UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
 
 QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2020
 
OR
 
 TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 001-37969
 
ENDRA LIFE SCIENCES INC.
 (Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
 
26-0579295
(State of incorporation)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
3600 Green Court, Suite 350, Ann Arbor, MI 48105-1570
(Address of principal executive office) ( Zip code )
 
(734) 335-0468
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share
NDRA
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Warrants, each to purchase one share of Common Stock
NDRAW
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  No 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:
 
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No 
 
As of August 13, 2020, there were 20,960,993 shares of our common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, outstanding.

 
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
   
 
Page
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION     
 
   
 
 
Item 1.
Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)   
  4
   
 
 
   
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets – June 30, 2020 (unaudited) and December 31, 2019   
  4
   
 
 
   
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations – Three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)   
  5
   
 
 
   
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity (Deficit) as of June 30, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)   
  6
   
 
 
   
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows – Six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 (unaudited)
  8
   
 

   
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)    
  9
   
 
 
Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
21
 
 
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
28
 
 
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
28
 
 
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
29
 
 
Item1A.
Risk Factors
29
 
 
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
30
 
 
Item 3.
Defaults Upon Senior Securities
30
 
 
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosure
30
 
 
Item 5.
Other Information
30
 
 
 
Item 6.
Exhibits
31
 
 
 
 
Signatures
 32
 

3
 
 
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Financial Statements
ENDRA Life Sciences Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
 
 
June 30,
 
 
December 31,
 
Assets
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Assets
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
Cash
 $748,561 
 $6,174,207 
Prepaid expenses
  1,064,146 
  116,749 
Inventory
  340,687 
  113,442 
Other current assets
  121,951 
  130,701 
Total Current Assets
  2,275,345 
  6,535,099 
Other Assets
    
    
Fixed assets, net
  214,587 
  236,251 
Right of use assets
  372,720 
  404,919 
Total Assets
 $2,862,652 
 $7,176,269 
 
    
    
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
    
    
Current Liabilities
    
    
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 $1,169,237 
 $1,708,525 
Convertible notes payable, net of discount
  - 
  298,069 
Lease liabilities, current portion
  71,085 
  66,193 
Total Current Liabilities
  1240,322 
  2,072,787 
 
    
    
Long Term Debt
    
    
Loans
  337,084 
  - 
Lease liabilities
  308,366 
  342,812 
Total Long Term Debt
  645,450 
  342,812 
 
    
    
Total Liabilities
  1,885,772 
  2,415,599 
 
    
    
Stockholders’ Equity
    
    
Series A Preferred Stock , $0.0001 par value; 10,000 shares authorized; 896.225 and 6,338.490 shares issued and outstanding
  1 
  1 
Series B Preferred Stock, $0.0001 par value; 1,000 shares authorized; 0 and 351.711 shares issued and outstanding
  - 
  - 
Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 80,000,000 shares authorized; 16,437,491 and 8,421,401 shares issued and outstanding
  1,644 
  842 
Additional paid in capital
  52,227,904 
  49,933,736 
Stock payable
  181,437 
  43,528 
Accumulated deficit
  (51,434,106)
  (45,217,437)
Total Stockholders’ Equity
  976,880 
  4,760,670 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 $2,862,652 
 $7,176,269 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. 
 

4
 
 
ENDRA Life Sciences Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
 (Unaudited)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
 
June 30,
 
 
June 30,
 
 
June 30,
 
 
June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Operating Expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development
 $1,487,049 
 $1,304,808 
 $3,005,195 
 $3,078,306 
Sales and marketing
  134,763 
  88,343 
  249,718 
  145,161 
General and administrative
  1,269,467 
  932,021 
  2,737,212 
  1,848,924 
Total operating expenses
  2,891,279 
  2,325,172 
  5,992,125 
  5,072,391 
 
    
    
    
    
Operating loss
  (2,891,279)
  (2,325,172)
  (5,992,125)
  (5,072,391)
 
    
    
    
    
Other Expenses
    
    
    
    
Amortization of debt discount
  (3,858)
  - 
  (232,426)
  - 
Other income (expense)
  1,265 
  (9,199)
  7,882 
  (10,716)
Total other expenses
  (2,593)
  (9,199)
  (224,544)
  (10,716)
 
    
    
    
    
Loss from operations before income taxes
  (2,893,872)
  (2,334,371)
  (6,216,669)
  (5,083,107)
 
    
    
    
    
Provision for income taxes
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
 
    
    
    
    
Net Loss
 $(2,893,872)
 $(2,334,371)
 $(6,216,669)
 $(5,083,107)
 
    
    
    
    
Net loss per share – basic and diluted
 $(0.20)
 $(0.31)
 $(0.45)
 $(0.68)
 
    
    
    
    
Weighted average common shares – basic and diluted
  14,735,662 
  7,422,642 
  13,803,215 
  7,422,642 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 

5
 
 
ENDRA Life Sciences Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
 (Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2019
 
Series A Convertible
 
 
Series B Convertible
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
 
Common stock
 
 
Additional
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
Stockholders'
 
 
 
 Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
 Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
 Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
 Paid in Capital
 
 
Stock Payable
 
 
Deficit
 
 
 Equity
 
Balance as of March 31, 2019
  - 
 $- 
  - 
 $- 
  7,422,642 
 $742 
 $34,241,430 
 $- 
 $(30,440,432)
 $3,801,740 
Fair value of vested stock options
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  356,949 
  - 
  - 
  356,949 
Net loss
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (2,334,372)
  (2,334,372)
Balance as of June 30, 2019
  - 
 $- 
  - 
 $- 
  7,422,642 
 $742 
 $34,598,379 
 $- 
 $(32,774,804)
 $1,824,317 
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2020
 
Series A Convertible
 
 
Series B Convertible
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
 
Common stock
 
 
Additional
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
Stockholders'
 
 
 
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Paid in Capital
 
 
Stock Payable
 
 
Deficit
 
 
Equity
 
Balance as of March 31, 2020
  2,442.920 
 $1 
  121.578 
 $- 
  13,553,005 
 $1,355 
 $50,982,080 
 $78,836 
 $(48,540,234)
 $2,522,038 
Series A Convertible Preferred Stock converted to common stock
  (1,545.695)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  1,840,821 
  184 
  37,817 
  (38,001)
  - 
  - 
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock converted to common stock
  - 
  - 
  (121.578)
  - 
  126,199 
  13 
  822 
  (835)
  - 
  - 
Common stock issued for cash
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  882,493 
  88 
  791,386 
  - 
  - 
  791,474 
Common stock issued for warrant exercise
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  12,874 
  2 
  11,198 
  - 
  - 
  11,200 
Common stock issued for services
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  22,099 
  2 
  39,998 
  (40,000)
  - 
  - 
Fair value of vested stock options
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  402,946 
  - 
  - 
  402,946 
Stock Payable towards -
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
- Preference Dividend
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (11,043)
  11,043 
  - 
  - 
- Consultants
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (27,300)
  27,300 
  - 
  - 
- RSUs to board and management
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  143,094 
  - 
  143,094 
Net loss
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (2,893,872)
  (2,893,872)
Balance as of June 30, 2020
  896.225 
 $1 
  - 
 $- 
  16,437,491 
 $1,644 
 $52,227,904 
 $181,437 
 $(51,434,106)
 $976,880 
 
 
 
6
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2019
 
Series A Convertible
 
 
Series B Convertible
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
 
Common stock
 
 
Additional
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
Stockholders'
 
 
 
 Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
 Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
 Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
 Paid in Capital
 
 
Stock Payable
 
 
Deficit
 
 
 Equity
 
Balance as of December 31, 2018
  - 
 $- 
  - 
 $- 
  7,422,642 
 $742 
 $33,939,162 
 $- 
 $(27,691,696)
 $6,248,208 
Fair value of vested stock options
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  659,217 
  - 
  - 
  659,217 
Net loss
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (5,083,107)
  (5,083,107)
Balance as of June 30, 2019
  - 
 $- 
  - 
 $- 
  7,422,642 
 $742 
 $34,598,379 
 $- 
 $(32,774,803)
 $1,824,318 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
 
Series A Convertible
 
 
Series B Convertible
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
 
Common stock
 
 
Additional
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
Stockholders'
 
 
 
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Paid in Capital
 
 
Stock Payable
 
 
Deficit
 
 
Equity
 
Balance as of December 31, 2019
  6,338.490 
 $1 
  351.711 
 $- 
  8,421,401 
 $842 
 $49,933,736 
 $43,528 
 $(45,217,437)
 $4,760,670 
Series A Convertible Preferred Stock converted to common stock
  (5,442.265)
  - 
  - 
  - 
  6,361,803 
  636 
  75,288 
  (75,924)
  - 
  - 
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock converted to common stock
  - 
  - 
  351.711 
  - 
  360,279 
  36 
  1,634 
  (1,670)
  - 
  - 
Common stock issued for cash
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  882,493 
  88 
  791,386 
  - 
  - 
  791,474 
Common stock issued for note conversions
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  331,441 
  33 
  493,814 
  - 
  - 
  493,847 
Common stock issued for warrant exercise
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  57,975 
  7 
  50,431 
  - 
  - 
  50,438 
Common stock issued for services
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  22,099 
  2 
  39,998 
  - 
  - 
  40,000 
Fair value of vested stock options
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  914,026 
  - 
  - 
  914,026 
Stock Payable towards -
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
- Preference Dividend
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (45,109)
  45,109 
  - 
  - 
- Consultants
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (27,300)
  27,300 
  - 
  - 
- RSU to board and management
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  143,094 
  - 
  143,094 
Net loss
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (6,216,669)
  (6,216,669)
Balance as of June 30, 2020
  896.225 
 $1 
  - 
 $- 
  16,437,491 
 $1,644 
 $52,227,904 
 $181,437 
 $(51,434,106)
 $976,880 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 

7
 
 
ENDRA Life Sciences Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 (Unaudited) 
  
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
 
June 30,
 
 
June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 $(6,216,669)
 $(5,083,107)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
    
    
Depreciation and amortization
  44,014 
  39,744 
Common stock, options and warrants issued for services
  1,057,120 
  659,217 
Amortization of debt discount
  232,426 
    
Amortization of right of use assets
  32,199 
    
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
    
    
Prepaid expenses
  (947,397)
  (98,358)
Lease liability
  (29,554)
    
Inventory
  (227,245)
  (14,837)
Other assets
  8,750 
  (93,075)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
  (493,676)
  391,809 
Net cash used in operating activities
  (6,540,032)
  (4,198,607)
 
    
    
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
    
    
Purchases of fixed assets
  (22,350)
  (5,238)
Net cash used in investing activities
  (22,350)
  (5,238)
 
    
    
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
    
    
Proceeds from warrant exercise
  50,438 
  - 
Proceeds from loans
  337,084 
  - 
Proceeds from issuance of common stock
  791,474 
  - 
Payment for settlement of notestock 
  (42,260)
   - 
 
    
    
Net cash provided by financing activities
  1,136,736 
  - 
 
    
    
Net decrease in cash
  (5,425,646)
  (4,203,845)
 
    
    
Cash, beginning of period
  6,174,207 
  6,471,375 
 
    
    
Cash, end of period
 $748,561 
 $2,267,530 
 
    
    
Supplemental disclosures of cash items
    
    
Interest paid
 $1,920 
 $- 
 
    
    
Supplemental disclosures of non-cash items
    
    
Conversion of convertible notes and accrued interest
 $493,814 
 $- 
Conversion of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock
 $636
 $- 
Conversion of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock
 $36
 $- 
Stock dividend payable
 $(137,909
 $- 
Stock paid and payable for services
 $40,000 
 $- 
Lease liability for right of use asset at inception 
 $- 
 $439,355 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 

8
 
 
ENDRA Life Sciences Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
For the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019
(Unaudited)
 
Note 1 – Nature of the Business
 
ENDRA Life Sciences Inc. (“ENDRA” or the “Company”) has developed and is continuing to develop technology for increasing the capabilities of clinical diagnostic ultrasound, to broaden patient access to the safe diagnosis and treatment of a number of significant medical conditions in circumstances where expensive X-ray computed tomography (“CT”) and magnetic resonance imaging (“MRI”) technology is unavailable or impractical.
 
ENDRA was incorporated on July 18, 2007 as a Delaware corporation.
 
ENDRA Life Sciences Canada Inc. was organized under the laws of Ontario, Canada on July 6, 2017, and is wholly owned by the Company.
 
Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
Management makes estimates that affect certain accounts including deferred income tax assets, accrued expenses, fair value of equity instruments and reserves for any other commitments or contingencies. Any adjustments applied to estimates are recognized in the period in which such adjustments are determined.
 
The COVID-19 outbreak, which the World Health Organization has classified as a pandemic, has prompted governments and regulatory bodies throughout the world to issue “stay-at-home” or similar orders, and enact restrictions on the performance of “non-essential” services, public gatherings and travel.
 
The extent to which COVID-19 impacts the Company’s business and financial results will depend on numerous evolving factors including, but not limited to: the magnitude and duration of COVID-19, the extent to which it will impact worldwide macroeconomic conditions, the speed of the anticipated recovery, access to capital markets, and governmental and business reactions to the pandemic. The Company assessed certain accounting matters that generally require consideration of forecasted financial information in context with the information reasonably available to the Company and the unknown future impacts of COVID-19 as of June 30, 2020 and through the date of the filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The accounting matters assessed included, but were not limited to estimates related to the accounting for potential liabilities and accrued expenses, the assumptions utilized in valuing stock-based compensation issued for services, the realization of deferred tax assets, and assessments of impairment related to long-lived assets. The Company’s future assessment of the magnitude and duration of COVID-19, as well as other factors, could result in additional material impacts to the Company’s consolidated financial statements in future reporting periods.
 
Despite the Company’s efforts, the ultimate impact of COVID-19 depends on factors beyond the Company’s knowledge or control, including the duration and severity of the outbreak, as well as third-party actions taken to contain its spread and mitigate its public health effects. As a result, the Company is unable to estimate the extent to which COVID-19 will negatively impact its financial results or liquidity.
 
Principles of Consolidation
 
The Company’s consolidated financial statements include all accounts of the Company and its consolidated subsidiary and/or entities as of reporting period ending date(s) and for the reporting period(s) then ended. All inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated.
 
 
9
 
 
Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Accordingly, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the six months ended June 30, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ended December 31, 2020. The balance sheet at December 31, 2019 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date. For further information, refer to the financial statements and footnotes thereto included in ENDRA Life Sciences Inc. annual financial statements for the twelve months ended December 31, 2019 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 26, 2020.
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
The Company considers all cash on hand and in banks, including accounts in book overdraft positions, certificates of deposit and other highly-liquid investments with maturities of one year or less, when purchased, to be cash. As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had no cash equivalents. The Company maintains its cash in bank deposit accounts which, at times, may exceed federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and periodically evaluates the credit worthiness of the financial institutions and has determined the credit exposure to be negligible.
 
Inventory
 
The Company’s inventory is stated at the lower of cost or estimated net realizable value, with cost primarily determined on a weighted-average cost basis on the first-in, first-out method. The Company periodically determines whether a reserve should be taken for devaluation or obsolescence of inventory.
 
Capitalization of Fixed Assets
 
The Company capitalizes expenditures related to property and equipment, subject to a minimum rule, that have a useful life greater than one year for: (1) assets purchased; (2) existing assets that are replaced, improved or the useful lives have been extended; or (3) all land, regardless of cost. Acquisitions of new assets, additions, replacements and improvements (other than land) costing less than the minimum rule in addition to maintenance and repair costs, including any planned major maintenance activities, are expensed as incurred.
 
Leases
 
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases.” ASU 2016-02 requires a lessee to record a right of use asset and a corresponding lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. ASU 2016-02 is effective for all interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for lessees for capital and operating leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest period presented in the financial statements. At June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 the Company recorded a liability of $379,451 and $409,005, respectively.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (“ASC Topic 606”). This standard provides a single set of guidelines for revenue recognition to be used across all industries and requires additional disclosures. The updated guidance introduces a five-step model to achieve its core principal of the entity recognizing revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers at an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The Company adopted the updated guidance effective January 1, 2018 using the full retrospective method. The new standard did not have a material impact on its financial position and results of operations, as it did not change the manner or timing of recognizing revenue.
 
Under ASC Topic 606, in order to recognize revenue, the Company is required to identify an approved contract with commitments to perform respective obligations, identify rights of each party in the transaction regarding goods to be transferred, identify the payment terms for the goods transferred, verify that the contract has commercial substance and verify that collection of substantially all consideration is probable. The adoption of ASC Topic 606 did not have an impact on the Company’s operations or cash flows.
 
Research and Development Costs
 
The Company follows FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Subtopic 730-10, “Research and Development”. Research and development costs are charged to the statement of operations as incurred. During the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company incurred $3,005,195 and $3,078,306 of expenses related to research and development costs, respectively.
 
 
10
 
 
Net Earnings (Loss) Per Common Share
 
The Company computes earnings per share under ASC Subtopic 260-10, “Earnings Per Share”. Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing the net income (loss) attributable to the common stockholders (the numerator) by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding (the denominator) during the reporting periods. Diluted loss per share is computed by increasing the denominator by the weighted average number of additional shares that could have been outstanding from securities convertible into common stock (using the “treasury stock” method), unless their effect on net loss per share is anti-dilutive. There were 1,030,144 and 24,949,725 potentially dilutive shares, which include shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise or conversion of outstanding preferred stock, stock options, warrants, and convertible notes, as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.
 
The potentially dilutive shares, which are excluded from the determination of basic and diluted net loss per share as their effect is anti-dilutive, are as follows:
 
 
 
June 30,
2020
 
 
December 31,
2019
 
Options to purchase common stock
  3,575,775 
  3,449,319 
Warrants to purchase common stock
  13,323,699 
  13,496,924 
Shares issuable upon conversion of notes
  - 
  362,568 
Shares issuable upon conversion of Series A Preferred Stock
  1,030,144 
  7,285,651 
Shares issuable upon conversion of Series B Preferred Stock
  - 
  355,263 
Potentially dilutive shares excluded
  17,929,618 
  24,949,725 
 
Fair Value Measurements
 
Disclosures about fair value of financial instruments require disclosure of the fair value information, whether or not recognized in the balance sheet, where it is practicable to estimate that value.
 
In accordance with ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” the Company measures certain financial instruments at fair value on a recurring basis. ASC Topic 820 defines fair value, established a framework for measuring fair value in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements.
 
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. ASC Topic 820 established a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). These tiers include:
 
 Level 1, defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets;
 
 Level 2, defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable such as quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets or quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and
 
 Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions, such as valuations derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs or significant value drivers are unobservable.
 
Financial assets are considered Level 3 when their fair values are determined using pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies or similar techniques and at least one significant model assumption or input is unobservable.
 
The carrying amounts of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities, including cash, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses, accounts payable, accrued expenses, and other current liabilities, approximate their fair values because of the short maturity of these instruments. The fair value of notes payable and convertible notes approximates their fair values since the current interest rates and terms on these obligations are the same as prevailing market rates.
 
 
11
 
 
Share-based Compensation
 
The Company’s 2016 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “Omnibus Plan”) permits the grant of stock options and other share-based awards to its employees, consultants and non-employee members of the board of directors. Each January 1 the pool of shares available for issuance under the Omnibus Plan automatically increases by an amount equal to the lesser of (i) the number of shares necessary such that the aggregate number of shares available under the Omnibus Plan equals 25% of the number of fully-diluted outstanding shares on the increase date (assuming the conversion of all outstanding shares of preferred stock and other outstanding convertible securities and exercise of all outstanding options and warrants to purchase shares) and (ii) if the board of directors takes action to set a lower amount, the amount determined by the board. On January 1, 2020, the pool of shares issuable under the Omnibus Plan automatically increased by 3,202,280 shares from 2,649,378 shares to 5,861,658. As of June 30, 2020, there were 2,285,883 shares of common stock remaining available for issuance under the Omnibus Plan.
 
The Company records share-based compensation in accordance with the provisions of the Share-based Compensation Topic of the FASB Codification. The guidance requires the use of option-pricing models that require the input of highly subjective assumptions, including the option’s expected life and the price volatility of the underlying stock. The fair value of each option grant is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option valuation model, and the resulting charge is expensed using the straight-line attribution method over the vesting period.
 
Stock compensation expense recognized during the period is based on the value of share-based awards that were expected to vest during the period adjusted for estimated forfeitures. The estimated fair value of grants of stock options and warrants to non-employees of the Company is charged to expense, if applicable, in the financial statements. These options vest in the same manner as the employee options granted under the stock incentive plan as described above.
 
Debt Discount
 
The Company determines if its outstanding convertible promissory notes should be accounted for as liability or equity under ASC Topic 480, “Liabilities — Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity.” ASC Topic 480 applies to certain contracts involving a company’s own equity, and requires that issuers classify the following freestanding financial instruments as liabilities: mandatorily redeemable financial instruments, obligations that require or may require repurchase of the issuer’s equity shares by transferring assets (e.g., written put options and forward purchase contracts), and certain obligations where at inception the monetary value of the obligation is based solely or predominantly on:
 
● A fixed monetary amount known at inception (for example, a payable settleable with a variable number of the issuer’s equity shares with an issuance date fair value equal to a fixed dollar amount);
 
● Variations in something other than the fair value of the issuer’s equity shares (for example, a financial instrument indexed to the S&P 500 and settleable with a variable number of the issuer’s equity shares); or
 
● Variations inversely related to changes in the fair value of the issuer’s equity shares (for example, a written put that could be net share settled).
 
Beneficial Conversion Feature
 
If the conversion feature of conventional convertible debt provides for a rate of conversion that is below market value on the date of issuance, this feature is characterized as a beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”). A BCF is recorded by the Company as a debt discount pursuant to ASC Topic 470-20 “Debt with Conversion and Other Options.” In those circumstances, the convertible debt is recorded net of the discount related to the BCF and the Company amortizes the discount to interest expense over the life of the debt using the effective interest method.
 
If the Company determines the instrument meets the guidance under ASC Topic 480, the instrument is accounted for as a liability with a respective debt discount. The Company has previously recorded debt discounts in connection with raising funds through the issuance of promissory notes. These costs are amortized to noncash interest expense over the life of the debt. If a conversion of the underlying debt occurs, a proportionate share of the unamortized amounts is immediately expensed. See Note 6, Convertible Notes, for further discussion on the Company’s accounting treatment for the convertible notes.
 
Going Concern
 
The Company’s financial statements are prepared using accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) applicable to a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company has limited commercial experience and had a cumulative net loss from inception to June 30, 2020 of $51,434,106. The Company had working capital of $1,035,023 as of June 30, 2020. The Company has not established an ongoing source of revenue sufficient to cover its operating costs and to allow it to continue as a going concern. The accompanying financial statements for the period ended June 30, 2020 have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. The Company’s cash resources will likely be insufficient to meet its anticipated needs during the next twelve months. The Company will require additional financing to fund its future planned operations, including research and development and commercialization of its products.
 
 
12
 
 
The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent on the Company obtaining adequate capital to fund operating losses until it establishes a revenue stream and becomes profitable. Management’s plans to continue as a going concern include raising additional capital through sales of equity securities and borrowing. However, management cannot provide any assurances that the Company will be successful in accomplishing any of its plans. As described further below under “Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted our business operations to some extent and is expected to continue to do so and, in light of the effect of such pandemic on financial markets, these impacts may include reduced access to capital. If the Company is not able to obtain the necessary additional financing on a timely basis, the Company will be required to delay, reduce the scope of or eliminate one or more of the Company’s research and development activities or commercialization efforts or perhaps even cease the operation of its business. The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent upon its ability to successfully secure other sources of financing and attain profitable operations. There is substantial doubt about the ability of the Company to continue as a going concern for one year from the issuance of the accompanying consolidated financial statements. The accompanying consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
The Company considered recent accounting pronouncements issued by the FASB, including its Emerging Issues Task Force, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and the SEC, did not or in management’s opinion will not have a material impact on the Company’s present or future consolidated financial statements.
 
Note 3 – Inventory
 
As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, inventory consisted of raw materials and subassemblies to be used in the assembly of a TAEUS system. As of June 30, 2020, the Company had no orders pending for the sale of a TAEUS system. As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had inventory valued at $340,687 and $113,442, respectively.
 
Note 4 – Fixed Assets
 
As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, fixed assets consisted of the following:
 
 
 
June 30,
2020
 
 
December 31,
2019
 
Property, leasehold and capitalized software
 $684,418 
 $679,179 
TAEUS development and testing
  60,708 
  43,596 
Accumulated depreciation
  (530,539)
  (486,524)
Fixed assets, net
 $214,587 
 $236,251 
 
Depreciation expense for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 was $44,014 and $39,744, respectively.
 
 
13
 
 
Note 5 – Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities
 
As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, current liabilities consisted of the following:
 
 
 
June 30,
2020
 
 
December 31,
2019
 
Accounts payable
 $495,319 
 $1,278,431 
Accrued payroll
  159,435 
  94,862 
Accrued bonuses
  194,227 
  295,794 
Accrued employee benefits
  5,750 
  5,750 
Accrued interest
  - 
  9,738 
Insurance premium financing
  314,506 
  23,950 
Total
 $1,169,237 
 $1,708,525 
 
Note 6 – Convertible Notes
 
July 2019 Notes
 
On July 26, 2019 the Company conducted a private placement offering in which the Company sold senior secured convertible promissory notes (the “July 2019 Notes”) and warrants exercisable for shares of the Company’s common stock (the “July 2019 Warrants”) to accredited investors for a purchase price approximately $2.8 million. The purchase price covered the purchase of $2,587,895 aggregate principal amount of July 2019 Notes and July 2019 Warrants exercisable for an aggregate of 1,736,843 shares of common stock. The net proceeds to the Company were approximately $2.5 million, after deducting placement agent fees and other offering expenses.
 
The Company sold the July 2019 Notes and July 2019 Warrants pursuant to a Securities Purchase Agreement, dated July 26, 2019, between the Company and each purchaser. The July 2019 Notes bore interest at a rate of 10% per annum until maturity on April 26, 2020. Interest was paid in arrears on the outstanding principal amount on the three month anniversary of the issuance of the July 2019 Notes, and each three month period thereafter, and finally on the maturity date. Holders of July 2019 Notes were entitled to convert principal and accrued, unpaid interest on the July 2019 Notes into shares of common stock. The July 2019 Notes were convertible into common stock at a conversion price per share equal to $1.49 and were initially convertible into 1,736,843 shares of common stock.
 
Each July 2019 Warrant entitles the holder to purchase one share of common stock for an exercise price per share equal to $1.49. The July 2019 Warrants are exercisable for an aggregate of 1,736,843 shares of common stock commencing immediately upon issuance and expire July 26, 2022. The July 2019 Warrants provide for cashless exercise and customary anti-dilution protection. The terms of the Placement Agent Warrant (as defined below) are the same as those of the July 2019 Warrants.
 
National Securities Corporation (the “Placement Agent”) acted as placement agent in the offering pursuant to a Placement Agent Agreement, dated July 9, 2019 (the “Placement Agent Agreement”). Pursuant to the Placement Agent Agreement, the Company paid to the Placement Agent a commission of 10% of the gross proceeds from the offering, reimbursed $30,000 of the Placement Agent’s expenses and issued to the Placement Agent a warrant exercisable for 173,685 shares of common stock (the “Placement Agent Warrant”). 
  
On December 11, 2019, the Company completed an offering of its Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (“Series A Preferred Stock”), described below under Note 8. In connection with the offering, the Company retired $1,919,008 aggregate principal amount of the July 2019 Notes and $24,184 in accrued interest, which amounts were used by the noteholders to purchase an aggregate of 1,690.58 shares of Series A Preferred Stock.
 
As of June 30, 2020, the Company had converted or repaid all of the July 2019 Notes.
 
 
14
 
 
Note 7 – Bank Loans
 
U.S. SBA Paycheck Protection Program
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company issued a U.S. Small Business Administration (“SBA”) Paycheck Protection Program Note (the “SBA Note”) to First Republic Bank (the “Lender”) for a loan in the amount of $308,600.00 (the “SBA Loan”) under the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) promulgated under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act of 2020, as modified by the Paycheck Protection Program Flexibility Act of 2020. The SBA Loan bears interest at a rate per annum of 1.00%. The term of the SBA Loan is two years, ending April 22, 2022 (the “Maturity Date”). No payments will be due on the SBA Loan until the Company’s application for forgiveness of the SBA Loan has been processed and completed (the “Deferment Period”), but interest will accrue during the Deferment Period. Following the Deferment Period, if the SBA Loan is not entirely forgiven, the Company must pay monthly principal and interest payments on the outstanding principal balance of the SBA Loan amortized over the term of the SBA Loan (the “SBA Loan Payments”), unless forgiven in whole or in part in accordance with the PPP regulations. These repayments will begin following the Deferment Period and until the Maturity Date.
 
The Company may apply to the Lender for the SBA Loan to be forgiven partially or fully if the funding received is used during the 24-week period following disbursement for payroll costs, covered rent, and covered utilities, provided that at least 60% of the forgiven amount has been used for payroll costs. We believe that we qualify for forgiveness of the SBA Loan under the PPP guidelines, but should we be audited or reviewed as a result of applying for forgiveness or otherwise, such audit or review could result in the diversion of management’s time and attention, and legal and reputational costs. If we were to be audited and receive an adverse finding in such audit, we could be required to repay the full amount of the SBA Loan, which could reduce our liquidity, and potentially subject us to additional fines and penalties.
 
The Company may prepay the principal of the SBA Loan at any time without incurring any prepayment charges. The Company may prepay 20% or less of the unpaid principal balance at any time without notice. If the Company prepays more than 20% and the SBA Loan has been sold on the secondary market, the Company must provide the Lender with written notice, pay all accrued interest and comply with the other requirements described in the SBA Note for such repayment.
 
The Company did not provide any collateral or personal guarantees for the SBA Loan, nor did the Company pay any facility charge to the government or to the Lender.
 
The SBA Note also provides for customary events of default, including, among others, events of default relating to failure to make payment or comply with the covenants contained in the SBA Note and related loan documents, defaults on any other loan with the Lender, defaults on any loan or agreement with another creditor (if the Lender believes the default may materially affect the Company’s ability pay the SBA Note), failure to pay any taxes when due, bankruptcy, breaches of representations, judgment, reorganization, merger, consolidation or other changes in ownership or business structure without the Lender’s prior written consent, and material adverse changes in financial condition or business operation. Upon an event of default the Lender may require immediate payment of all amounts owing under the SBA Note, collect all amounts owing from the Company, or file suit and obtain judgment.
 
Toronto-Dominion Bank Loan
 
On April 27, 2020, we entered into a commitment loan with TD Bank under the Canadian Emergency Business Account (“CEBA”), in the principal aggregate amount of CAD40,000, which is due and payable on December 31, 2022. This note bears interest on the unpaid balance at the rate of zero percent (0%) per annum during the initial term. Under this note no interest or principal payments are due until January 1, 2023. Under the conditions of the loan, twenty-five percent (25%) of the loan will be forgiven if seventy-five percent (75%) is repaid prior to the initial term date.
 
Note 8 – Capital Stock
 
On June 17, 2020, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment to its Fourth Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware effecting an amendment to increase the number of authorized shares of the Company’s common stock from 50,000,000 shares to 80,000,000 shares. The Certificate of Amendment was approved by the Company’s stockholders at the Company’s annual meeting of stockholders on June 16, 2020.
 
At June 30, 2020, the authorized capital of the Company consisted of 90,000,000 shares of capital stock, consisting of 80,000,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.0001 per share and 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock with a par value of $0.0001 per share. The Company has designated 10,000 shares of its preferred stock as Series A Preferred Stock and 1,000 shares of its preferred stock as Series B Preferred Stock, and the remainder of 9,989,000 shares remain authorized but undesignated.
 
As of June 30, 2020, there were 16,437,491 shares of common stock, 896.225 shares of Series A Preferred Stock, and no shares of Series B Preferred Stock issued and outstanding, and a stock payable balance of $181,437.
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company issued 6,361,803 shares of its common stock upon the conversion of 5,442.265 shares of its Series A Preferred Stock, and 360,279 shares of its common stock upon the conversion of 351.711 shares of its Series B Preferred Stock.
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company issued 331,441 shares of its common stock upon the conversion of $493,847 principal amount of, and in respect of accrued interest on, July 2019 Notes.
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company issued 57,975 shares of its common stock upon warrant exercises valued at $50,438.
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company issued or agreed to issue a total 52,099 shares of its common stock to consultants pursuant to services agreements with these consultants.
 
 
15
 
 
December 2019 Offering of Series A Preferred Stock, Common Stock and Warrants
 
On December 11, 2019, the Company completed a private placement offering in which it sold 6,338.490 shares of its Series A Preferred Stock and 904,526 shares of its common stock, along with warrants (the “December 11, 2019 Warrants”) exercisable for an aggregate of 8,190,225 shares of common stock, for approximately $7.9 million of gross proceeds. The offering was made pursuant to a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”), dated as of December 5, 2019, between the Company and the investors. Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, each investor elected whether to receive shares of Series A Preferred Stock or shares of common stock in the offering. The Company used approximately $1.9 million of the net proceeds from the offering to repay debt represented by July 2019 Notes and plans to use the remaining net proceeds for working capital and general corporate purposes.
 
The simple average of the Daily VWAP (as defined in the Series A Certificate of Designations) for the 10 consecutive trading days from January 8, 2020 to January 22, 2020, inclusive, was $1.82, satisfying the first Forced Conversion Condition. On January 27, 2020, the SEC declared effective the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-235883) registering under the Securities Act the resale of the shares of common stock issuable upon the conversion of Series A Preferred Stock, shares of common stock issued in the offering, and shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of December 11, 2019 Warrants and December 11, 2019 Warrants.
 
Each December 11, 2019 Warrant entitles the holder to purchase a share of common stock for an exercise price equal to $0.87. The December 11, 2019 Warrants are exercisable commencing immediately upon issuance and expire on the date five years after the date of issuance, unless earlier terminated pursuant to the terms of the December 11, 2019 Warrant. If, during the term of the December 11, 2019 Warrants, the Series A Forced Conversion Conditions are met, the Company may deliver notice thereof to the holders of the December 11, 2019 Warrants and, after a 30-day period following such notice, any unexercised December 11, 2019 Warrants will be forfeited. The December 11, 2019 Warrants provide for cashless exercise only if there is no effective registration statement registering under the Securities Act the resale of the shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the December 11, 2019 Warrants. As described in the preceding paragraph, the Series A Forced Conversion Conditions have been met with respect to the December 11, 2019 Warrants.
 
The Securities Purchase Agreement, dated December 5, 2019, includes customary representations, warranties and covenants. In connection with the offering, the Company paid to the placement agent a commission of 8.0% of the gross proceeds from the offering, will reimburse up to $35,000 of the placement agent’s documented expenses and issued to the placement agent and its designees warrants exercisable for an aggregate of 327,606 shares of Common Stock (the “Series A Placement Agent Warrant”). The terms of the Series A Placement Agent Warrant are the same as those of the December 11, 2019 Warrants.
 
Series A Preferred Stock Deemed Dividend, Beneficial Conversion Calculation
 
After factoring in the relative fair value of the warrants issued in conjunction with the Series A Preferred Stock, the effective conversion price is $0.45 per share, compared to the market price of $0.90 per share on the date of issuance. As a result, a $4,208,612 beneficial conversion feature was recorded as a deemed dividend in the consolidated statement of operations because the Series A Preferred Stock is immediately convertible, with a credit to additional paid-in capital. The relative fair value of the warrants issued with the Series A Preferred Stock of $2,766,941 was recorded as a reduction to the carrying amount of the preferred stock in the consolidated balance sheet. The value of the warrants was determined utilizing the binomial option pricing model using a term of 5 years, a volatility of 114%, a risk-free interest rate of 1.64%, a 6% rate of dividends, and a call multiple of 2.
 
December 2019 Offering of Series B Preferred Stock and Warrants
 
On December 19, 2019, the Company completed a private placement offering in which the Company sold 351.711 shares of its Series B Preferred Stock and warrants (the “December 19, 2019 Warrants”) exercisable for an aggregate of 426,316 shares of the Company’s common stock to the investors for approximately $405,000 of gross proceeds. The Company plans to use the net proceeds from the offering for working capital and general corporate purposes.
 
The average daily VWAP requirement of the Series B Forced Conversion Conditions relating to daily volume-weighted average price of our Common Stock has not yet been satisfied. On January 27, 2020, the SEC declared effective the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-235883) registering under the Securities Act the resale of the shares of common stock issuable upon the conversion of Series B Preferred Stock and upon the exercise of December 19, 2019 Warrants.
 
Each December 19, 2019 Warrant entitles the holder to purchase a share of common stock for an exercise price equal to $0.99. The December 19, 2019 Warrants are exercisable commencing immediately upon issuance and expire on the date five years after the date of issuance, unless earlier terminated pursuant to the terms of the December 19, 2019 Warrant. If, during the term of the December 19, 2019 Warrants, the Series B Forced Conversion Conditions are met, the Company may deliver notice thereof to the holders of the December 19, 2019 Warrants and, after a 30-day period following such notice, any unexercised December 19, 2019 Warrants will be forfeited. The December 19, 2019 Warrants provide for cashless exercise in the event there is no effective registration statement registering under the Securities Act the resale of the shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of such December 19, 2019 Warrants.
 
The Securities Purchase Agreement, dated December 19, 2019, includes customary representations, warranties and covenants. In connection with the closing of the offering, the Company paid to the placement agent in the offering a commission of approximately 8.0% of the gross proceeds from the offering and issued to the placement agent and its designees warrants exercisable for an aggregate of 14,211 shares of common stock (the “Series B Placement Agent Warrant”). The terms of the Series B Placement Agent Warrant are the same as those of the Warrants.
 
 
16
 
 
Series B Preferred Stock Deemed Dividend, Beneficial Conversion Calculation
 
After factoring in the relative fair value of the warrants issued in conjunction with the Series B Preferred Stock, the effective conversion price is $0.03 per share, compared to the market price of $1.36 per share on the date of issuance. As a result, a $11,165 beneficial conversion feature was recorded as a deemed dividend in the consolidated statement of operations because the Series B Preferred Stock is immediately convertible, with a credit to additional paid-in capital. The relative fair value of the warrants issued with the Series B Preferred Stock of $364,355 was recorded as a reduction to the carrying amount of the preferred stock in the consolidated balance sheet. The value of the warrants was determined utilizing the binomial option pricing model using a term of 5 years, a volatility of 118%, a risk-free interest rate of 1.75%, a 0% rate of dividends, and a call multiple of 2.
 
Note 9 – Common Stock Options and Restricted Stock Units (RSU’s)
 
Common Stock Options
 
Stock options are awarded to the Company’s employees, consultants and non-employee members of the board of directors under the 2016 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “Omnibus Plan”) and are generally granted with an exercise price equal to the market price of the Company’s common stock at the date of grant. The aggregate fair value of these stock options granted by the Company during the six months ended June 30, 2020 was determined to be $185,602 using the Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 116% to 119%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 10 years. A summary of option activity under the Company’s Omnibus Plan as of June 30, 2020, and changes during the year then ended, is presented below:
 
 
 
Number of Options
 
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price
 
 
Weighted AverageRemaining Contractual Term (Years)
 
Balance outstanding at December 31, 2019
  3,449,319 
 $2.32 
  8.26 
Granted
  130,418 
  0.24 
  9.60 
Exercised
  - 
  - 
  - 
Forfeited
  - 
  - 
  - 
Cancelled or expired
  (3,962)
  - 
  - 
Balance outstanding at June 30, 2020
  3,575,775 
 $2.28 
  7.84 
Exercisable at June 30, 2020
  852,210 
 $4.75 
  4.98 
 
Restricted Stock Units
 
A restricted stock unit grants a participant the right to receive one share of common stock, following the completion of the requisite service period. Restricted stock units are classified as equity. Compensation cost is based on the Company’s stock price on the grant date and is recognized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period for the entire award.
 
As a cash-conserving measure taken in light of the adverse economic conditions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company reduced the cash salaries of members of management by 33% for the remainder of 2020, including the salaries of its named executive officers. In lieu of cash, the Company is paying this portion of management salaries in the form of restricted stock units (the “RSU’s”) that vest over the remainder of the year. Additionally, the Company amended its Non-Employee Director Compensation Policy to provide that its non-employee directors’ annual retainers for the second, third and fourth fiscal quarters of 2020 will also be paid in in the form of RSU’s rather than cash.
 
On April 9, 2020, the Company granted 674,019 RSU’s to non-employee directors and certain members of management. The 461,146 RSU’s granted to management vest daily over the term through December 31, 2020. The 212,873 RSU’s granted to directors’ vest in three equal quarterly installments on the last date of the second, third and fourth fiscal quarters of 2020. The total fair value of the RSU’s granted on April 9, 2020 was $471,813, based on the grant date closing price of $0.70 per share.
 
 
17
 
 
As of June 30, 2020 the Company had issued and vested the following RSU’s:
 
 
 
Restricted Stock
Units Outstanding
 
 
Weighted Average
Grant Date Fair Value
 
Balance Outstanding at December 31, 2019
  - 
 $- 
Granted
  674,019 
  0.70 
Vested / Released
  (217,293)
  - 
Forfeited
  - 
  - 
Cancelled or expired
  - 
  - 
Balance outstanding at June 30, 2020
  456,726 
 $0.70 
 
Note 10 – Common Stock Warrants
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company issued an aggregate of 57,975 shares of its common stock upon warrant exercises valued at $50,438.
 
The following table summarizes all stock warrant activity of the Company for the six months ended June 30, 2020:
 
 
 
Number of Warrants
 
 
Weighted AverageExercise Price
 
 
Weighted AverageContractual Term (Years)
 
Balance outstanding at December 31, 2019
  13,496,924 
 $2.02 
  4.07 
Granted
  - 
  - 
  - 
Exercised
  (57,975)
  0.87 
  4.45 
Forfeited
  - 
  - 
  - 
Expired
  (115,250)
  - 
  - 
Balance outstanding at June 30, 2020
  13,323,699 
 $1.88 
  3.60 
Exercisable at June 30, 2020
  13,323,699 
 $1.88 
  3.60 
 
 
 
18
 
 
Note 11 – Commitments & Contingencies
 
Office Lease
 
Effective January 1, 2015, the Company entered into an office lease agreement with Green Court, LLC, a Michigan limited liability company, for approximately 3,657 rentable square feet of space, for the initial monthly rent of $5,986, which commenced on January 1, 2015 for an initial term of 60 months. On October 10, 2017 this lease was amended increasing the rentable square feet of space to 3,950 and the monthly rent to $7,798. On July 16, 2019, the Company exercised its option to extend the lease for an additional 5 years past the initial term originally expiring on December 31, 2019, such that the lease now expires on December 31, 2024.
 
The Company records the lease asset and lease liability at the present value of lease payments over the lease term. The lease typically does not provide an implicit rate; therefore, the Company uses its estimated incremental borrowing rate at the time of lease commencement to discount the present value of lease payments. The Company’s discount rate for operating leases at June 30, 2020 was 10%. Lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term to the extent that collection is considered probable. As a result, the Company has been recognizing rents as they become payable based on the adoption of ASC Topic 842. The weighted-average remaining lease term is 4.67 years.
 
As of June 30, 2020, the maturities of operating lease liabilities are as follows:
 
 
 
Operating Lease
 
2020
 $49,395 
2021
  101,752 
2022
  104,793 
2023
  107,954 
2024 and beyond
  111,192 
Total
 $475,086 
Less: amount representing interest
  (95,635)
Present value of future minimum lease payments
  379,451 
Less: current obligations under leases
  71,085 
Long-term lease obligations
 $308,366 
 
For the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company incurred rent expenses of $30,615 and $29,319, respectively.
For the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company incurred rent expenses of $60,903 and $52,507, respectively.
 
Employment and Consulting Agreements
 
Francois Michelon – Effective May 12, 2017, the Company entered into an amended and restated employment agreement with Francois Michelon, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the board of directors. The term of the employment agreement runs through December 31, 2019 and continues on a year-to-year basis thereafter. The employment agreement provides for an annual base salary that is subject to adjustment at the board of directors’ discretion. The annual base salary in effect during the period covered by this Form 10-Q was $355,350. Under the employment agreement, Mr. Michelon is eligible for an annual cash bonus based upon achievement of performance-based objectives established by the board of directors. Pursuant to Mr. Michelon’s employment agreement, in connection with the closing of the Company’s initial public offering he was granted options to purchase an aggregate 339,270 shares of common stock. The options have a weighted average exercise price of $4.96 per share of common stock and vest in three equal annual installments beginning on May 12, 2018. Upon termination without cause, any portion of Mr. Michelon’s option award scheduled to vest within 12 months will automatically vest, and upon termination without cause within 12 months following a change of control, the entire unvested portion of the option award will automatically vest. Upon termination for any other reason, the entire unvested portion of the option award will terminate.
 
If Mr. Michelon’s employment is terminated by the Company without cause, Mr. Michelon will be entitled to receive 12 months’ continuation of his current base salary and a lump sum payment equal to 12 months of continued healthcare coverage (or 24 months’ continuation of his current base salary and a lump sum payment equal to 24 months of continued healthcare coverage if such termination occurs within one year following a change in control).
 
Under his employment agreement, Mr. Michelon is eligible to receive benefits that are substantially similar to those of the Company’s other senior executive officers.
 
On December 27, 2019, the Company entered into an amendment to Mr. Michelon’s employment agreement to provide that (i) Mr. Michelon’s employment with the Company will continue until terminated under the terms the employment agreements, and (ii) Mr. Michelon will each receive certain payments if he is terminated by the Company without Cause (as defined in the employment agreement amendment) or he resigns for Good Reason (as defined in the employment agreement amendment).
 
On April 9, 2020, the Company granted Mr. Michelon 123,064 restricted stock units in lieu of $86,145 of his cash salary. Subject to continued employment, the restricted stock units vest each day, pro rata based on the number of days between the grant date and December 31, 2020.
 
 
19
 
 
Michael Thornton – Effective May 12, 2017, the Company entered into an amended and restated employment agreement with Michael Thornton, the Company’s Chief Technology Officer. The term of the employment agreement runs through December 31, 2019 and continues on a year-to-year basis thereafter. The employment agreement provides for an annual base salary that is subject to adjustment at the board of directors’ discretion. The annual base salary in effect during the period covered by this Form 10-Q was $267,800. Under the employment agreement, Mr. Thornton is eligible for an annual cash bonus based upon achievement of performance-based objectives established by the board of directors. Pursuant to Mr. Thornton’s employment agreement, in connection with the closing of the Company’s initial public offering he was granted options to purchase an aggregate 345,298 shares of common stock. The options have a weighted average exercise price of $4.96 per share of common stock and vest in three equal annual installments beginning on May 12, 2018. Upon termination without cause, any portion of Mr. Thornton’s option award scheduled to vest within 12 months will automatically vest, and upon termination without cause within 12 months following a change of control, the entire unvested portion of the option award will automatically vest. Upon termination for any other reason, the entire unvested portion of the option award will terminate.
 
If Mr. Thornton’s employment is terminated by the Company without cause, Mr. Thornton will be entitled to receive 12 months’ continuation of his current base salary and a lump sum payment equal to 12 months of continued healthcare coverage (or 24 months’ continuation of his current base salary and a lump sum payment equal to 24 months of continued healthcare coverage if such termination occurs within one year following a change in control).
 
Under his employment agreement, Mr. Thornton is eligible to receive benefits that are substantially similar to those of the Company’s other senior executive officers.
 
On December 27, 2019, the Company entered into an amendment to Mr. Thornton’s employment agreement to provide that (i) Mr. Thornton’s employment with the Company will continue until terminated under the terms the employment agreements, and (ii) Mr. Thornton will each receive certain payments if he is terminated by the Company without Cause (as defined in the employment agreement amendment) or he resigns for Good Reason (as defined in the employment agreement amendment).
 
On April 9, 2020, the Company granted Mr. Thornton 96,213 restricted stock units in lieu of $67,349 of his cash salary. Subject to continued employment, the restricted stock units vest each day, pro rata based on the number of days between the grant date and December 31, 2020.
 
David Wells – On May 12, 2017, the Company entered into a consulting agreement with StoryCorp Consulting (“StoryCorp”), pursuant to which David Wells provided services to the Company as its Chief Financial Officer. Pursuant to the consulting agreement, the Company paid to StoryCorp a monthly fee of $9,000, and in May 2018 this monthly fee was increased to $9,540. Additionally, pursuant to the consulting agreement, the Company granted to Mr. Wells a stock option to purchase 15,000 shares of common stock in connection with the closing of the Company’s initial public offering, having an exercise price per share equal to $5.00 and vesting in twelve equal quarterly installments, and, for so long as the consulting agreement was in place, granted to Mr. Wells a stock option to purchase the same number of shares of common stock with the same terms on each annual anniversary of the date of the consulting agreement. In May 2018, the annual stock option amount was increased and on December 13, 2018, Mr. Wells was granted options to purchase an additional 35,000 shares of common stock.
 
On May 13, 2019, the Company entered into an employment agreement with David Wells that supersedes the consulting agreement between the Company and StoryCorp. The employment agreement provides for an annual base salary of $230,000 and eligibility for an annual cash bonus to be paid based on attainment of Company and individual performance objectives to be established by the Company’s board of directors (in 2019, the amount of such cash bonus if all goals were achieved would be 30% of the base salary plus base fees paid to StoryCorp under the consulting agreement). The employment agreement also provides for eligibility to receive benefits substantially similar to those of the Company’s other senior executive officers.
 
Pursuant to the employment agreement, on May 13, 2019 Mr. Wells was granted stock options to purchase 56,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The stock options have an exercise price of $1.38 per share, and vest in three equal annual installments beginning on the first anniversary of the grant date.
 
On April 9, 2020, the Company granted Mr. Wells 79,653 restricted stock units in lieu of $55,757 of his cash salary. Subject to continued employment, the restricted stock units vest each day, pro rata based on the number of days between the grant date and December 31, 2020.
 
Litigation
 
From time to time the Company may become a party to litigation in the normal course of business. There are currently no legal matters that management believes would have a material effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.
 
Note 12 – Subsequent Events
 
Warrant Conversions and Consent Solicitation
 
On August 3, 2020, the Company filed with the Securities Exchange Commission (the "SEC") a Consent Solicitation Statement relating to the potential issuance of the Company’s common stock upon the exercise of outstanding warrants, each holder of which having proposed that the Company partially waive the exercise price of such holder’s warrant (collectively, the “Reduced Exercise Price Warrants”). The Consent Solicitation Statement disclosed that, as of July 22, 2020, the Company had partially waived the exercise prices of Reduced Exercise Price Warrants exercisable for an aggregate of approximately 3.1 million shares of common stock for aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $2.2 million. In the event that the Company’s stockholders approve the Company’s proposal described in the Consent Solicitation Statement, the Company may issue up to an additional 8.1 million shares of common stock upon the exercise of Reduced Exercise Price Warrants.
 
Common Stock Issued
 
Subsequent to the period ended June 30, 2020, the Company issued a total of 811,423 shares of common stock upon the conversion of an aggregate of 699.498 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock at the request of its holder.
 
Subsequent to the period ended June 30, 2020, the Company issued a total of 539,365 shares of common stock in return for gross proceeds of $550,307 from the at-the-market facility.
 

20
 
 
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Forward-Looking Statements
 
As used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Form 10-Q”), unless the context otherwise requires, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” “ENDRA” and the “Company” refer to ENDRA Life Sciences Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its wholly-owned subsidiary. The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our historical financial statements and related notes thereto in this Form 10-Q. This Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, that are intended to be covered by the “safe harbor” created by those sections. Forward-looking statements, which are based on certain assumptions and describe our future plans, strategies and expectations, can generally be identified by the use of forward-looking terms such as “believe,” “expect,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “seek,” “intend,” “plan,” “estimate,” “anticipate” or other comparable terms. All statements other than statements of historical facts included in this Form 10-Q regarding our strategies, prospects, financial condition, operations, costs, plans and objectives are forward-looking statements. Examples of forward-looking statements include, among others, statements we make regarding expectations for revenues, cash flows and financial performance, the anticipated results of our development efforts and the timing for receipt of required regulatory approvals and product launches. Forward-looking statements are neither historical facts nor assurances of future performance. Instead, they are based only on our current beliefs, expectations and assumptions regarding the future of our business, future plans and strategies, projections, anticipated events and trends, the economy and other future conditions. Because forward-looking statements relate to the future, they are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict and many of which are outside of our control. Our actual results and financial condition may differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements. Therefore, you should not rely on any of these forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause our actual results and financial condition to differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements include, among others, the following: our limited commercial experience, limited cash and history of losses; our ability to obtain adequate financing to fund our business operations in the future; our ability to achieve profitability; our ability to develop a commercially feasible application based on our Thermo-Acoustic Enhanced Ultrasound (“TAEUS”) technology; market acceptance of our technology; uncertainties associated with COVID-19 or coronavirus, including its possible effects on our operations; results of our human studies, which may be negative or inconclusive; our ability to find and maintain development partners; our reliance on collaborations and strategic alliances and licensing arrangements; the amount and nature of competition in our industry; our ability to protect our intellectual property; potential changes in the healthcare industry or third-party reimbursement practices; delays and changes in regulatory requirements, policy and guidelines including potential delays in submitting required regulatory applications for CE mark certification or Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) approval; our ability to obtain CE mark certification and secure required FDA and other governmental approvals for our TAEUS applications; our ability to comply with regulation by various federal, state, local and foreign governmental agencies and to maintain necessary regulatory clearances or approvals; and the other risks and uncertainties described in the Risk Factors section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2019, as filed with the SEC on March 26, 2020, and in the Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations section of this Form 10-Q. We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement, whether written or oral, that may be made from time to time, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise.
 
Available Information
 
From time to time, we use press releases, Twitter (@endralifesci) and LinkedIn (www.linkedin.com/company/endra-inc) to distribute material information. Our press releases and financial and other material information are routinely posted to and accessible on the Investors section of our website, www.endrainc.com. Accordingly, investors should monitor these channels, in addition to our SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts. In addition, investors may automatically receive e-mail alerts and other information about the Company by enrolling their e-mail addresses by visiting the “Email Alerts” section of our website at investors.endrainc.com. Information that is contained in and can be accessed through our website, Twitter posts and LinkedIn are not incorporated into, and do not form a part of, this Quarterly Report or any other report or document we file with the SEC.
 
Overview
 
We are leveraging experience with pre-clinical enhanced ultrasound devices to develop technology for increasing the capabilities of clinical diagnostic ultrasound, to broaden patient access to the safe diagnosis and treatment of a number of significant medical conditions in circumstances where expensive X-ray computed tomography (“CT”) and magnetic resonance imaging (“MRI”) technology, or other diagnostic technologies such as surgical biopsy, are unavailable or impractical.
 
In 2010, we began marketing and selling our Nexus 128 system, which combined light-based thermoacoustics and ultrasound to address the imaging needs of researchers studying disease models in pre-clinical applications. Building on this expertise in thermoacoustics, we have developed a next-generation technology platform — Thermo Acoustic Enhanced Ultrasound, or TAEUS — which is intended to enhance the capability of clinical ultrasound technology and support the diagnosis and treatment of a number of significant medical conditions that currently require the use of expensive CT or MRI imaging or where imaging is not practical using existing technology. We ceased production, service support and parts for our Nexus 128 system in 2019 in order to focus our resources on the development of our TAEUS technology.
 
Unlike the near-infrared light pulses used in our legacy Nexus 128 system, our TAEUS technology uses radio frequency (“RF”) pulses to stimulate tissues, using a small fraction (less than 1%) of the energy that would be transmitted into the body during an MRI scan. The use of RF energy allows our TAEUS technology to penetrate deep into tissue, enabling the imaging of human anatomy at depths equivalent to those of conventional ultrasound. The RF pulses are absorbed by tissue and converted into ultrasound signals, which are detected by an external ultrasound receiver and a digital acquisition system that is part of the TAEUS system. The detected ultrasound is processed into images and other forms of data using our proprietary algorithms and displayed to complement conventional gray-scale ultrasound images.
 
 
21
 
 
We expect that the first-generation TAEUS application will be a standalone ultrasound accessory designed to cost-effectively quantify fat in the liver and stage progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (“NAFLD”), which can only be achieved today with impractical surgical biopsies or MRI scans. Subsequent TAEUS offerings are expected to be implemented via a second generation hardware platform that can run multiple clinical software applications that we will offer TAEUS users for a one-time licensing fee – adding ongoing customer value to the TAEUS platform and a growing software revenue stream for our Company.
 
In April 2016, we entered into a Collaborative Research Agreement with General Electric Company, acting through its GE Healthcare business unit and the GE Global Research Center (collectively, “GE Healthcare”). Under the terms of the agreement, GE Healthcare has agreed to assist us in our efforts to commercialize our TAEUS technology for use in a fatty liver application by, among other things, providing equipment and technical advice, and facilitating introductions to GE Healthcare clinical ultrasound customers. In return for this assistance, we have agreed to afford GE Healthcare certain rights of first offer with respect to manufacturing and licensing rights for the target application. On January 13, 2020, we and GE Healthcare entered into an amendment to our agreement, extending its term by 12 months to January 14, 2021 and modifying GE Healthcare’s rights of first offer.
 
In November 2017, we engaged two firms that specialize in medical device software development to commence productization of our TAEUS device targeting NAFLD. The agreements call for these vendors to provide us with the specialized engineering resources necessary to translate our current prototype TAEUS device into a clinical product that meets CE regulatory requirements required for commercial launch in the European Union followed by U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) submission for the U.S. market. 
 
Each of our TAEUS platform applications will require regulatory approvals before we are able to sell or license the application. Based on certain factors, such as the installed base of ultrasound systems, availability of other imaging technologies, such as CT and MRI, economic strength and applicable regulatory requirements, we intend to seek initial approval of our applications for sale in the European Union and the United States, followed by China.
 
In March 2020, we received Conformité Européene (“CE”) mark approval for our TAEUS FLIP (Fatty Liver Imaging Probe) System. The CE marking indicates that TAEUS FLIP System complies with all applicable European Directives and Regulations in the European Union and other CE mark geographies, including the 27 EU member states.
 
In June 2020, we submitted a 510(k) Application to the FDA for our TAEUS FLIP System.
 
Financial Operations Overview
 
Revenue
 
No revenue has been generated by our TAEUS technology, which we have not yet commercially sold.
 
Cost of Goods Sold
 
No cost of goods sold has been generated by our TAEUS technology, which we have not yet commercially sold.
 
Research and Development Expenses
 
Our research and development expenses primarily include wages, fees and equipment for the development of our TAEUS technology platform and the proposed applications. Additionally, we incur certain costs associated with the protection of our products and inventions through a combination of patents, licenses, applications and disclosures.
 
Sales and Marketing Expenses
 
Sales and marketing expenses consist primarily of headcount and consulting costs, and marketing and tradeshow expenses. Currently, our marketing efforts are through our website and attendance of key industry meetings and conferences. In connection with the commercialization of our TAEUS applications, we expect to build a small sales and marketing team to train and support global ultrasound distributors, as well as execute traditional marketing activities such as promotional materials, electronic media and participation in industry events and conferences.
 
General and Administrative Expenses
 
General and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and related expenses for our management and personnel, and professional fees, such as accounting, consulting and legal.
 
 
22
 
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
Management makes estimates that affect certain accounts including deferred income tax assets, accrued expenses, fair value of equity instruments and reserves for any other commitments or contingencies. Any adjustments applied to estimates are recognized in the period in which such adjustments are determined.
 
Share-based Compensation
 
Our 2016 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “Omnibus Plan”) permits the grant of stock options and other stock awards to our employees, consultants and non-employee members of our board of directors. Each January 1 the pool of shares available for issuance under the Omnibus Plan automatically increases by an amount equal to the lesser of (i) the number of shares necessary such that the aggregate number of shares available under the Omnibus Plan equals 25% of the number of fully-diluted outstanding shares on the increase date (assuming the conversion of all outstanding shares of preferred stock and other outstanding convertible securities and exercise of all outstanding options and warrants to purchase shares) and (ii) if the board of directors takes action to set a lower amount, the amount determined by the board. On January 1, 2020, the pool of shares issuable under the Omnibus Plan automatically increased by 3,202,280 shares from 2,649,378 shares to 5,861,658. As of June 30, 2020, there were 2,285,883 shares of common stock remaining available for issuance under the Omnibus Plan.
 
We record share-based compensation in accordance with the provisions of the Share-based Compensation Topic of the FASB Codification. The guidance requires the use of option-pricing models that require the input of highly subjective assumptions, including the option’s expected life and the price volatility of the underlying stock. The fair value of each option grant is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option valuation model which uses certain assumptions related to risk-free interest rates, expected volatility, expected life of the common stock options, and future dividends, and the resulting charge is expensed using the straight-line attribution method over the vesting period.
 
Stock compensation expense recognized during the period is based on the value of share-based awards that were expected to vest during the period adjusted for estimated forfeitures. The estimated fair value of grants of stock options and warrants to non-employees is charged to expense, if applicable, in the financial statements.
 
Debt Discount and Detachable Debt-Related Warrants
 
The Company accounts for debt discounts originating in connection with conversion features that are embedded in the notes related warrants in accordance with ASC Subtopic 470-20, Debt with Conversion and Other Options. These costs are classified on the consolidated balance sheet as a direct deduction from the debt liability. The Company amortizes these costs over the term of the securities as interest expense-debt discount in the consolidated statement of operations. Debt discounts relate to the relative fair value of warrants issued in conjunction with the debt and are also recorded as a reduction to the debt balance and accreted over the expected term of the securities to interest expense.
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
See Note 2 of the accompanying financial statements for a discussion of recently issued accounting standards.
 
Results of Operations
 
Three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019
 
Revenue
 
We had no revenue during the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.
 
Cost of Goods Sold
 
We had no cost of goods sold during the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.
 
 
23
 
 
Research and Development
 
Research and development expenses were $1,487,049 for the three months ended June 30, 2020, as compared to $1,304,808 for the three months ended June 30, 2019, an increase of $182,241, or 14%. The costs include primarily wages, fees and equipment for the development of our TAEUS product line. Research and development expenses increased from the same period for the prior year based on increased spending for regulatory activities and product development.
 
Sales and Marketing
 
Sales and marketing expenses were $134,763 for the three months ended June 30, 2020, as compared to $88,343 for the three months ended June 30, 2019, an increase of $46,420, or 53%. The increase was primarily due to additional headcount and pre-selling activities for our TAEUS product line. Currently, our marketing efforts are through our website and attendance of key industry meetings. Subsequent to the period ending June 30, 2020 we began hiring and training additional staff to support our sales efforts. As we seek to complete the development and commercialization of our TAEUS applications, we intend to build a small sales and marketing team to train and support global ultrasound distributors, as well as execute traditional marketing activities such as promotional materials, electronic media and participation in industry conferences.
 
General and Administrative
 
General and administrative expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2020 were $1,269,467, compared to $932,021 for the three months ended June 30, 2019, an increase of $337,446, or 36%. Our wage and related expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2020 were $556,424, compared to $501,850 for the three months ended June 30, 2019. Wage and related expenses in the three months ended June 30, 2020 included $53,751 for bonuses and $225,833 of stock compensation expense related to the issuance and vesting of options, compared to $58,731 for bonuses, $178,905 of stock compensation expense related to the issuance and vesting of options for the three months ended June 30, 2019. Our professional fees, which include legal, audit, and investor relations, for the three months ended June 30, 2020 were $592,529, compared to $334,486 for the three months ended June 30, 2019.
 
Amortization of Debt Discount
 
During the three months ended June 30, 2020, we incurred non-cash expenses of $3,858 related to the amortization of debt discount incurred as result of our issuance of our convertible notes and warrants issued in July 2019. There were no such expenses during the three months ended June 30, 2019.
 
Net Loss
 
As a result of the foregoing, for the three months ended June 30, 2020, we recorded a net loss of $2,893,872, compared to a net loss of $2,334,371 for the three months ended June 30, 2019.
 
Six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019
 
Revenue
 
We had no revenue during the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.
 
Cost of Goods Sold
 
We had no cost of goods sold during the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.
 
Research and Development
 
Research and development expenses were $3,005,195 for the six months ended June 30, 2020, as compared to $3,078,306 for the six months ended June 30, 2019, a decrease of $73,111, or 2%. The costs include primarily wages, fees and equipment for the development of our TAEUS product line. Research and development expenses decreased from the same period for the prior year as we completed development of the TAEUS product and began focusing our spending on commercialization of the product that has been developed.
 
 
24
 
 
Sales and Marketing
 
Sales and marketing expenses were $249,718 for the six months ended June 30, 2020, as compared to $145,161 for the six months ended June 30, 2019, an increase of $104,557, or 72%. The increase was primarily due to additional headcount and pre-selling activities for our TAEUS product line. Currently, our marketing efforts are through our website and attendance of key industry meetings. Subsequent to the period ending June 30, 2020 we began hiring and training additional staff to support our sales efforts. As we seek to complete the development and commercialization of our TAEUS applications, we intend to build a small sales and marketing team to train and support global ultrasound distributors, as well as execute traditional marketing activities such as promotional materials, electronic media and participation in industry conferences.
 
General and Administrative
 
Our general and administrative expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2020 were $2,737,212, compared to $1,848,924 for the six months ended June 30, 2019, an increase of $888,288, or 48%. Our wage and related expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2020 were $1,203,867, compared to $910,194 for the six months ended June 30, 2019. Wage and related expenses in the six months ended June 30, 2020 included $119,944 for bonuses and $475,418 of stock compensation expense related to the issuance and vesting of options, compared to $93,102 for bonuses, $350,742 of stock compensation expense related to the issuance and vesting of options for the six months ended June 30, 2019. Our professional fees, which include legal, audit, and investor relations, for the six months ended June 30, 2020 were $1,261,804, compared to $692,305 for the six months ended June 30, 2019.
 
Amortization of Debt Discount
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2020, we incurred non-cash expenses of $232,426 related to the amortization of debt discount incurred as result of our issuance of our convertible notes and warrants issued in July 2019. There were no such expenses during the six months ended June 30, 2019.
 
Net Loss
 
As a result of the foregoing, for the six months ended June 30, 2020, we recorded a net loss of $6,216,669, compared to a net loss of $5,083,107 for the six months ended June 30, 2019.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
To date we have funded our operations through private and public sales of our securities. As of June 30, 2020, we had $748,561 in cash. We have completed the following financing events from January 2019 through June 30, 2020:
 
In July 2019, we completed a private placement of senior secured convertible promissory notes and warrants, raising net proceeds of approximately $2.5 million after deducting offering expenses of approximately $314,500 payable by us. The promissory notes accrued interest at a rate of 10% per annum until maturity on April 26, 2020.
 
In December 2019, we completed private placements of shares of Series A Preferred Stock, shares of Series B Preferred Stock, shares of common stock and warrants, raising net proceeds of approximately $5.8 million after using approximately $1.9 million to repay debt represented by convertible promissory notes issued in July 2019 and deducting offering expenses of approximately $766,000 payable by us.
 
In March 2020, we entered into an at-the-market equity offering sales agreement (the “ATM Agreement”) with H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC (“Wainwright”) to sell shares of our common stock for aggregate gross proceeds of up to $7.2 million, from time to time, through an “at-the-market” equity offering program under which Wainwright acts as sales agent. Pursuant to the ATM Agreement, Wainwright may sell the shares in sales deemed to be “at-the-market” equity offerings as defined in Rule 415 under the Securities Act, including sales made directly on or through the Nasdaq Capital Market. If agreed to in a separate terms agreement, we may sell shares to Wainwright as principal at a purchase price agreed upon by Wainwright and the Company. Wainwright may also sell shares in negotiated transactions with our prior approval. The offer and sale of the shares pursuant to the ATM Agreement will terminate upon the earlier of (a) the issuance and sale of all of the shares subject to the ATM Agreement or (b) the termination of the ATM Agreement by Wainwright or us pursuant to its terms. As of June 30, 2020, we had issued 882,493 shares of our common stock in return for gross proceeds of $791,474 from the at-the-market facility.
 
During the three months ended June 30, 2020, we received a total of $337,084 in proceeds from loans from both the SBA and Toronto-Dominion Bank related to Coronavirus aid relief. Please see Note 7 for a further description of these loans,
 
We believe that cash on hand at June 30, 2020 will only be sufficient to fund our current operations into the third quarter of 2020. We will need additional capital to execute our commercialization plan and if we do not raise additional capital in the next several months we will need to significantly slow or pause our business activities until such time as we are able to raise additional capital. We continue to evaluate and manage our capital needs to support our clinical, regulatory and operational activities and prepare for the results of our human studies data and EU commercialization. Subsequent to June 30, 2020, we received approximately $2.2 million from the exercise of warrants for reduced exercise prices and are seeking stockholder approval under Nasdaq rules in order to issue additional shares of common stock upon the exercise of certain warrants at reduced exercise prices. We are also exploring potential financing options that may be available to us, including additional sales of our common stock through the ATM Agreement and by causing the mandatory exercise of our warrants issued on December 11, 2019 for cash for those warrants that have not yet been exercised. However, we have no commitments to obtain any additional funds, and there can be no assurance funds will be available in sufficient amounts or on acceptable terms. If we are unable to obtain sufficient additional financing in a timely fashion and on terms acceptable to us, our financial condition and results of operations may be materially adversely affected and we may not be able to continue operations or execute our stated commercialization plan.
 
The financial statements included in this Form 10-Q have been prepared assuming we will continue as a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and the settlement of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. As reflected in the accompanying financial statements, during the six months ended June 30, 2020, we incurred net losses of $6,216,669 and used cash in operations of $6,582,292. These and other factors raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern for one year from the issuance of the accompanying financial statements. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary should we be unable to continue as a going concern.
 
 
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Operating Activities
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2020, we used $6,582,292 of cash in operating activities primarily as a result of our net loss of $6,216,669, offset by share-based compensation of $1,057,120, amortization of debt discount of $232,426, depreciation expense of $44,014, amortization of Right of Use assets of $32,199, and net changes in operating assets and liabilities of $(1,689,122).
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2019, we used $4,198,607 of cash in operating activities primarily as a result of our net loss of $5,083,107, which included non-cash charges for share-based compensation of $659,217, depreciation expenses of $39,744, and net changes in operating assets and liabilities of $(185,539).
 
Investing Activities
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company used $22,350 in investing activities related to purchases of equipment.
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company used $5,238 in investing activities related to purchase of equipment.
 
Financing Activities
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2020, financing activities provided $1,178,996, including $50,438 in proceeds from warrant exercises, $337,084 in proceeds from loans, $791,474 in proceeds from issuance of common stock, and $42,260 paid on account of repayment of notes.
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2019, there were no cash flows from financing activities.
 
Funding Requirements
 
We have not completed the commercialization of any of our TAEUS technology platform applications. We expect to continue to incur significant expenses for the foreseeable future. We anticipate that our expenses will increase substantially as we:
 
advance the engineering design and development of our NAFLD TAEUS application;
 
acquire parts and build finished goods inventory of the TAEUS FLIP system;
 
prepare regulatory filings required for marketing approval of our NAFLD TAEUS application in the United States;
 
seek to hire a small internal marketing team to engage and support channel partners and clinical customers for our NAFLD TAEUS application;
 
commence marketing of our NAFLD TAEUS application;
 
advance development of our other TAEUS applications; and
 
add operational, financial and management information systems and personnel, including personnel to support our product development, planned commercialization efforts and our operation as a public company.
 
 
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It is possible that we will not achieve the progress that we expect because the actual costs and timing of completing the development and regulatory approvals for a new medical device are difficult to predict and are subject to substantial risks and delays. We have no committed external sources of funds. We do not expect that our existing cash will be sufficient for us to complete the commercialization of our NAFLD TAEUS application or to complete the development of any other TAEUS application and we will need to raise substantial additional capital for those purposes. As a result, we will need to finance our future cash needs through public or private equity offerings, debt financings, corporate collaboration and licensing arrangements or other financing alternatives. Our forecast of the period of time through which our financial resources will be adequate to support our operations is a forward-looking statement and involves risks and uncertainties, and actual results could vary as a result of a number of factors, including the factors discussed in the section of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q entitled “Risk Factors” and such section of our most recently filed Annual Report on Form 10-K. We have based this estimate on assumptions that may prove to be wrong, and we could utilize our available capital resources sooner than we currently expect.
 
Until we can generate a sufficient amount of revenue from our TAEUS platform applications, if ever, we expect to finance future cash needs through public or private equity offerings, debt financings or corporate collaborations and licensing arrangements. Additional funds may not be available when we need them on terms that are acceptable to us, or at all. As described below, the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted our business operations to some extent and is expected to continue to do so and, in light of the effect of such pandemic on financial markets, these impacts may include reduced access to capital. If adequate funds are not available, we may be required to delay, reduce the scope of or eliminate one or more of our research or development programs or our commercialization efforts or perhaps even cease the operation of our business. To the extent that we raise additional funds by issuing equity securities, our stockholders may experience additional dilution, and debt financing, if available, may involve restrictive covenants. To the extent that we raise additional funds through collaborations and licensing arrangements, it may be necessary to relinquish some rights to our technologies or applications or grant licenses on terms that may not be favorable to us. We may seek to access the public or private capital markets whenever conditions are favorable, even if we do not have an immediate need for additional capital at that time.
 
Coronavirus (“COVID-19”) Pandemic
 
The COVID-19 outbreak, which the World Health Organization has classified as a pandemic, has prompted governments and regulatory bodies throughout the world to issue “stay-at-home” or similar orders, and enact restrictions on the performance of “non-essential” services, public gatherings and travel.
 
Beginning in March 2020, we undertook precautionary measures intended to help minimize the risk of the virus to our employees, including requiring most employees to work remotely, pausing all non-essential travel worldwide for our employees, and limiting employee attendance at industry events and in-person work-related meetings, to the extent those events and meetings are continuing. As a cash-conserving measure taken in light of the adverse economic conditions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, in April 2020 we reduced the cash salaries of members of management by 33% for the remainder of 2020, including the salaries of our executive officers. In lieu of cash, the Company is paying this portion of management salaries in the form of restricted stock units that vest over the remainder of the year. Additionally, we amended our Non-Employee Director Compensation Policy to provide that our non-employee directors’ annual retainers for the second, third and fourth fiscal quarters of 2020 shall be paid in in the form of restricted stock units rather than cash. To date we do not believe these actions have had a significant negative impact on our operations. However, these actions or additional measures we may undertake may ultimately delay progress on our developmental goals or otherwise negatively affect our business. In addition, third-party actions taken to contain its spread and mitigate its public health effects of COVID-19 may negatively affect our business.
 
Nasdaq Capital Market Listing
 
Our common stock is currently traded on the Nasdaq Capital Market. The Nasdaq Capital Market imposes, among other requirements, listing maintenance standards including minimum bid price and stockholders’ equity requirements. In particular, Nasdaq rules require a listed company’s primary equity securities to have a minimum bid price of at least $1.00 per share. On April 24, 2020, we received a notification letter from the Listing Qualifications Department of The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (“Nasdaq”) notifying us that, because the closing bid price for our common stock listed on Nasdaq was below $1.00 for 30 consecutive trading days, we no longer met the minimum bid price requirement for continued listing on The Nasdaq Capital Market under Nasdaq Marketplace Rule 5550(a)(2).
 
The notification has no immediate effect on the listing of our common stock. In accordance with Nasdaq Marketplace Rule 5810(c)(3)(A) and the rule change filed by Nasdaq with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 16, 2020, we have a period of 180 calendar days from July 1, 2020, or until December 28, 2020, to regain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement. The notification letter also stated that, in the event we do not regain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement by December 28, 2020, we may be eligible for additional time. To qualify for additional time, we would be required to meet the continued listing requirement for market value of publicly held shares and all other initial listing standards for The Nasdaq Capital Market, with the exception of the bid price requirement, and would need to provide written notice of our intention to cure the deficiency during the second compliance period, by effecting a reverse stock split, if necessary. If we meet these requirements, Nasdaq will inform us that we have been granted an additional 180 calendar days to regain compliance. However, if it appears to the staff of Nasdaq (the “Staff”) that we will not be able to cure the deficiency, or if we are otherwise not eligible, the Staff would notify us that our securities will be subject to delisting. In the event of such notification, we may appeal the Staff’s determination to delist its securities, but there can be no assurance the Staff would grant our request for continued listing.
 
We intend to continue actively monitoring the bid price for our common stock between now and December 28, 2020 and will consider available options to resolve the deficiency and regain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Transactions
 
At June 30, 2020, the Company did not have any transactions, obligations or relationships that could be considered off-balance sheet arrangements.
 
 
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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk
 
As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to provide the information required by this Item 3.
 
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
As of the end of the period covered by this Form 10-Q, management performed, with the participation of our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. Based on the evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that, as of June 30, 2020, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective.
 
A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. We identified the following material weakness as of June 30, 2020: insufficient personnel resources within the accounting function to segregate the duties over financial transaction processing and reporting.
 
To remediate our internal control weaknesses, management intends to implement the following measures, as finances allow:
 
Adding sufficient accounting personnel or outside consultants to properly segregate duties and to effect a timely, accurate preparation of the financial statements.
 
Upon the hiring of additional accounting personnel or outside consultants, develop and maintain adequate written accounting policies and procedures.
 
The additional hiring is contingent upon our efforts to obtain additional funding and the results of our operations. Management expects to secure funds in the coming fiscal year but provides no assurances that it will be able to do so.
 
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
There were no changes to our internal control over financial reporting or in other factors that could affect these controls during the three months ended June 30, 2020 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. However, our management is currently seeking to improve our controls and procedures in an effort to remediate the deficiency described above.
 

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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
 
We are not currently a party to any pending legal proceedings that we believe will have a material adverse effect on our business or financial condition. We may, however, be subject to various claims and legal actions arising in the ordinary course of business from time to time.
 
Item 1A. Risk Factors
 
In addition to the risk factors and uncertainties described below and the other information set forth in this report, you should carefully consider the factors discussed under “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2019, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 26, 2020. These factors could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations and capital position, and could cause our actual results to differ materially from our historical results or the results contemplated by any forward-looking statements contained in this report. 
 
We will need to raise additional capital to meet our business requirements in the future and such capital raising may be costly or difficult to obtain and could dilute current stockholders’ ownership interests.
 
We have a history of losses from operations and expect to continue to incur losses until we are able to significantly grow our revenues. During the quarter ended June 30, 2020 we had an operating loss of $2.9 million and, as of August 13, 2020, we had approximately $2,413,762 in cash. Accordingly, we will need additional financing to maintain our business and execute our business plan. Such financing may not be available on favorable terms, if at all.
 
If we are unable to obtain such additional financing on a timely basis, we may have to curtail our development activities and growth plans and/or be forced to sell assets, perhaps on unfavorable terms, which would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations, and ultimately could be forced to discontinue our operations and liquidate, in which event it is unlikely that stockholders would receive any distribution on their shares. See “Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Liquidity and Capital Resources” above.
 
Any additional capital raised through the sale of equity or equity-linked securities may dilute current stockholders’ ownership percentages and could also result in a decrease in the market value of our equity securities. Additionally, the terms of any securities issued by us in future capital transactions may be more favorable to new investors, and may include preferences, superior voting rights and the issuance of warrants or other derivative securities, which may have a further dilutive effect on the holders of any of our securities then outstanding.
 
In addition, we may incur substantial costs in pursuing future capital financing, including investment banking fees, legal fees, accounting fees, securities law compliance fees, printing and distribution expenses and other costs. We may also be required to recognize non-cash expenses in connection with certain securities we issue, such as convertible promissory notes and warrants, which may adversely impact our financial results.
 
If we fail to regain compliance with the minimum closing bid requirement and maintain compliance with the Stockholders’ Equity requirements of the Nasdaq Capital Market or to satisfy other requirements for continued listing, our common stock may be delisted and the price of our common stock and our ability to access the capital markets could be negatively impacted.
 
Our common stock is listed for trading on the Nasdaq Capital Market. To maintain this listing, we must satisfy Nasdaq’s continued listing requirements, including, among other things, a minimum closing bid price requirement of $1.00 per share under Nasdaq Listing Rule 5550(a)(2) (the “Bid Price Rule”) and minimum stockholders’ equity of $2.5 million under Nasdaq Listing Rule 5550(b)(1) (the “Equity Rule”).
 
On April 24, 2020, we received a notification letter from Nasdaq informing us that for 30 consecutive business days, the bid price of our common stock had closed below $1.00 per share. This notice had no immediate effect on our Nasdaq listing, and we had 180 calendar days from July 1, 2020, or until December 28, 2020, to regain compliance.
 
The closing bid price of our common stock must be at least $1.00 per share for a minimum of ten consecutive business days to regain compliance with the Bid Price Rule. If by December 28, 2020 we have not regained compliance with the bid price requirement, a second 180-day compliance period may be available, provided (i) we meet the continued listing requirement for market value of publicly held shares and all other applicable requirements for initial listing on Nasdaq (except for the bid price requirement), and (ii) we provide written notice to Nasdaq of our intention to cure this deficiency during the second compliance period by effecting a reverse stock split, if necessary.
 
Additionally, as of June 30, 2020 we did not satisfy the Equity Rule due to shareholders’ equity at that time being less than $2.5 million. Since that time, our shareholders’ equity increased to $3.4 million as of August 13, 2020 as a result of cash proceeds from the exercise of warrants and sales of common stock from out ATM Agreement. Although we had regained compliance with the Equity Rule as of such date, Nasdaq may still issue us a notification letter relating to the failure to satisfy the Equity Rule as of June 30, 2020 and there is no guarantee that we will maintain compliance with the Equity Rule in the future.
 
If we are unable to regain compliance with the Bid Price Rule by December 28, 2020 or if we fail to maintain compliance with any of the other continued listing requirements, including the Equity Rule, our common stock may be delisted from Nasdaq, which could materially reduce the liquidity of our common stock and result in a corresponding material reduction in the price of our common stock. In addition, delisting could harm our ability to raise capital through alternative financing sources on terms acceptable to us, or at all, and may result in the potential loss of confidence by investors, employees and business development opportunities. Further, if we were to be delisted from Nasdaq, our common stock may no longer be recognized as a “covered security” and we would be subject to regulation in each state in which we offer our securities. Thus, delisting from Nasdaq could adversely affect our ability to raise additional financing through the public or private sale of equity securities, would significantly impact the ability of investors to trade our securities and would negatively impact the value and liquidity of our common stock.
 
 
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The outbreak of the novel strain of coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, which causes COVID-19, could adversely impact our business, including our pre-sales activities, clinical trials and ability to obtain regulatory approvals.
 
Public health crises such as pandemics or similar outbreaks could adversely impact our business. In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, which causes coronavirus disease 2019 (“COVID-19”), surfaced in Wuhan, China. Since then, COVID-19 has spread to countries around the world and has been declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization. The level and nature of the disruption caused by COVID-19 is unpredictable, may be cyclical and long-lasting and may vary from location to location. Beginning in March 2020, we undertook temporary precautionary measures to help minimize the risk of the virus to our employees, including by requiring most employees to work remotely, pausing all non-essential travel worldwide for our employees, and limiting employee attendance at industry events and in-person work-related meetings, to the extent those events and meetings are continuing. As a cash-conserving measure taken in light of the adverse economic conditions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, in April 2020 we reduced the cash salaries of members of management by 33% for the remainder of 2020, including the salaries of our executive officers. In lieu of cash, the Company is paying this portion of management salaries in the form of restricted stock units that vest over the remainder of the year. Additionally, we amended our Non-Employee Director Compensation Policy to provide that our non-employee directors’ annual retainers for the second, third and fourth fiscal quarters of 2020 shall be paid in in the form of restricted stock units rather than cash. We may take additional measures, any of which could negatively affect our business. In addition, third-party actions taken to contain its spread and mitigate its public health effects of COVID-19 may negatively affect our business.
 
As a result of the COVID-19 outbreak, or similar pandemics, we have and may in the future experience disruptions that could severely impact our business, preclinical studies and clinical trials, including:
 
interruption of key clinical trial activities and attendance at industry events due to limitations on travel imposed or recommended by federal or state governments, employers and others or interruption of clinical trial subject visits and study procedures; 
 
delays or difficulties in enrolling patients in clinical trials of our TAEUS FLIP device; 
 
interruption or delays in the operations of the FDA and comparable foreign regulatory agencies, which may impact approval timelines;
 
absenteeism or loss of employees at the Company, or at our collaborator companies, due to health reasons or government restrictions or otherwise, that are needed to develop, validate, manufacture and perform other necessary functions for our operations;
 
supply chain disruptions making it difficult for our collaborator companies to order and receive materials needed for the manufacture of our TAEUS product;
 
government responses including orders that make it difficult for us, our supplier and our potential customers to remain open for business, and other seen and unforeseen actions taken by government agencies;
 
equipment failures, loss of utilities and other disruptions that could impact our operations or render them inoperable; and
 
effects of a local or global recession or depression that could depress economic conditions for a prolonged period and limit access to capital by the Company.
 
These and other factors arising from the COVID-19 pandemic could worsen in the United States or locally at the location of our offices or clinical trials, each of which could further adversely impact our business generally, and could have a material adverse impact on our operations and financial condition and results.
 
Item 2. Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities; Use of Proceeds from Registered Securities
 
On June 1, 2020, the Company agreed to issue 30,000 shares of common stock to Trending Equities Corp. for services. In connection with the issuance of the shares of common stock, the Company relied on the exemption from registration provided by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, for transactions not involving a public offering.
 
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 5. Other Information
 
Not applicable.


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Item 6. Exhibits
 
Exhibit Number
 
Description
 
Fourth Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 12, 2017)
 
Certificate of Amendment to the Fourth Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 18, 2020).
 
Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.4 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-214724), as amended, originally filed on November 21, 2016)
 
Specimen Certificate representing shares of common stock of the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-214724), as amended, originally filed on November 21, 2016)
 
Certificate of Designations of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on December 11, 2019)
 
Form of Warrant issued in December 2019 Series A Convertible Preferred Stock Offering (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on December 11, 2019)
 
Certificate of Designations of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on December 26, 2019)
 
Form of Warrant issued in December 2019 Series B Convertible Preferred Stock Offering (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on December 26, 2019)
 
U.S. Small Business Administration Paycheck Protection Program Note, issued by the Company to First Republic Bank (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed on May 14, 2020)
 
Non-Employee Director Compensation Policy* (filed herewith)
 
Certification of Periodic Report by Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14a and pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (filed herewith)
 
Certification of Periodic Report by Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14a and pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (filed herewith)
 
Certification of Periodic Report by Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (furnished herewith)
101.INS
 
XBRL Instance Document (filed herewith)
101.SCH
 
XBRL Taxonomy Schema (filed herewith)
101.CAL
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase (filed herewith)
101.DEF
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase (filed herewith)
101.LAB
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase (filed herewith)
101.PRE
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase (filed herewith)
 
* Indicates management compensatory plan, contract or arrangement.
 

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SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
ENDRA LIFE SCIENCES INC.
 
 
 
 
Date: August 14, 2020
By:
/s/ Francois Michelon
 
 
 
Francois Michelon
 
 
 
Chief Executive Officer and Chairman
(Principal Executive Officer)
 
 
 
ENDRA LIFE SCIENCES INC.
 
 
 
 
 
Date: August 14, 2020
By:
/s/ David Wells
 
 
 
David Wells
 
 
 
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)
 
 
   

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