are no assurances that the Company will be successful in achieving these plans. The Company anticipates that losses will continue until such time, if ever, as the Company is able to generate sufficient revenues to support its operations.

   

Oil and gas properties

 

The Company uses the successful efforts method of accounting for oil and gas producing activities. Costs to acquire mineral interests in oil and gas properties, to drill and equip exploratory wells that find proved reserves, to drill and equip development wells and related asset retirement costs are capitalized. Costs to drill exploratory wells that do not find proved reserves, geological and geophysical costs, and costs of carrying and retaining unproved properties are expensed.

 

Unproved oil and gas properties that are individually significant are periodically assessed for impairment of value, and a loss is recognized at the time of impairment by providing an impairment allowance. Other unproved properties are amortized based on the Company's experience of successful drilling and average holding period. Capitalized costs of producing oil and gas properties, after considering estimated residual salvage values, are depreciated and depleted by the unit-of-production method.

 

On the sale or retirement of a complete unit of a proved property, the cost and related accumulated depreciation, depletion, and amortization are eliminated from the property accounts, and the resultant gain or loss is recognized. On the retirement or sale of a partial unit of proved property, the cost is charged to accumulated depreciation, depletion, and amortization with a resulting gain or loss recognized in income.  On the sale of an entire interest in an unproved property for cash or cash equivalent, gain or loss on the sale is recognized, taking into consideration the amount of any recorded impairment if the property had been assessed individually. If a partial interest in an unproved property is sold, the amount received is treated as a reduction of the cost of the interest retained.

 

Impairment of long-lived assets

 

The Company accounts for the impairment and disposition of long-lived assets in accordance with ASC 360-10-35, Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets. In accordance with ASC 360-10-35, long-lived assets are reviewed for events of changes in circumstances, which indicate that their carrying value may not be recoverable. During the year ended September 30, 2015, the Company recorded $317,876 of impairment on the Company’s investments in oil and gas properties.

 

   

F-6
 

WEST TEXAS RESOURCES, INC.

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 


September 30, 2015 and 2014

 

 

Asset retirement obligations 

 

ASC 410-20, Asset Retirement Obligations, clarifies that a legal obligation to perform an asset retirement activity in which the timing and/or method of settlement are conditional on a future event that may or may not be within the control of the entity. The obligation to perform the asset retirement activity is unconditional even though uncertainty exists about the timing and/or method of settlement. ASC 410-20 requires a liability to be recognized for the fair value of a conditional asset retirement obligation if the fair value of the liability can be reasonably estimated.

 

Except for the Eastland County investment, the asset retirement obligations for the other properties are recognized by the operators of these properties and deducted against the revenue interest of the Company.

 

Cash, cash equivalents, and other cash flow statement supplemental information

 

Cash is commonly considered to consist of currency and demand in deposits. The Company considers all liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less that are readily convertible into cash to be cash equivalents.  The Company places its cash with high credit quality financial institutions.  Accounts at these institutions are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) up to $250,000. The Company performs ongoing evaluations of these institutions to limit its concentration of risk exposure.  Management believes this risk is not significant due to the financial strength of the financial institutions utilized by the Company.

 

Use of estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect certain reported amounts and disclosures. Accordingly, actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Income taxes

 

The Company reports certain expenses differently for financial and tax reporting purposes and, accordingly, provides for the related deferred taxes. Income taxes are accounted for under the liability method in accordance with ASC 740, Income Taxes.

 

Management has considered its tax positions and believes that all of the positions taken by the Company in its Federal and State tax returns are more likely than not to be sustained upon examination. The Company is subject to examination by U.S. Federal and State tax authorities from 2012 to the present, generally for three years after they are filed.

 

The Company has not filed its income tax returns for fiscal years 2012 to 2014. The Company plans to file these tax returns in first quarter of 2016. The Company believes that it should not have any material impact on the financials because the Company did not have any tax liabilities due to net loss incurred for these years.

 

Basic and diluted net income (loss) per share

 

Basic net income (loss) per share is based upon the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted net income (loss) per share is based on the assumption that all dilutive convertible shares and stock options were converted or exercised. Dilution is computed by applying the treasury stock method.  Under this method, options and warrants are assumed to be exercised at the beginning of the period (or at the time of issuance, if later), and as if funds obtained thereby were used to purchase common stock at the average market price during the period.  For the years ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, all common stock equivalents were anti-dilutive.

 

Stock-based payments

 

Compensation costs for all share-based awards are measured based on the grant date fair value and are recognized over the vesting period. The Company has no awards with market or performance conditions. Excess tax benefits will be recognized as an addition to additional paid-in-capital.

 

 

 

F-7
 

  

Revenue recognition

 

In accordance with the requirements ASC topic 605 “Revenue Recognition”, revenues are recognized at such time as (1) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, (2) delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, (3) the seller’s price to the buyer is fixed or determinable and (4) collectability is reasonably assured.

 

Fair value of financial instruments

 

The accounting standards regarding fair value of financial instruments and related fair value measurements defines financial instruments and requires disclosure of the fair value of financial instruments held by the Company. The Company considers the carrying amount of cash and other current assets and liabilities to approximate their fair values because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization.

 

The Company has also adopted ASC 820-10 which defines fair value, establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosures of fair value measurement and enhances disclosure requirements for fair value measures. The three levels are defined as follows:

 

·Level 1 inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.

 

·Level 2 inputs to the valuation methodology include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, and inputs that are observable for the assets or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial instruments.

 

·Level 3 inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to the fair value.

 

As of September 30, 2015 and 2014, the Company did not identify any assets or liabilities that are required to be presented on the balance sheet at fair value in accordance with ASC 820-10.

 

Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior year financial statements in order for them to be in conformity with the current year presentation.

 

Recent accounting pronouncement

 

In July 2013, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued a new accounting standard that requires an unrecognized tax benefit to be presented as a decrease in a deferred tax asset where a net operating loss, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward exists and certain criteria are met. The new accounting standard is effective as of October 1, 2014 and is consistent with the Company’s present practice.

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09 " Revenue from Contracts with Customers " (Topic 606). Topic 606 supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Topic 605, “Revenue Recognition”, including most industry-specific revenue recognition guidance throughout the Industry Topics of the Codification. In addition, the amendments create a new Subtopic 340-40, “Other Assets and Deferred Costs—Contracts with Customers”. In summary, the core principle of Topic 606 is that an entity recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. For a public entity, the amendments in this Update are effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period. Early application is not permitted. Management is currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on Company’s financial position and statement of operations.

 

In June 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-12, "Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718)," which makes amendments to the codification topic 718, "Accounting for Share-Based Payments.” when the terms of an award provide that a performance target could be achieved after the requisite service period. The new guidance becomes effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2015, early adoption is permitted.  Management is currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on our financial position and results of operations.

 

In August 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2014-15, “Presentation of Financial Statements – Going Concern”, Subtopic 205-40, “Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern.” The amendments in this ASU apply to all entities and require management to assess an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern by incorporating and expanding upon certain principles that are currently in U.S. auditing standards. Specifically, the amendments (1) provide a definition of the term substantial doubt, (2) require an evaluation every reporting period including interim periods, (3) provide principles for considering the mitigating effect of management’s plans, (4) require certain disclosures when substantial doubt is alleviated as a result of consideration of management’s plans, (5) require an express statement and other disclosures when substantial doubt is not alleviated, and (6) require an assessment for a period of one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (or available to be issued). The amendments in this Update are effective for the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, and for annual periods and interim periods thereafter. Early application is permitted. Management is currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on Company’s financial position and results of operations.

 

 

F-8
 

WEST TEXAS RESOURCES, INC.

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 


September 30, 2015 and 2014

 

2. Oil and Gas Properties  

 

Port Hudson Field, Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana

 

Effective April 1, 2013, the Company acquired a 7.24625% working interest in the oil and gas leases, wells and attendant production in the Port Hudson field, Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, for a total consideration of $702,900. The Company’s working interest was subject to certain overriding royalty interests, subject to which it had a 5.65158% net revenue interest in the Port Hudson Field.

 

On April 5, 2014, the Company entered into an agreement with EnTek Partners, LLC for the sale of 44.1% of the Company’s working interest in the Port Hudson field for the total consideration of $290,000, less any payments received by the Company for production from the Port Hudson field occurring after January 1, 2014. Pursuant to the Company’s agreement with EnTek Partners, the Company sold to EnTek an undivided 3.1956% of 8/8th working interest (2.4926% net revenue interest) out of the working interests in the Port Hudson field owned by the Company at that time. The transactions under the Entek Partners agreement closed on April 16, 2014, with an effective date of January 1, 2014. After giving effect to the sale, the Company continued to hold a 4.0506% working interest (3.1595% net revenue interest) in Port Hudson field. During the year ended September 30, 2014, the Company recorded a loss on sale of the working interest of $19,983.

 

Pursuant to the same agreement, EnTek Partners had also agreed to provide to the Company $275,000 in non-recourse financing to pay for its share of a dual recompletion in the D-1 well at West Cam 225 property in exchange for its agreement to provide EnTek Partners with 75% of the net profits derived by the Company from the West Cam 225 property until such time as EnTek Partners has recouped 100% of the recompletion costs advanced on the Company’s behalf and 50% of the net profits thereafter.

 

West Cam 225, Louisiana

 

On August 16, 2013, the Company entered into an agreement with Enovation Resources, LLC to purchase a 10.0167% working interest (7.2120% net revenue interest) in an offshore oil and gas field, known as West Cam 225, located in the shallow waters of the Gulf of Mexico near Cameron, Louisiana. The Company’s purchase price for the working interest was $50,000. In addition to the purchase price, the Company paid $230,459 as advance for costs for development.

 

Sunshine Prospect, Landry Parish, Louisiana

 

On August 1, 2014, the Company entered into an agreement with Restech Resources, LLC to purchase a 15% (14.25% net revenue interest) in an oil and gas prospect located in Landry Parish, Louisiana. The working interest concerns 248 gross acres and net acres in the Sunshine Prospect. Our purchase price for the working interest was $76,500.

 

Birnie Field, Motley County, Texas

 

On September 17, 2014, the Company entered into an agreement with Escopeta Oil and Gas Corporation to purchase a 10% working interest (7.5% net revenue interest) in a natural gas prospect located in the Birnie field in Motley County, Texas. The working interest concerns 5,760 leased acres in the Palo Duro Basin prospect. Our purchase price for the working interest was $70,000. In 2014, the operator drilled an initial well on the prospect, however the drilling was unsuccessful and resulted in a dry hole. The operator agreed to provide us, for no additional consideration, a 1% working interest in the Stansell field prospect described below.

 

Stansell Field, Floyd County, Texas

 

We hold a 1% working interest in an oil prospect located in Floyd County, Texas. The working interest comprises 15,000 leased acres in the southern section of the Palo Duro basin. The initial project will be the re-entry of the Stansell #1-A well, an existing wellbore that was drilled in 2006. The original drilling encountered oil shows in three separate reservoirs and the operator intends to re-enter and recomplete the Stansell #1-A the Companying current fracture stimulation technology. We have a carried 1% working interest in the Stansell #1-A well through the tanks. In April 2015, the operator has started the re-entry of the Stansell #1-A well .

 

 

 

F-9
 

WEST TEXAS RESOURCES, INC.

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 


September 30, 2015 and 2014

 

Wolfcamp Field, Hale County, Texas

 

In June and July 2014, the Company acquired non-operating leases covering approximately 1,070 gross mineral acre leases in the Wolfcamp field located in Hale County, Texas. The leases were acquired for cash payments of $45,484. The leases have a primary term of five years with the Company option to extend the term for another five years. The leased properties constitute the surface acreage comprising a natural gas prospect, for which we hold 50% of the working interest and 40% net revenue interest. The leased properties are subject to a 20% royalty interest held by the owners and a third party. the Company is currently evaluating the Company options for the exploitation of the leased properties, including the Company sale of the leases or the Company farm-out of the leases to a natural gas operator. 

 

Sale of Port Hudson Field and West Cam 225

 

During the quarter ended March 31, 2015, the Company decided to sell 100% of its interest in Port Hudson field and West Cam 225. The net investment of $653,376 was reclassed as oil and gas properties held for sale and recorded at market value of $335,500. The Company recorded impairment loss of $317,876 due to reduction of the market value comparing to the cost of these investments.

 

On April 6, 2015, the Company entered into agreements with Hi-Tech exploration, LLC to sell its entire interests in the Port Hudson field and the West Cam 225 for a total consideration of $335,500. The Company completed the sale and paid $150,050 for outstanding costs and recorded it as loss on sale of oil and gas interest.

 

Leased Properties from Kiowa Oil Company

 

On September 30, 2015, the Company entered into an agreement with Kiowa Oil Company to lease 100% of interests, for a period of five years, of properties in North Dakota, Florida, Illinois, and Kentucky. The total price for the subject interests under this lease agreement is $5,000 and a 15% royalty interest in all the subject interests leased. The total price will be paid in the Company’s common shares at the per share price of $0.50.

 

As of September 30, 2015 and September 30, 2014, total oil and gas properties amounted to $217,433 and $885,810, respectively.

 

 

3. Notes Payable – Related Parties

 

On August 14, 2013, the Company entered into a loan agreement with a shareholder, Gary Bryant, pursuant to which Mr. Bryant loaned the Company $417,762, the proceeds of which were used to partially finance the acquisition of the Port Hudson interest described in Note 2 above. The loan beared interest on the unpaid principal amount at the rate of 8% per annum. All principal and interest were payable over a four year period, commencing November 1, 2013, at the amortized rate of $10,198 per month. The Company’s obligations under the loan were secured by our working interest in the Port Hudson field.

 

On September 6, 2013, the Company entered into another loan agreement with Mr. Gary Bryant, pursuant to which Mr. Bryant loaned the Company $130,000, the proceeds of which were used to partially finance the Company’s payment of its allocable expenses associated with its working interest in the West Cam 225 field, described in Note 2 above. The loan beared interest on the unpaid principal amount at the rate of 6% per annum. All principal and interest were payable on December 6, 2013 and were convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock, at the option of the holder, at the rate of $0.50 per share. In December 2013, Mr. Bryant and the Company entered to an agreement to extend the due date of the loan to February 6, 2016. The Company’s obligations under the loan were secured by its working interest in the Port Hudson field. The Company also entered into an amendment to its loan agreement with Mr. Bryant dated August 14, 2013, in the original principal amount of $417,762, to provide that all principal and interest under that loan agreement were convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock, at the option of the holder, at the rate of $0.50 per share.

 

On April 3, 2015, Mr. Bryant agreed to release the security interest in the Port Hudson field as the Company engaged in negotiations to sell the property.

 

 

 

 

F-10
 

WEST TEXAS RESOURCES, INC.

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 


September 30, 2015 and 2014

 

On September 6, 2013, the Company entered into a second loan agreement with a company controlled by one of the shareholders pursuant to which the lender loaned the Company $100,000. The proceeds of which were used to partially finance the Company’s payment of its allocable expenses associated with its working interest in the West Cam 225 field, described in Note 2 above. The loan carried interest on the unpaid principal amount at the rate of 6% per annum. The Company’s obligations under the loan were secured by the Company’s working interest in the West Cam 225 field. In connection with the loan, the Company granted the lender a warrant to purchase 200,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, at an exercise price of $0.50 per share, over a two year period expiring on September 5, 2015. This note was fully paid off in April 2014.

 

The Company determined that the fair value of the above conversion options and the warrants using the Black–Scholes model with the variables listed below:

 

·Volatility: 160%

 

·Risk free rate of return: 0.01% to 0.875%

 

·Expected term: 0.25 to 4 years

 

On September 16, 2014, the Company entered into a Note purchase agreement with Lake Oswego Oil Company, LLC, an Oregon limited liability company controlled by one of the shareholders, pursuant to which the Company sold a secured promissory note in the principal amount of $50,000, for a purchase price of $50,000. Interest accrues on the unpaid principal balance of the note at the rate of six percent per annum. This note was fully paid off in the quarter ended December 31, 2014. As an inducement to the note holder to enter into this agreement, the Company also granted the note holder a warrant to purchase 100,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, and exercisable at $0.50 per share over a two year period expiring on September 16, 2019.

 

The Company determined that the fair value of the warrants using Black–Scholes model with the variable listed below:

 

·Volatility: 340%

 

·Risk free rate of return: 1.688%

 

·Expected term: 2 years

 

On September 30, 2015, Mr. Bryant agreed to convert the outstanding principal amounts of $325,146 and $130,000 and accrued interest to the Company’s common stock at $0.50 per share.

 

In connection with the issuance of the above notes, the Company recorded a note discount of $50,000 and $647,762 for the years ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively, which are to be amortized over the lives of the notes. On September 30, 2015, due to conversion of the full outstanding principal amount owed to Mr. Bryant, the related note discount was fully amortized. For the year ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, the Company recorded amortization of note discount of $337,767 and $253,607 as amortization of debt discount.

 

4. Shareholder Advances

 

During the year ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, a shareholder made advances to the Company to support its daily operations. These advances are due on demand and do not bear any interest. As of September 30, 2015 and September 30, 2014, the total outstanding amount due to the shareholder was $35,000 and $35,000, respectively.

 

During the year ended September 30, 2015, a shareholder paid a total amount of $15,000 for payment of legal fees on behalf of the Company through his personal credit line. The Company repaid $5,000 during the year ended September 30, 2015. The outstanding balance of $10,000 is due on demand and bears variable interest of 25.99%.

 

 

 

 

 

F-11
 

WEST TEXAS RESOURCES, INC.

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 


September 30, 2015 and 2014

 

 

5. Shareholders’ Equity

 

The Company is authorized to issue 200,000,000 shares of common stock, par value of $0.001, and 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value of $0.001.

 

During the year ended September 30, 2014, the Company entered into various subscription agreements with accredited investors to sell 336,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.50 per share. The total amount of $168,000 was received upon signing of the subscription agreements.

 

In September 2015, the Company entered into a subscription agreement with an accredited investor to sell 100,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.25 per share. The total amount of $25,000 was received and shares were issued in September 2015.

 

On September 30, 2015, Mr. Bryant, a shareholder and convertible note holder, agreed to convert the outstanding principal amounts of $325,146 and $130,000 due to him to the Company’s common stock at $0.50 per share. As of September 30, 2015, these shares had not been issued and was recorded as common stock payable.

 

As of September 30, 2015 and September 30, 2014, the Company had 14,515,400 and 14,415,400 shares of common stock issued and outstanding and had not issued any of its preferred stock.

 

On September 15, 2011, the Company adopted the West Texas Resources, Inc. 2011 Stock Incentive Plan (the “Plan”) providing for the grant of non-qualified stock options and incentive stock options to purchase its common stock and for grant of restricted and unrestricted grants. The Company has reserved 3,000,000 shares of its common stock under the Plan. All officers, directors, employees and consultants to the Company are eligible to participate under the Plan. The purpose of the Plan is to provide eligible participants with an opportunity to acquire an ownership interest in the Company.

 

In 2011, the Company granted options to certain consultants to purchase 400,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The options vest immediately and expire on September 15, 2016. The fair value of each share-based award was estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model or a lattice model. The fair value of these options, determined to be $65,402, was included in general and administrative expenses for the year ended September 30, 2011.

 

The following assumptions were used in the fair value method calculation:

 

·Volatility: 83%

 

·Risk free rate of return: 1%

 

·Expected term: 5 years

 

On March 7, 2014, the Company granted options to certain consultants to purchase 1,500,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, of which 200,000 options vested upon the date of grant and the balance of 1,300,000 options expired in October 2014 in connection with the termination of the consulting arrangement. The 200,000 vested options expire on March 7, 2019. The fair value of the vested options for 200,000 shares, determined to be $116,137, was recorded in general and administrative expenses for the year ended September 30, 2014.

 

 

F-12
 

WEST TEXAS RESOURCES, INC.

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 


September 30, 2015 and 2014

 

 

On March 11, 2014, the Company granted options to its officers to purchase a total of 200,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The options expire on March 11, 2019 and vest immediately. The fair value of these options determined to be $116,119 and was included in general and administrative expenses for the year ended September 30, 2014.

 

The following assumptions were used in the fair value method calculation:

 

·Volatility: 190%

 

·Risk free rate of return: 1.5%

 

·Expected term: 5 years

 

On April 16, 2015, the Company granted options to Mr. Paul Brogan, the Company’s director, to purchase a total of 200,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The options have an exercise price of $0.5 per share and expire on April 16, 2020 and 66,667 shares vest immediately with the rest vest equally on April 16, 2016 and 2017. The fair value of these options determined to be $99,712 and $47,041was amortized and included in general and administrative expenses for the year ended September 30, 2015.

 

The following assumptions were used in the fair value method calculation:

 

·Volatility: 169%

 

·Risk free rate of return: 1.375%

 

·Expected term: 5 years

The following information applies to all options outstanding at September 30, 2015:

 

·Weighted average exercise price: $0.43

 

·Options outstanding and exercisable: 897,223

 

·Average remaining life: 2.46 years

 

 

6. Income Taxes

 

Based on the available information and other factors, management believes it is more likely than not that the net deferred tax assets at September 30, 2015 and 2014 will not be fully realizable. Accordingly, management has recorded a full valuation allowance against its net deferred tax assets at September 30, 2015 and 2014. As of September 30, 2015 and 2014, the Company had federal net operating loss carry-forwards of approximately $2,400,000 and $1,300,000, respectively, expiring beginning in 2032.

 

Deferred tax assets consist of the following components:

 

   September 30,   September 30, 
   2015   2014 
           
Net loss carryforward  $840,000   $455,000 
Valuation allowance   (840,000)   (455,000)
Total deferred tax assets  $   $ 

 

 

7. Subsequent Event

 

Events subsequent to September 30, 2015 have been evaluated through the date these financial statements were issued to determine whether they should be disclosed to keep the financial statements from being misleading. Management found no subsequent events that should be disclosed.

 

F-13
 

 

 

Item 9.       Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 9A.       Controls and Procedures

 

(a)  Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.

 

Our management, with the participation of our chief executive officer and chief financial officer evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 15a-15 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Based upon that evaluation, our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, concluded that for the reasons described below our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of September 30, 2015 in ensuring all material information required to be filed has been made known in a timely manner.

 

(b)  Changes in internal control over financial reporting.

 

There were no changes to our internal control over financial reporting, as defined in Rules 15a-15(f) under the Exchange Act that occurred during the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2015 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

(c)  Management’s report on internal controls over financial reporting.

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal controls over financial reporting, as defined under Rule 15a-15(f) under the Exchange Act. Our management has assessed the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting as of September 30, 2015 based on the framework established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”). Our internal control system was designed to provide reasonable assurance to our management and board of directors regarding the preparation and fair presentation of published financial statements. An internal control material weakness is a significant deficiency, or aggregation of deficiencies, that does not reduce to a relatively low level the risk that material misstatements in financial statements will be prevented or detected on a timely basis by employees in the normal course of their work. Our management assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2015, and this assessment identified the following material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting:

 

·   Due to our small size, we do not maintain effective internal controls to assure segregation of duties as we have only one employee who is responsible for initiating and approving of transactions, thereby creating the segregation of duties weakness;
·   Our board of directors does not have an audit committee or a financial expert to maintain effective oversight of our financial reporting process; and
·   Lack of formal policies or procedures to provide assurance that relevant information is identified, captured, processed, and reported in an appropriate and timely fashion.

 

Based on that evaluation, management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of September 30, 2015.

 

This annual report does not include an attestation report of our registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by our registered public accounting firm pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permit us to provide only management’s report in this annual report.

 

Item 9B.       Other Information

 

Not applicable.

20
 

PART III

 

Item 10.       Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

Set forth below are our directors and officers.

 

Name Age Position
     
John D. Kerr 48 President, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Director
     
Paul Brogan 57 Director
     
Gordon Johnson 77 Director

 

 

Mr. Kerr has served as our chief financial officer and a member of our board of directors since our founding on December 9, 2010 and has served as our president and chief executive officer since May 2015. For over the past five years, Mr. Kerr has served as a vice president of Newport Capital Consultants, Inc. Mr.. Kerr is the son-in-law of Gary Bryant, our principal stockholder. Mr. Bryant is the chief executive officer and owner of Newport Capital Consultants, Inc. Newport Capital Consultants, Inc. is an affiliate of our company.

 

Mr. Brogan has served as a member of our board of directors since April 2015. Since January 2015, Mr. Brogan has served as president of C-Bond Systems, LLC, a Houston based business co-founded by Mr. Brogan engaged in development of technologies designed to significantly strengthen glass, increase glass flexibility and enhance the adhesion of glass-to-window film products. From January 2010 to December 2014, Mr. Brogan served as president and chief executive officer of Wintec Security, Inc., a Houston based business engaged in the business of security products. Mr. Brogan has over 30 years of experience in the oil and gas industry. From 1999 to 2010, Mr. Brogan served as president of LEXCO Energy Corporation, a Houston based oil and Gas Company. From 1998 to 1999, Mr. Brogan served on the advisory staff of R.A. Lenser and Associates, a petroleum engineering and geological consulting firm specializing in comprehensive oil and gas reserve reports, geological studies and 3-D seismic interpretation. From January 2000 to 2003, Mr. Brogan served as an advisor to the Venezuelan Ministry of Energy and Mines. From 1992 through 1998, Mr. Brogan was vice president of Rosneftegazstroy International, the former Ministry of Oil, Gas and Construction in Russia. Mr. Brogan initially started in the oil business in 1973 with Green Head Supply Company, a major supplier of oil and gas equipment, serving in the capacity of vice president responsible for financial planning, negotiations, marketing and public relations. Mr. Brogan received a degree in Business Management from Oklahoma City University in 1970.

 

Mr. Johnson has served as a member of our board of directors since November 2015. Mr. Johnson has over 40 years of experience in the oil and gas industry. Following his graduation from University of Texas, Mr. Johnson was employed by two major and two large independent oil companies, receiving experience in Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Montana, North Dakota, and Louisiana. Subsequently, he joined the ranks of the independent oil operators. He has since served as president of several oil and gas companies. During his career he has been responsible for generating geological prospects, acquisition of oil and gas leases and producing properties, generation of drilling funds, supervision of the drilling and completion of numerous oil and gas wells, and coordination of several mergers. Mr. Johnson is currently president of Bayside Corporation, a company engaged in acquiring existing wells for remediation and re-completion as well as generating development drilling prospects.

 

Audit and Compensation Committees

 

We do not have an audit or compensation committee.

 

Code of Ethics

 

We have adopted a code of ethics for all our employees, including our chief executive officer, principal financial officer and principal accounting officer or controller, and/or persons performing similar functions.

21
 

 

Limitation of Liability of Directors and Indemnification of Directors and Officers

 

Nevada corporate law provides that corporations may include a provision in their articles of incorporation relieving directors of monetary liability for breach of their fiduciary duty as directors, provided that such provision shall not eliminate or limit the liability of a director (i) for any breach of the director's duty of loyalty to the corporation or its stockholders, (ii) for acts or omissions not in good faith and which involve a breach of the director’s duty to the corporation or intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law, (iii) for unlawful payment of a dividend or unlawful stock purchase or redemption, or (iv) for any transaction from which the director derived an improper personal benefit. Our articles of incorporation provides that directors are not liable to us or our stockholders for monetary damages for breach of their fiduciary duty as directors to the fullest extent permitted by Nevada law. In addition to the foregoing, our bylaws provide that we may indemnify directors, officers, employees or agents to the fullest extent permitted by law and we have agreed to provide such indemnification to each of our directors.

 

The above provisions in our articles of incorporation and bylaws and in the written indemnity agreements may have the effect of reducing the likelihood of derivative litigation against directors and may discourage or deter stockholders or management from bringing a lawsuit against directors for breach of their fiduciary duty, even though such an action, if successful, might otherwise have benefited us and our stockholders. However, we believe that the foregoing provisions are necessary to attract and retain qualified persons as directors.

 

Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to our directors, officers and controlling persons pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, we have been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission, such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable.

 

Item 11.       Executive Compensation

 

Summary Compensation Table

 

The following table sets forth the compensation paid by us to our chief executive officer and to all other executive officers for services rendered during the fiscal years ended September 30, 2015 and 2014. In reviewing the table, please note that Mr. Jones served as our president and chief executive officer through May 2015, at which time Mr. Kerr was appointed to serve as our president and chief executive officer.

 

Name and Position

(a)

Year

(b)

Salary

(c)

Bonus

(d)

Stock

Awards

(e)

Option

Awards

(f)

All Other

Compensation

(g)

Total

(h)

               
Stephen E. Jones, President
  and CEO

2015

$28,000





$28,000
  2014 $36,000 $58,060 $94,060
               
John D. Kerr, President, CEO and CFO 2015 $41,500 $41,500
  2014 $36,000 $58,060 $94,060

 

The dollar amounts in column (f) reflect the values of options as of the grant date for the year ended September 30, 2014, in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation and, therefore, do not necessarily reflect actual benefits received by the individuals. Assumptions used in the calculation of these amounts are included in Note 5 to our audited financial statements for the year ended September 30, 2015.

 

Narrative Disclosure to Summary Compensation Table

 

We have no employment agreements with executive management. Our sole executive officer, John D. Kerr, receives a salary of $3,000 per month. Mr. Kerr is not entitled to receive any other compensatory benefits or consideration, such as medical or life insurance, car allowances or the like. At such time as Mr. Kerr provides his full business time to our company on a continuous basis, we expect to adjust upward the compensation and benefits payable to him appropriately. In March 2014, we granted to Mr. Jones and Mr. Kerr options to purchase 100,000 shares of our common stock, each, at an exercise price of $0.60 per share.

 

22
 

 

Mr. Kerr has committed to provide his full time to our company, however from our inception to date, and until such time as we receive significant additional capital, his duties to our company will not require his full business time. Until such time as he is required to provide his full time to our company, Mr. Kerr will continue to provide services on a limited basis to Newport Capital Consultants, provided that his provision of services to Newport Capital Consultants does not interfere with or otherwise impair their provision of services to our company.

 

Outstanding Equity Awards at September 30, 2015

 

Option Awards  
Name (a)  

Number of

Securities

Underlying

Unexercised

Options (#)

Exercisable

(b)

 

Number of

Securities

Underlying

Unexercised

Options (#)

Unexercisable

(c)

 

Equity

Incentive

Plan

Awards:

Number of

Securities

Underlying

Unexercised

Unearned

Options (#)

(d)

 

Option

Exercise

Price

(e)

 

Option

Expiration

Date

(mm/dd/yyyy)

(f)

 
John D. Kerr   200,000       $0.25   09/15/2016  
John D. Kerr   100,000       $0.60   09/15/2016  
                       
Stephen E. Jones   100,000       $0.60   03/11/2019  

 

Compensation of Directors

 

Upon their appointment to our board of directors, we granted to Paul Brogan and Gordon Johnson options to purchase 200,000 and 400,000 shares of our common stock, respectively. Mr. Brogan’s and Mr. Johnson’s options include exercise prices of $0.50 and $0.30 per share, respectively. Both options have a five year term and vest in equal one-third installments commencing on the date of grant and each of the first two anniversaries of the date of grant.

 

Except as described above, we have not paid any directors’ fees or other compensation to our directors for their services as directors. All of our directors receive reimbursement for out-of-pocket expenses for attending board of directors meetings. We intend to appoint additional members to the board of directors, including outside or non-officer members to the board. There are no understandings or arrangements at this time concerning the appointment of additional directors to our board, and we do not expect to be able to attract directors with significant oil and gas experience until such time as we raise significant additional capital. Any future outside directors may receive an attendance fee for each meeting of the board of directors. From time to time we may also engage certain future outside members of the board of directors to perform services on our behalf and we will compensate such persons for the services which they perform.

 

Section 16(A) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

 

Because our common stock is not registered under the Exchange Act, our officers, directors and 10% stockholders are not required to file with the SEC beneficial ownership reports under Section 16 of the Exchange Act.

23
 

 

 

Item 12        Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

The following table sets forth certain information regarding the beneficial ownership of our common stock as of the date of this memorandum by:

 

each person who is known by us to be the beneficial owner of more than five percent (5%) of our issued and outstanding shares of common stock;

 

each of our directors, executive officers and nominees to become directors; and

 

all directors and executive officers as a group.

 

 

Name and Address   Number of Shares   Percentage Owned (1)
John D. Kerr (2)(3)   400,000   2.7%
Paul Brogan   266,667   1.8%
Gordon Johnson   133,333   0.9%
Gary Bryant (4)(5)   6,735,508   43.4%
Danilo Cacciamatta (6)   1,100,000   7.6%
Suzanne Bryant (4)   1,100,400   7.6%
Directors and executive officers as a group   800,000   5.4%

 

(1)The percentage amounts for each reported person are based on 14,515,400 common shares issued and outstanding as of the date of this report.

 

(2)The address for the stockholder is 5729 Lebanon Road, Suite 144, Frisco, Texas 75034.

 

(3)The shares for John D. Kerr include 300,000 shares underlying presently exercisable options.

 

(4)Gary and Suzanne Bryant are married, however they disclaim any interest in the shares held by the other. The address for the Gary and Suzanne Bryant is 980 Noble Champions Way, Bartonville, Texas 76226.

 

(5)The shares for Gary Bryant include 1,003,508 shares to be issued to Mr. Bryant pursuant to his conversion of $501,754 of debt underlying a convertible secured promissory note at the rate of $0.50 per share.

 

(6)The address for the Danilo Cacciamatta is 1360 Temple Hills Dr., Laguna Beach, CA 92651.

 

24
 

 

Item 13.       Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

Related Party Transactions, Promoters and Director Independence

 

In addition to our executive officers and directors, Mr. Gary Bryant may be deemed to be a promoter of our company. Mr. Bryant and his wife, Suzanne Bryant, each purchased 100,000 shares of our common stock, at a purchase price of $0.25 per share, in connection with our 2011 private placement of common shares. From time to time, Mr. Bryant provides us with advances of funds. The advances are unsecured and do not accrue interest on the principal amount. During the fiscal year ended September 30, 2013, Mr. Bryant agreed to convert $41,000 of advances into 82,000 shares of our common stock at the rate of $0.50 per share. At the same time, Mr. Bryant purchased 24,000 shares of our common at a price of $0.50 per share. As of September 30, 2015 and 2014, the total outstanding amount of advances from Mr. Bryant were $45,000 and $35,000, respectively.

 

In addition to the advances provided by Mr. Bryant, during the fourth fiscal quarter of 2013 Mr. Bryant loaned us a total of $547,762 for purposes of financing a portion of the Port Hudson and West Cam 225 acquisitions, including a loan for $417,762, which bears interest on the unpaid principal amount at the rate of 8% per annum and is payable over a four year period at the amortized rate of $10,198 per month, and another loan for $130,000, which bears interest on the unpaid principal amount at the rate of 6% per annum and is payable on February 6, 2016. Our obligations under both loans are secured by our working interest in the Port Hudson field and all principal and interest under each loan is convertible, at the option of the holder, into our common shares at the rate of $0.50 per share. On September 30, 2015, Mr. Bryant converted all principal and accrued interest under both loans, totaling $501,754, into shares of our common stock at the rate of $0.50 per share.

 

On September 30, 2015, we entered into an agreement with Kiowa Oil Company to lease 100% of interests, for a period of five years, of properties in North Dakota, Florida, Illinois, and Kentucky. The total price for the subject interests under this lease agreement is $5,000 and a 15% royalty interest in all the subject interests leased. The total price will be paid by us in shares of our common stock at the per share price of $0.50. Kiowa Oil Company is a privately-held investment company controlled by Mr. Bryant.

 

Except for above-mentioned transactions, and compensation paid or payable by us to our executive officers and reported elsewhere in this report, we have not entered into any other transactions of any value with any of our directors, officers, principal stockholders, promoters or any of their family members or affiliates, including entities of which they are also officers or directors or in which they have a financial interest. We have, however, adopted a policy that any transactions that we might enter into with related parties or promoters will only be on terms consistent with industry standards and approved by a majority of the disinterested directors of our board.

 

Item 14.       Principal Accountant Fees and Services

 

The following table sets forth the aggregate fees billed to us for services rendered to us for the years ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 by our independent registered public accounting firm, Farber Hass Hurley LLP, for the audit of our consolidated financial statements for the years ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, and assistance with the reporting requirements thereof, the review of our condensed consolidated financial statements included in our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, the filing of our Form 8-K, and accounting and auditing assistance relative to acquisition accounting and reporting.

 

(amounts in thousands)  2015   2014 
Audit Fees  $54,000   $56,030 
Audit-Related Fees        
   $54,000   $56,030 

 

 

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PART IV

 

Item 15.       Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

 

(a) Financial statements

 

Reference is made to the Index and Financial Statements under Item 8 in Part II hereof where these documents are listed.

 

(b) Financial statement schedules

 

Financial statement schedules are either not required or the required information is included in the consolidated financial statements or notes thereto filed under Item 8 in Part II hereof.

 

(c) Exhibits

 

The exhibits to this Annual Report on Form 10-K are set forth below. The exhibit index indicates each management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement required to be filed as an exhibit.

 

Number   Exhibit Description   Method of Filing
         
3.1   Articles of Incorporation of the Registrant   Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed on December 9, 2011.
         
3.2   Amendment to Articles of Incorporation of the Registrant   Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Registration Statement on S-1 filed on December 9, 2011.
3.3   Bylaws of the Registrant   Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Registration Statement on S-1 filed on December 9, 2011.
10.1   West Texas Resources, Inc. 2011 Stock Incentive Plan*   Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Registration Statement on S-1 filed on December 9, 2011.
         
10.2   Lease Agreement dated August 22, 2011 between Registrant and Bay Energy Services, Inc.   Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Registration Statement on S-1 filed on December 9, 2011.
         
10.3   Form of Registration Rights Agreement dated January 24, 2011 between Registrant and Selling Stockholders   Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Registration Statement on S-1 filed on December 9, 2011.
  10.4   Assignment dated September 30, 2011 between Registrant and West Texas Royalties, Inc.   Incorporated by reference from the Amendment No. 1 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on S-1 filed on January 23, 2012.
         
10.5   Joint Operating Agreement between Registrant and West Texas Royalties, Inc.  

Incorporated by reference from the Amendment No. 1 to Registrant’s Registration Statement on S-1 filed on January 23, 2012.

 

         
10.6   Letter Agreement dated July 3, 2013 between the Registrant and Wells Fargo Energy Capital, Inc.   Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed on August 19, 2013
         
10.7   Letter Agreement dated August 1, 2013 between Registrant and Gulfex Resources, LLC   Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed on August 19, 2013
         
10.8   Loan Agreement dated August 14, 2013 between Registrant and Gary Bryant   Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed on August 19, 2013
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10.9   Promissory Note dated August 14, 2013 made by Registrant in favor of Gary Bryant   Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed on August 19, 2013
         
10.10   Letter Agreement dated August 16, 2013 between Registrant and Enovation Resources LLC.   Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed on August 19, 2013
         
10.11   Loan Agreement dated September 5, 2013 between Registrant and Gary Bryant, as amended on January 10, 2014   Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on January14, 2014
         
10.12  

Loan Agreement dated September 5, 2013 between Registrant and Lake Oswego Oil Company, LLC, as amended on January 10, 2014

 

  Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on January14, 2014
10.13   Letter Agreement dated April 15, 2014 between the Registrant and EnTek Partners, LLC   Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on April 21, 2014
         
10.14   Lease Agreement dated September 30, 2015 between Registrant and Kiowa Oil Company   Filed electronically herewith
         
14.1   West Texas Resources, Inc. Code of Ethics   Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on January 14, 2013
         
21.1   List of subsidiaries of Registrant.   Incorporated by reference from the Registrant’s Registration Statement on S-1 filed on December 9, 2011.
         
31.1   Certification under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.   Filed electronically herewith.
         
31.2   Certification under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.   Filed electronically herewith.
         
32.1   Certifications Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, 18 U.S.C. Section 1350.   Filed electronically herewith.
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document   Filed electronically herewith
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document   Filed electronically herewith
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document   Filed electronically herewith
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document   Filed electronically herewith
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document   Filed electronically herewith
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document   Filed electronically herewith

 

* Indicates management compensatory plan, contract or arrangement.

 

 

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this annual report on Form 10-K to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  WEST TEXAS RESOURCES, INC.
   
   
Date: December 30, 2015 By: /s/ John D. Kerr
    John D. Kerr,
    Chief Executive Officer

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Signature   Title   Date
         
         

 

/s/ John D. Kerr

  Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Director   December 30, 2015
John D. Kerr   (Principal Executive and Financial Officer)    
         
         
/s/Paul Brogan   Director   December 30, 2015
Paul Brogan        
         
/s/Gordon Johnson   Director   December 30, 2015
Gordon Johnson        

 

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