UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-K
(Mark One)
 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017
 
OR
 
☐TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from          to      
Commission File Number: 001-55833
 
Novume Solutions, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
8742
81-5266334
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
14420 Albemarle Point Place, Suite 200,
Chantilly, VA, 20151
(703) 953-3838
(Address, including ZIP code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)
 
Corporation Trust Company
1209 Orange Street
Wilmington, DE 19801
(Name, address, including ZIP code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s agent for service)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes   No 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes   No 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer 
Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes   No 
 
The aggregate market value of the registrant’s voting and non-voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of August 29, 2017 was approximately $41.8 million.
 
As of March 31, 2018, the Registrant had 14,496,697 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value per share outstanding.

 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page 
PART I
 
    4
Item 1.
Business
    4
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
    11
Item 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments
    24
Item 2.
Properties
    24
Item 3.
Legal Proceedings
    24
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
    24
PART II
 
    25
Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
    25
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data
    26
Item 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
    27
Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
    43
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
    43
Item 9.
Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
    75
Item 9A.
Controls and Procedures
    75
Item 9B.
Other Information
    76
PART III
 
    76
Item 10.
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
    76
Item 11.
Executive Compensation
    84
Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
    88
Item 13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
    89
Item 14.
Principal Accountant Fees and Services
    89
PART IV
 
    90
Item 15.
Exhibits, Financial Statements Schedules
    90
Item 16.
Form 10-K Summary
    92
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
CERTAIN DEFINITIONS
 
Unless the context requires otherwise, all references in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “Annual Report”) to “Novume Solutions, Inc.,” “Novume,” “Company,” “we,” “our” and “us” refer to Novume Solutions, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.
 
SPECIAL NOTE ON FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
This Annual Report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this Annual Report, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, business strategy, prospective products and services, timing and likelihood of success, plans and objectives of management for future operations, and future results of current and anticipated products and services, are forward-looking statements. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other important factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.
 
In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “could,” “intend,” “target,” “project,” “contemplates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential” or “continue” or the negative of these terms or other similar expressions. The forward-looking statements in this Annual Report are only predictions. These forward-looking statements are based largely on current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that we believe may affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Annual Report and are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions described under the sections in this Annual Report entitled “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Annual Report. Because forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties, some of which cannot be predicted or quantified and some of which are beyond our control, you should not rely on these forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. The events and circumstances reflected in our forward-looking statements may not be achieved or occur and actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements may not be realized due to a variety of factors, including, without limitation:
 
our history of losses;
 
difficulties in remaining competitive in the markets the companies serve;
 
the effects of future economic, business and market conditions;
 
difficulties in successfully managing our businesses;
 
difficulties in achieving cost savings, operating efficiencies and new revenue opportunities as a result of our acquisitions, and the incurrence of unforeseen costs and expenses;
 
the effects of the uncertainty of the acquisitions we complete on relationships with customers, employees and suppliers;
 
consolidation in the industries we serve;
 
limitations on our ability to continue to develop, manufacture and market innovative products and services;
 
costs and risks associated with acquisitions;
 
our failure to realize anticipated benefits from other acquisitions or the possibility that such acquisitions could adversely affect us, and risks relating to the prospects for future acquisitions;
 
the loss of key employees and the ability to retain and attract key personnel, including technical and managerial personnel;
 
quarterly and annual fluctuations in results of operations;
 
the diminished demand for our services;
 
the effects of war, terrorism, natural disasters or other catastrophic events; and
 
other risks and uncertainties, including those listed under the heading “Risk Factors” in this Annual Report.
 
 
3
 
 
As a result of these and other factors, the events and circumstances reflected in our forward-looking statements may not be achieved or occur and actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements. Moreover, we operate in an evolving environment. New risk factors and uncertainties may emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all risk factors and uncertainties. Except as required by applicable law, we do not plan to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements contained herein, whether as a result of any new information, future events, changed circumstances or otherwise. A discussion of factors that could cause actual conditions, events or results to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements appears in “Part 1-Item 1A-Risk Factors.”
 
Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements in this Annual Report or that we make from time to time, and to consider carefully the factors discussed in “Part 1-Item 1A-Risk Factors” of this Annual Report in evaluating these forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are representative only as of the date they are made, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
 
 
PART I
 
Item 1.  Business
 
Company Overview
 
We are a leading provider of support services to the government contracting market. Generally speaking, our clients are companies that serve the government. We:
 
Capture business by helping our clients to win government contracts.
 
Manage risk by being prepared for, and responding to, disruptive events and creating secure systems.
 
Run client back-end services by providing various managed services.
 
Perform their contract requirements by providing specialized staffing services primarily in the aerospace and aviation industries.
 
We support the government contracting industry that:
 
Represented over $439 billion of U.S. federal government spending in FY 2017 according to USASpending.gov.
 
Has proven to be relatively recession resistant.
 
Has, according to the U.S. federal government’s SAM database, as of January 2, 2018, over 528,000 government contractors of which over 52,000 are located in Washington, DC, Maryland and Virginia, many of which are located in an area commonly known as the "Beltway" and are in close proximity to our headquarters.
 
We see the professional services support sector of the industry in which we operate as:
 
Highly fragmented
 
Comprised of numerous small- and medium-sized businesses that are ripe for consolidation.
 
We believe these factors provide extraordinary growth opportunities for us.
 
 
4
 
 
Description of Services
 
Government Contracting Support Solutions
 
Our solutions assist government contractors with critical aspects of their business. Our services include:
 
Market intelligence and opportunity identification
 
Capture and strategic advisory
 
Proposal strategy and development
 
Teaming support
 
Managed human capital services
 
Our services also help commercially-focused firms gain entry into the government contracting market. Since 1983, we have assisted our clients with over $170 billion of government contract awards.
 
Risk Mitigation and Crisis Management
 
We combine best practice consulting with proven crisis management expertise, empowering clients to both anticipate and evaluate risks and manage disruptive events when they occur. We assess, audit, develop, train and test strategies and programs encompassing:
 
Predictive intelligence
 
Business continuity
 
Risk assessment
 
Crisis management and communications
 
Emergency and cyber incident response
 
Behavioral risk and threat assessment
 
Workplace violence prevention
 
We are focused on prevention in addition to planning and response initiatives. For example, our behavioral risk and threat assessment program, BERTHA®, positions schools, businesses and other organizations to prevent violence from occurring. This program helps our clients to identify early warning signs that may be exhibited by an individual before they are on a path to violence.
 
By educating others on emerging threats and strategies to combat those threats, we increase awareness of our initiatives through no-fee webinars, stress tests, and social media and blog articles that include analyses by members of our highly-credentialed expert council. We partner with industry associations and aggregators to deliver meaningful risk mitigation strategies and education. We also serve clients ranging from some of the world’s largest global companies to main street businesses across all industry sectors. We offer services to clients that enhance their ability to manage risk and respond to adverse events, thereby minimizing people, brand, reputation, financial, legal and regulatory impacts.
 
 
5
 
 
Specialty Staffing
 
We provide quality specialized contract personnel, temp-to-hire professionals, direct hires, and temporary or seasonal hires to the Department of Defense and a diverse group of companies in the aerospace and aviation industry nationally and have been instrumental in placing highly-skilled technical professionals in some of the world’s most prestigious engineering firms and government facilities for over 20 years. Some of the professionals that we place in the aerospace and aviation industry include:
 
FAA Certified Airframe & Power Plant Mechanics
 
Avionics and Embedded Software Engineers
 
FCC Certified Avionic Technicians
 
I.A. Licensed Aircraft Inspectors
 
Flight Test Engineers
 
Process/Repair Engineers
 
Simulation Engineers
 
Since they operate as professional services companies, our recent acquisitions of Global Technical Services, Inc. and Global Contract Professionals, Inc. (collectively referred to as “Global” or the "Global Entities") represented a material change in our business operations, but were consistent with our corporate strategy of acquiring and building professional services companies that add to the product mix that we can provide to our subsidiaries’ existing customer base. Because of the time-sensitive aspects of their contracts, specialty staffing is a service that most large aviation and aerospace companies need, and our customers use specialty staffing to fulfill a variety of roles. We believe Global also has the potential to provide specialty staffing support to contractors outside of the aviation and aerospace sectors, thereby supporting a wider spectrum of clients. After completing the acquisition, we began, and are currently continuing the integration of the administrative functions and marketing efforts of Global into our operations.
 
Our Industry
 
According to USASpending.gov, the U.S. federal government spent an average of over $450 billion each year from FY 2013 through 2017 for goods and services, creating one of the largest and most stable markets in the world, and there are thousands of government contractors providing these goods and services. We provide professional services that offer scalable and compliant outsourced support to companies that deliver these goods and services.
 
The industry in which we operate is fragmented with many small firms providing niche services.
 
A unique characteristic of this industry is that many of these companies are concentrated in the Beltway. The U.S. federal government’s contract spending in Virginia, Maryland and the District of Columbia was more than $92 billion in FY 2017, according to USASpending.gov. This represents 21% of the $436 billion of total contract spending in FY 2017.
 
Because of the geographic concentration of these clients, there is also a large, but fragmented, concentration of service providers for these companies. Although the businesses that provide resources to the government contracting sector are diverse and highly fragmented, their clients have many common needs resulting from the basic qualifications and standard requirements inherent in the government procurement process. We believe that there is a unique opportunity for consolidation in this sector, both in the Washington, DC market, and in other parts of the country.
 
While our immediate goal is to improve our ability to serve this sector by pooling our subsidiaries’ resources and client contacts, our ultimate objective is to expand our ability to meet the unique needs of this sector by assembling, through organic growth and strategic acquisitions, a complimentary suite of service and systems providers with demonstrated ability to satisfy its need for high value talent and support services. In addition to the benefits of shared costs and pooled resources, we expect to benefit from the increased client involvement that targeted expansion of our market segments can provide. Drawing on the insights and experience of our combined leadership team, we expect to both increase our contact with, and improve our understanding of, the needs of the enterprises we serve. We would like to be recognized as the best place to go for outsourced services when a government contractor must meet an unusual need.
 
 
6
 
 
Clients
 
To be a government contractor, a company must be able to meet rigid standards. As a result, our clients are typically well-established, financially-stable businesses with both a reputation for excellence and high standards and a demonstrated ability to survive and prosper through innovation and adaptation.
 
The U.S. federal government’s SAM database as of March 23, 2018 includes over 529,000 government contractors and approximately 52,000 are located in Washington, DC, Maryland and Virginia. Government contractors range from small privately-owned lifestyle companies to members of the Fortune 100.
 
Since 1983, we have served thousands of these entities. In 2017, we provided services to 14 of the Top 100 largest federal contractors (based on their fiscal 2016 prime contracts in IT, systems integration, professional services and telecommunications) as identified by Washington Technology (https://washingtontechnology.com/toplists/top-100-lists/2017.aspx).
 
Marketing and Sales
 
We obtain client engagements primarily through business development efforts, cross-selling of our services to existing clients, and maintaining client relationships, as well as referrals from existing and former clients.
 
Our business development efforts emphasize lead generation, industry group networking and corporate visibility. Most of our business development efforts are led by members of our professional teams, who are also responsible for managing projects. Our business development efforts are further supported by personnel located at our corporate headquarters.
 
We are working to position ourselves as a preferred, single-source provider of specialized professional services to our clients. As our service offerings become more diverse, we anticipate increasing our cross-selling opportunities. Our goals are to offer a broader range of services to existing clients and to broaden our client base using our existing value-added solutions.
 
Competition
 
We believe that the sectors in which we operate are highly fragmented and characterized by many smaller companies generally having fewer than ten employees. These companies tend to focus their operations on local customers or specialized niche activities. As a result, we compete with many smaller, more specialized companies that concentrate their resources in particular areas of expertise. The extent of our competition varies according to sectors and geographic areas.
 
We believe we compete on quality of service, relevant experience, staffing capabilities, reputation, geographic presence, stability, and price. Price differentiation remains an important element in competitive tendering and is a significant factor in bidding for contracts. The importance of the foregoing factors varies widely based upon the nature, location, and scale of our clients’ needs. We believe that certain economies of scale can be realized by service providers that establish a national presence and reputation for providing high-quality and cost-effective services. Our ability to compete successfully will depend upon the effectiveness of our marketing efforts, the strength of our client relationships, our ability to accurately estimate costs and bid for work, the quality of the work we perform and our ability to hire and train qualified personnel.
 
Competitive Strengths
 
We believe we have the following competitive strengths:
 
Experienced, talented, and motivated professionals – We employ seasoned professionals with a broad array of specialties, a strong customer service orientation and in many cases, the required professional certifications and advanced degrees. Our executive officers have significant operating and management experience and have been involved in analyzing potential acquisition transactions. We place a high priority on attracting, motivating and retaining top professionals to serve our clients, and our compensation system emphasizes the use of performance-based incentives, including opportunities for stock ownership, to achieve this objective.
 
Niche expertise – The services that we provide are highly-specialized professional services that have high barriers to entry. While we have a base of in-house professionals, we also have access to a very large group of consultants who can provide subject matter expertise for unique projects and who can supplement our workforce based on client demand.
 
 
7
 
 
Industry-recognized quality of service – We believe that we have developed a strong reputation for quality service based upon our industry-recognized depth of experience, ability to attract and retain quality professionals, and expertise across multiple service sectors.
 
Strong, long-term client relationships Our combination of niche market experience and professionals with requisite expertise has enabled us to develop strong relationships with our core clients. By serving clients on a long-term basis, we are able to gain a deep understanding of their overall business needs as well as the unique technical requirements of their projects. This increased understanding gives us the opportunity to provide superior value to our clients by allowing us to more fully assess and better manage the risks inherent in their projects.
 
One-stop shop – The combination of services we offer allows our clients to focus on executing their contracts and getting more work by not being encumbered with administrative functions required when doing business with the government.
 
Growth Strategies
 
We intend to use the following growth strategies as we seek to expand our market share in our current areas of expertise and eventually position ourselves as a preferred provider of comprehensive specialized professional services to our clients:
 
Strategic Acquisitions We seek acquisitions that allow us to expand or enhance our capabilities in our existing service offerings. In analyzing new acquisitions, we pursue opportunities that function as profitable stand-alone operations or are complementary to our existing businesses. We believe that expanding our business through strategic acquisitions will enable us to exploit economies of scale in the areas of finance, human resources, marketing, administration, information technology, and legal, while also providing cross-selling opportunities among our vertical service offerings.
 
Common Theme – Most government contractors need the various services that we provide. Our companies sell to the same client pool allowing for one-stop-shop, cross selling opportunities.
 
Geographic Expansion – Parts of the country have substantial government presence that allow for easy expansion of our footprint, such as the U.S. Navy in San Diego and the U.S. Air Force in Denver.
 
Business Development – With additional resources we intend to grow our business by investing in a larger sales force and integrated client relationship management tools.
 
The universe of providers that service our clients is fragmented and diverse. Drawing on the insights and experience of our combined leadership team, we expect to both increase our contact with, and improve our understanding of, the needs of the enterprises we serve. By working together under common leadership, we believe our combined companies can better identify the qualities in our companies that the world’s leading businesses value most. We will then work to further enhance each company’s ability to perform in these areas by providing material support as well as exchanges of talent and ideas. By using our increased contact with our clients, we will also be working to enhance our clients’ awareness of these capabilities across our platform.
 
Through our core businesses, we occasionally become aware of situations where our resources can play a critical role in bringing an organization to the next level in its development. Under appropriate circumstances we may acquire, receive or retain an interest in these organizations as part of our enterprise initiative. Brekford Traffic Safety, Inc. (“Brekford”) serves as a public safety technology services provider of fully integrated automated traffic safety enforcement solutions, including speed and red-light enforcement cameras, and a comprehensive citation management software suite. Brekford has recently announced the development of a first-of-its-kind camera and data management system designed to track and monitor violations of “move over laws.” The National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund reports that in the past decade, 126 police officers have been killed when struck by vehicles. The Emergency Responder Safety Institute estimates that about seven emergency workers and 50 tow operators are killed annually by passing vehicles. In addition, there are many unreported injuries and near misses.
 
Our History
 
We are a Delaware corporation that was formed in February 2017 to effectuate the mergers of, and become a holding company for KeyStone Solutions, Inc. (“KeyStone”) and Brekford. Our services are provided through six wholly owned subsidiaries: AOC Key Solutions, Inc.; Firestorm Solutions, LLC and Firestorm Franchising, LLC (collectively referred to as “Firestorm” or “Firestorm Entities”); Global Technical Services, Inc. and Global Contract Professionals, Inc. (collectively referred to as “Global” or the "Global Entities"); and Novume Media, Inc. (“Novume Media”).
 
 
8
 
 
We conduct core operations through our primary operating subsidiaries:
 
Government Contracting Support Solutions – AOC Key Solutions has been helping government contractors to win business since 1983.
 
Risk Mitigation and Crisis Management – Firestorm has been in business since 2005.
 
Specialty Staffing – Global provides these services and has been supplying personnel to the aerospace/aviation industry since 1989.
 
Strategic Acquisitions
 
BC Management Acquisition
 
On December 31, 2017, Novume completed its acquisition of certain assets of BC Management, Inc. (“BC Management”). BC Management provides staffing and research services for the business continuity, disaster recovery, crisis management, risk management, and information security sectors and will augment the risk mitigation and crisis management services we provide to our clients.
 
Consideration paid as part of this acquisition included: (a) $100,000 in cash, (b) 33,333 shares of Novume common stock valued at $163,332 and (c) 66,666 warrants to purchase Novume common stock valued at $123,472. As the BC Management acquisition has recently been completed, the Company is currently in the process of completing the purchase price allocation treating the BC Management acquisition as a business combination. The 2017 financial statements include the preliminary purchase price allocation for BC Management. Any revision in the purchase price allocation will be included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements in future periods.
 
Global Acquisition
 
On October 1, 2017 (the “Global Closing Date”), the Company completed its acquisition of Global Technical Services, Inc. (“GTS”) and Global Contract Professionals, Inc. (“GCP) (collectively, the “Global Entities”) (the “Global Merger”). Consideration paid as part Global Merger included: (a) $750,000 in cash, (b) 375,000 shares of Novume common stock and (c) 240,861 shares of Novume Series B Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Novume Series B Preferred Stock”). In addition to the merger consideration, Novume paid $365,037 to satisfy in full all of the outstanding debt of GTS and GCP at closing, except for certain intercompany debt and ordinary course debt, and amounts due under (a) the Secured Account Purchase Agreement dated August 22, 2012 by and between GTS and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (the “GTS Wells Fargo Credit Facility”) and (b) the Secured Account Purchase Agreement dated August 22, 2012 by and between GCP and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (the “GCP Wells Fargo Credit Facility” and together with the GTS Wells Fargo Credit Facility, the “Wells Fargo Credit Facilities”), which will remain in effect following the consummation of the Global Merger. In connection with the Wells Fargo Credit Facilities, Novume has delivered to Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, general continuing guaranties dated September 29, 2017 and effective upon the Global Closing Date of the Global Merger (the “Wells Fargo Guaranty Agreements”), guaranteeing the Guaranteed Obligations of GTS and GCP (as defined in the Wells Fargo Guaranty Agreements) under the Wells Fargo Credit Facilities, and paid $175,000 in the aggregate to reduce the current borrowed amounts under the Wells Fargo Credit Facilities as of the Global Closing Date.
 
As part of the Global Merger, the Company created 240,861 shares of $0.0001 par value Novume Series B Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred Stock”). All Series B Preferred Stock was issued at a price of $10.00 per share as part of the acquisition of the Global Merger. The Series B Preferred Stock is entitled to quarterly cash dividends of 1.121% (4.484% per annum) per share. The Series B Preferred Stock has a conversion price of $5.00 per share. Each Series B Preferred Stock has an automatic conversion feature based on the share price of Novume.
 
Brekford Acquisition
 
On August 28, 2017, the mergers by and among Novume, KeyStone, Brekford, Brekford Merger Sub, Inc. (“Brekford Merger Sub”), and KeyStone Merger Sub, LLC (“KeyStone Merger Sub”) (the “Brekford Merger”), were consummated. As a result, Brekford became a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Novume, and Brekford Merger Sub ceased to exist. KeyStone Merger Sub also became a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Novume, and KeyStone Solutions, Inc. ceased to exist. When KeyStone Merger Sub filed its certificate of merger with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware, it immediately effectuated a name-change to KeyStone Solutions, LLC, the name by which it is now known.
 
 
9
 
 
Upon completion of the Brekford Merger, the merger consideration was issued in accordance with the terms of the merger agreement. Immediately upon completion of the Brekford Merger, the pre-merger stockholders of KeyStone owned approximately 80% of the issued and outstanding capital stock of the Novume on a fully-diluted basis, and the pre-merger stockholders of Brekford owned approximately 20% of the issued and outstanding capital stock of the Novume on a fully-diluted basis.
 
Firestorm Acquisition
 
On January 25, 2017 (the “Firestorm Closing Date”), Novume acquired the Firestorm Entities. Pursuant to the terms of the Membership Interest Purchase Agreement (the “MIPA”), by and among Novume, each of the Firestorm Entities, each of the Members of the Firestorm Entities, and a newly created acquisition subsidiary of Novume, Firestorm Holdings, LLC (“Firestorm Holdings”), Novume acquired all of the membership interests in each of the Firestorm Entities for the following consideration:
 
● 
$500,000 in cash in the aggregate paid by Novume as of the Firestorm Closing Date to the three principals of Firestorm (“Firestorm Principals”);
 
● 
$1,000,000 in the aggregate in the form of four unsecured, subordinated promissory notes issued by Novume payable over five years after the Firestorm Closing Date, to all the members (consisting of the Firestorm Principals and the fourth member of the Firestorm Entities (the “Fourth Member”). The notes payable to the Firestorm Principals are individually referred to herein as a “Firestorm Principal Note” and collectively, as the “Firestorm Principal Notes”. The Firestorm Principal Notes are payable at an interest rate of 2% and the Fourth Member Note is payable at an interest rate of 7%;
 
● 
Each of the Firestorm Principals was issued 162,698 (315,625 post Brekford Merger) shares of Novume common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, for an aggregate issuance of 488,094 (946,875 post Brekford Merger) shares of Novume common stock;
 
● 
Each of the Firestorm Principals received warrants to purchase 54,233 (105,209 post Brekford Merger) shares of Novume common stock, exercisable over a period of five years after the Firestorm Closing Date, at an exercise price of $2.58 per share; and
 
● 
Each of the Firestorm Principals received warrants to purchase 54,233 (105,209 post Brekford Merger) shares of Novume common stock, exercisable over a period of five years after the Firestorm Closing Date, at an exercise price of $3.60 per share.
 
Reportable Segments
 
Based on its analysis of current operations, management has determined that Novume has only one reportable segment, which is Novume. Management will continue to reevaluate its segment reporting as the Company grows and matures. However, the chief operating decision-maker currently uses aggregate results to make operating and strategic decisions, and, therefore, the Company believes its entire operation is currently covered under a single reportable segment.
 
Employees
 
As of March 31, 2018, Novume had 120 employees, of which 110 were full time, and access to approximately 400 consultants. We consider our employee relations to be good. To date, we have been able to locate and engage highly-qualified employees as needed and do not expect our growth efforts to be constrained by a lack of qualified personnel.
 
Trends and Seasonality
 
We generate revenues from fees and reimbursable expenses for professional services primarily billed on an hourly rate, time-and-materials (“T&M”) basis. Clients are typically invoiced monthly, with revenue recognized as the services are provided. T&M contracts represent over 95% of our client engagements and do not provide us with a high degree of predictability of future period performance. In a few cases, a fixed-fee engagement for our services may be entered into. Fixed-fee engagements can be invoiced once for the entire job, or there could be several “progress” invoices for accomplishing various phases or reaching contractual milestones.
 
Novume’s financial results are impacted principally by the:
 
1) 
demand by clients for services;
 
2) 
the degree to which full-time staff can be kept occupied in revenue-generating activities;
 
3) 
success of the sales team in generating client engagements; and
 
4) 
number of business days in each quarter.
 
 
 
10
 
 
The number of business days on which revenue is generated by our staff and consultants is affected by the number of vacation days taken, as well as the number of holidays in each quarter. There are typically fewer business work days available in the fourth quarter of the year, which can impact revenues during that period. The staff utilization rate can also be affected by seasonal variations in the demand for services from clients. Since earnings may be affected by these seasonal variations, results for any quarter are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be achieved for a full fiscal year.
 
Unexpected changes in the demand for our services can result in significant variations in revenues, and present a challenge to optimal hiring, staffing and use of consultants. The volume of work performed can vary from period to period.
 
Insurance and Risk Management
 
We maintain insurance covering professional liability and claims involving bodily injury, property and economic loss. We consider our present limits of coverage, deductibles, and reserves to be adequate. Whenever possible, we endeavor to eliminate or reduce the risk of loss on a project through the use of quality assurance and control, risk management, workplace safety, and other similar methods.
 
Risk management is an integral part of our project management approach for fixed-price contracts and our project execution process. We also evaluate risk through internal risk analyses in which our management reviews higher-risk projects, contracts, or other business decisions that require corporate legal and risk management approval.
 
Regulation
 
We are regulated in some of the fields in which we operate. When working with governmental agencies and entities, we must comply with laws and regulations relating to the formation, administration, and performance of contracts. These laws and regulations contain terms that, among other things may require certification and disclosure of all costs or pricing data in connection with various contract negotiations. We also work with U.S. federal government contractors and have staff cleared to work on classified materials. One of our leased facilities is cleared for classified material. We are subject to the laws and regulations that restrict the use and dissemination of information classified for national security purposes.
 
To help ensure compliance with these laws and regulations, our employees are sometimes required to complete tailored ethics and other compliance training relevant to their position and our operations.
 
Item 1A.  Risk Factors
 
Risks Relating to Our Corporate Structure and Business
 
We are currently not profitable and we may be unable to become profitable on a quarterly or annual basis.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2017, we had a loss from operations before taxes of $5,335,799. We cannot assure that we will be profitable in the future. Our ability to become profitable in future periods could be impacted by budgetary constraints, government and political agendas, economic instability and other items that are not in our control. We cannot assure that our financial performance will sustain a sufficient level to completely support operations. A significant portion of our expenses are fixed in advance. As such, we generally are unable to reduce our expenses significantly in the short-term to compensate for any unexpected delay or decrease in anticipated revenues or increases in planned investments. As a result, we may continue to experience operating losses and net losses in the future, which would make it difficult to fund operations and achieve our business plan and could cause the market price of our common stock to decline.
 
If we experience declining or flat revenues and fail to manage such declines effectively, we may be unable to execute our business plans and may experience future weaknesses in operating results.
 
To achieve future growth, we will need to continue to add additional qualified personnel, and invest in additional research and development and sales and marketing activities, which could lead to increases in our expenses and future declines in operating results. In addition, our future expansion is expected to place a significant strain on our managerial, administrative, operational, financial and other resources. If we are unable to manage these activities or any revenue declines successfully, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
 
 
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Our business has significant working capital needs and if we are unable to satisfy those needs from cash generated from our operations or borrowings under our revolving credit facility, our financial condition will be adversely affected.
 
We require significant amounts of working capital to operate our business. If we experience a significant and sustained drop in operating profits, or if there are unanticipated reductions in cash inflows or increases in cash outlays, we may be subject to cash shortfalls. If such a shortfall were to occur for even a brief period, it could have a significant adverse effect on our business. In particular, we use working capital to pay expenses relating to our employees and temporary workers and to satisfy our workers’ compensation liabilities. Generally, we pay our workers on a biweekly basis while we generally receive payments from our customers 30 to 60 days after billing. As a result, we must maintain sufficient cash availability to pay employees and independent contractors and fund related payroll liabilities prior to receiving payment from customers.
 
We have derived working capital for our operations through cash generated by our operating activities and borrowings under our revolving credit facility. We believe that our current sources of capital are adequate to meet our working capital needs. However, our available sources of capital are limited. If our working capital needs increase in the future, we may be forced to seek additional sources of capital, which may not be available on commercially reasonable terms.
 
The amount we are entitled to borrow under our revolving credit facility is calculated monthly based on the aggregate value of certain eligible trade accounts receivable generated from our operations, which are affected by financial, business, economic and other factors, as well as by the daily timing of cash collections and cash outflows. The aggregate value of our eligible accounts receivable may not be adequate to allow for borrowings for other corporate purposes, such as capital expenditures or growth opportunities, which could reduce our ability to react to changes in the market or industry conditions.
 
Our revolving credit facility includes various financial and other covenants with which the Company must comply in order to maintain borrowing availability and avoid penalties, including minimum fixed charge coverage ratio and minimum working capital ratio.
 
Any future failure to comply with the covenants which may occur under our revolving credit facility could result in an event of default which, if not cured or waived, could trigger prepayment obligations. There can be no assurance that any future lender will waive defaults that may occur in the future. If we were forced to refinance our revolving credit facility, there can be no assurance that such refinancing would be available or that such refinancing would not have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition. Even if such refinancing were available, the terms could be less favorable, and our results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected by increased costs and interest rates.
 
The success of our business will depend, in part, on the continued services of certain key personnel and our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel.
 
The success of our business will depend, in part, on the continued services of certain members of our management. In particular, the loss of the services of any of Robert A. Berman as Chief Executive Officer and our director, Harry Rhulen as President, and Suzanne Loughlin as Chief Administrative Officer and General Counsel could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, and financial condition. Our inability to attract and retain qualified personnel could significantly disrupt our business.
 
In addition, as a solutions provider that provides engineers, certified technicians and other professionals, our business is labor intensive and, therefore, our ability to attract, retain, and expand our senior management, sales personnel, and professional and technical staff is an important factor in determining our future success. The market for qualified engineers, certified technicians, and other professionals is competitive and we may not be able to attract and retain such professionals. It may also be difficult to attract and retain qualified individuals in the timeframe demanded by our clients. Furthermore, some of our contracts may require us to employ only individuals who have particular government security clearance levels. Our failure to attract and retain key individuals could impair our ability to provide services to our clients and conduct our business effectively.
 
Our strategy of growth through acquisitions could excessively burden or otherwise strain our business.
 
It is our intent to continue to grow through strategic acquisitions. Investigation of target businesses, and negotiations and financial arrangements to acquire them, require significant management efforts and involve substantial costs for accountants, attorneys and others. Successful integration of newly acquired target companies may place a significant burden on our management and internal resources, and may require the implementation of additional internal controls and management and financial systems. The diversion of management’s attention and any difficulties encountered in the transition and integration processes could harm our business, financial condition and operating results. In addition, we may be unable to execute our acquisition strategy as planned, resulting in under-utilized resources and a failure to achieve anticipated growth. Our operating results and financial condition will be adversely affected if we are unable to achieve, or achieve on a timely basis, cost savings or revenue opportunities from any future acquisitions, or incur unforeseen costs and expenses or experience unexpected operating difficulties from the integration of acquired businesses.
 
 
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We may fail to realize the anticipated benefits of acquisitions which we consummate.
 
We acquired Firestorm, Brekford, Global and BC Management in 2017, and Secure Education Consultants, LLC (“SEC LLC”) in January 2018. We have only just begun to integrate the operations of these acquired companies that previously operated independently. There can be no assurance that we will not encounter significant difficulties in integrating the respective operations of these companies.
 
The difficulties of integrating the acquisitions may include, among others:
 
unanticipated issues in integration of information, communications, and other systems;
 
unanticipated incompatibility of logistics, marketing, and administration methods;
 
integrating the business cultures of both companies;
 
preserving important strategic client relationships;
 
consolidating corporate and administrative infrastructures and eliminating duplicative operations; and
 
coordinating geographically separate organizations.
 
The achievement of the benefits expected from integration of the acquired companies may require us to incur significant costs. The incurrence of any such costs, as well as any unexpected costs or delays, in connection with such integration, could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results or financial condition.
 
We are subject to business uncertainties following the consummation of acquisitions that could adversely affect our business.
 
Uncertainties about the effect of our recent acquisitions on employees and customers may have an adverse effect on our company. These uncertainties may impair our ability to attract, retain and motivate key personnel for a period of time after the acquisitions, and could cause customers, suppliers and others that deal with us to seek to change existing business relationships with us, which may have an adverse effect on the Company. Employee retention may be particularly challenging, as employees may experience uncertainty about their future roles with the Company. If, despite our retention efforts, key employees depart because of issues relating to the uncertainty and difficulty of integration or a desire not to remain with us, as the case may be, our business could be seriously harmed.
 
Resources could be wasted in pursuing acquisitions that are not completed, which could materially adversely affect subsequent attempts to locate and acquire or merge with another business.
 
We anticipate that the investigation of each specific target business and the negotiation, drafting and execution of relevant agreements, disclosure documents and other instruments will require substantial management time and attention and substantial costs for accountants, attorneys and others. If we decide not to complete a potential business combination, the costs incurred up to that point for the proposed transaction likely would not be recoverable. Furthermore, if we reach an agreement relating to a specific target business, we may fail to complete a potential business combination for any number of reasons including those beyond our control. These may include terms and conditions which we are unable to satisfy or actions on the part of an acquisition target that prevents us from completing the acquisition on reasonable terms. Any such event will result in a loss to us of the related costs incurred, including fees and penalties for non-performance, which could materially adversely affect subsequent attempts to locate and acquire or merge with another business. We may also experience litigation intended to challenge or otherwise prevent the consummation of an acquisition or as a result of non-consummation of a planned merger. Such litigation may consume management resources, distract our personnel and result in publicity which affects our future acquisitions.
 
We may be required to write-down certain assets after completing our required annual evaluations, which may affect our reported financial results.
 
The initial determination of the fair value of assets we acquire upon consummation of an acquisition is based upon a valuation. We are required to analyze the carrying value of our acquired intangibles and goodwill on an annual basis going forward. After we complete the detailed annual evaluation of the carrying value of the intangible assets, we may be required to make adjustments to our consolidated balance sheet and/or statement of operations. Any adjustments will affect our reported financial results.
 
 
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We may issue additional notes or other debt securities, or otherwise incur substantial additional debt which may adversely affect our leverage and financial condition and thus negatively impact the value of our stockholders’ investment in the Company.
 
The anticipated cash needs of our business could change significantly as we pursue and complete business acquisitions, if our business plans change, if economic conditions change from those currently prevailing or from those now anticipated, or if other unexpected circumstances arise that may have a material effect on the cash flow or profitability of our business. As of December 31, 2017, we had $1,405,994 of notes payable and $3,663,586 due on lines of credit. On April 3, 2018, Novume and Brekford entered into a transaction pursuant to which an institutional investor loaned to $2,000,000 to Novume and Brekford. If we require additional capital resources to grow our business, either internally or through acquisition, we may need to seek to secure additional debt financing. We may not be able to obtain financing arrangements on acceptable terms or in amounts sufficient to meet our needs in the future.
 
The incurrence of debt could have a variety of negative effects, including:
 
default and foreclosure on our assets if our operating revenues are insufficient to repay our debt obligations;
 
acceleration of our obligations to repay the indebtedness even if we make all principal and interest payments when due if we breach certain covenants that require the maintenance of certain financial ratios or reserves without a waiver or renegotiation of that covenant;
 
our immediate payment of all principal and accrued interest, if any, if the debt security is payable on demand;
 
our inability to obtain necessary additional financing if the debt security contains covenants restricting our ability to obtain such financing while the debt security is outstanding;
 
increased vulnerability to adverse changes in general economic, industry and competitive conditions and adverse changes in government regulation; and
 
limitations on our ability to borrow additional amounts for expenses, capital expenditures, acquisitions, debt service requirements, execution of our strategy and other purposes and other disadvantages compared to our competitors who have less debt.
 
Improper disclosure of confidential and personal data could result in liability and harm to our reputation.
 
We store and processes increasingly large amounts of confidential information concerning our employees, customers and vendors, as well as confidential information on behalf of our customers and must ensure that such storage and processing is compliant with our contractual obligations and all applicable national and local privacy laws, rules, and regulations. These laws, rules, and regulations can vary significantly from country to country, with many being more onerous than those in the U.S. The risk of failing to comply with these laws, rules, and regulations increases as we continue to expand globally and become subject to an increasing number of foreign laws, rules, and regulations. Moreover, we must ensure that all of our vendors who have access to such information also have the appropriate privacy policies, procedures and protections in place. Although we take appropriate measures to protect such information, the continued occurrence of high-profile data breaches provides evidence of an external environment increasingly hostile to information security. If our security measures are breached as a result of third-party action, employee or subcontractor error, malfeasance or otherwise, and, as a result, someone obtains unauthorized access to customer data, our reputation may be damaged, our business may suffer and we could incur significant liability. Techniques used to obtain unauthorized access or to sabotage systems change frequently and are growing increasingly sophisticated. As a result, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate preventative measures.
 
This environment demands that we continuously improve our design and coordination of security controls throughout the Company. Despite these efforts, it is possible that our security controls over data, training, and other practices we follow may not prevent the improper disclosure of personally identifiable or other confidential information.
 
If an actual or perceived breach of our security occurs, we could be liable under laws and regulations that protect personal or other confidential data resulting in increases costs or loss of revenues and the market perception of our services could be harmed.
 
 
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Our business could be negatively impacted by cyber and other security threats or disruptions.
 
We face various cyber and other security threats, including attempts to gain unauthorized access to sensitive information and networks; insider threats; threats to the security of our facilities and infrastructure; and threats from terrorist acts or other acts of aggression. Cyber threats are constant and evolving and include, but are not limited to, computer viruses, malicious software, destructive malware, attacks by computer hackers attempts to gain unauthorized access to data, disruption or denial of service attacks, and other electronic security breaches that could lead to disruptions in mission critical systems, unauthorized release or loss of confidential, personal or otherwise protected information (ours or that of our employees, customers or subcontractors), and corruption of data, networks or systems. In addition, we could be impacted by cyber threats or other disruptions or vulnerabilities found in products we use or in our partners’ or customers’ systems that are used in connection with our business. Our clients and subcontractors face similar threats and/or they may not be able to detect or deter them, or effectively to mitigate resulting losses. These threats could damage our reputation as well as our subcontractor’s ability to perform and could affect our client’s ability to pay.
 
Although we use various procedures and controls to monitor and mitigate the risk of these threats to us, our clients and our partners, there can be no assurance that these procedures and controls will be sufficient. The impact of these factors is difficult to predict, but one or more of them could result in the loss of information or capabilities, harm to individuals or property, damage to our reputation and/or require remedial actions or lead to loss of business, regulatory actions potential liability and financial loss, any one of which could have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations and/or cash flows.
 
We are dependent upon technology services, and if we experience damage, service interruptions or failures in our computer and telecommunications systems, our customer and worker relationships and our ability to attract new customers may be adversely affected.
 
Our business could be interrupted by damage to or disruption of our computer, telecommunications equipment, or software systems. Our customers’ businesses may be adversely affected by any system or equipment failure we experience. As a result of any of the foregoing, our relationships with our customers may be impaired, we may lose customers, our ability to attract new customers may be adversely affected and we could be exposed to contractual liability. Precautions in place to protect us from, or minimize the effect of, such events may not be adequate.
 
In addition, the failure or disruption of mail, communications and/or utilities could cause an interruption or suspension of our operations or otherwise harm our business. Our property and business interruption insurance may be inadequate to compensate us for all losses that may occur as a result of any system or operational failure or disruption and, as a result, revenue, profits and operating results could be adversely affected.
 
If we do not keep pace with rapid technological changes and evolving industry standards, we will not be able to remain competitive, and the demand for our services will likely decline.
 
The markets in which we operate are in general characterized by the following factors:
 
changes due to rapid technological advances;
 
additional qualification requirements related to technological challenges; and
 
evolving industry standards and changes in the regulatory and legislative environment.
 
Our future success will depend upon our ability to anticipate and adapt to changes in technology and industry standards, and to effectively develop, introduce, market and gain broad acceptance of new product and service enhancements incorporating the latest technological advancements.
 
Improvements in communications technology could expand the pool of potential competitors and diminish the demand for our traditional services.
 
Based on recent technological developments, the market for outsourced services may diminish. Some of our competitors are beginning to advertise for various services on line, including experts for sale, anonymous authors to complete certain proposal sections for an “introductory fee,” and even selling entire proposals on-line, sometimes by overseas vendors at extremely low prices. If these companies are successful at providing traditional consulting services at prices we cannot compete with, it may diminish the demand for some of our services, which may adversely affect our revenues, results of operations and financial condition.
 
 
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We operate in a highly competitive industry with low barriers to entry, and may be unable to compete successfully against existing or new competitors.
 
Our business is highly competitive, and we compete with companies that may have greater name recognition and financial resources, as well as many independent sole proprietors who sell themselves as outsourced resources. We also compete with providers of outsourcing services, systems integrators, computer systems consultants and other providers of services. We expect that the level of competition will remain high, which could limit our ability to maintain or increase our market share or profitability.
 
The needs of our clients change and evolve regularly. Accordingly, our success depends on our ability to develop services and solutions that address these changing needs of our clients, and to provide people and technology needed to deliver these services and solutions. In order to compete effectively in our markets, we must target our potential customers carefully, continue to improve our efficiencies and the scope and quality of our services, and rely on our service quality, innovation, and client relations to provide services on a cost-effective basis to our clients. Our competitors may be able to provide clients with different or greater capabilities or technologies or better contract terms than we can provide, including technical qualifications, past contract experience, geographic presence, price and the availability of qualified professional personnel.
 
In addition, heightened competition among our existing competitors, especially on a price basis, or by new entrants into the market, could create additional competitive pressures that may reduce our margins and adversely affect our business. If our competitive advantages are not compelling or sustainable, then we are unlikely to increase or sustain profits and our stock price could decline.
 
Our business is subject to risks associated with geographic market concentration.
 
The geographic concentration of revenue greater than 10% of our pro forma consolidated revenue in fiscal years 2017 and 2016 was generated in the following areas:
 
State
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
Texas
    34.7%
    36.4%
Virginia
    29.5%
    34.7%
 
Consequently, economic conditions in these regions could reduce demand for our products and services, increase costs or otherwise have a material adverse effect on our financial position and results of future operations.
 
A downturn of the U.S. or global economy could result in our customers using fewer workforce solutions and services or becoming unable to pay us for our services on a timely basis or at all, which would materially adversely affect our business.
 
Because demand for our solutions and services are sensitive to changes in the level of economic activity, our business may suffer during economic downturns. During periods of weak economic growth or economic contraction, the demand for outsourced services could decline. When demand drops, our operating profit could be impacted unfavorably as we experience a deleveraging of our selling and administrative expense base because expenses may not decline as quickly as revenues. In periods of decline, we can only reduce selling and administrative expenses to a certain level without negatively impacting the long-term potential of our business.
 
Additionally, during economic downturns companies may slow the rate at which they pay their vendors, or they may become unable to pay their obligations. If our customers become unable to pay amounts owed to us, or pay us more slowly, then our cash flow and profitability may suffer significantly.
 
We may be exposed to employment-related claims and losses, including class action lawsuits, which could have a material adverse effect on our business.
 
We typically place or assign personnel in the workplaces of other businesses. The risks of these activities include possible claims relating to:
 
discrimination and harassment;
 
wrongful termination or denial of employment;
 
violations of employment rights related to employment screening or privacy issues;
 
 
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classification of temporary workers;
 
assignment of illegal aliens;
 
violations of wage and hour requirements;
 
retroactive entitlement to temporary worker benefits;
 
errors and omissions by our independent contractors or temporary workers;
  
misuse of customer proprietary information;
 
misappropriation of funds;
 
damage to customer facilities due to negligence; and
 
criminal activity.
 
We may incur fines and other losses or negative publicity with respect to these claims. In addition, these claims may give rise to litigation, which could be time-consuming and expensive. New employment and labor laws and regulations may be proposed or adopted that may increase the potential exposure of employers to employment-related claims and litigation. There can be no assurance that the corporate policies we have in place to help reduce our exposure to these risks will be effective or that we will not experience losses as a result of these risks. There can also be no assurance that the insurance policies we have purchased to insure against certain risks will be adequate or that insurance coverage will remain available on commercially reasonable terms or be sufficient in amount or scope of coverage.
 
We are dependent on workers’ compensation insurance coverage at commercially reasonable terms.
 
We provide workers’ compensation insurance for our employees and temporary workers and are contractually obligated to collateralize our workers’ compensation obligations under our workers’ compensation program through irrevocable letters of credit, surety bonds or cash. A significant portion of our workers’ compensation program renews annually on January 1 of each year, and as part of the renewal, could be subject to an increase in collateral. In addition, collateral requirements can be significant and place pressure on our liquidity and working capital capacity. Further, we cannot be certain we will be able to obtain appropriate types or levels of insurance in the future or that adequate replacement policies will be available on commercially reasonable terms. Depending on future changes in collateral requirements, we could be required to seek additional sources of capital in the future, which may not be available on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. The loss of our workers’ compensation insurance coverage would prevent us from doing business in the majority of our markets
 
The spending cuts imposed by Congress could impact our operating results.
 
The U.S. government continues to focus on developing and implementing spending, tax, and other initiatives to stimulate the economy, create jobs, and reduce the deficit. One of these initiatives, the Budget Control Act of 2011 (the “BCA”), imposed constraints around U.S. government spending. In an attempt to balance decisions regarding defense, homeland security, and other federal spending priorities, the BCA imposed spending caps that contain approximately $487 billion in reductions to the Department of Defense base budgets over a seven-year period (to 2021). Additionally, the BCA triggered an automatic sequestration process, effective March 1, 2013, that would have reduced planned defense spending by an additional $500 billion over a nine-year period that began in the U.S. government’s 2013 fiscal year. In 2015, the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 (“BBA 2015”) raised the limit on the U.S. government’s debt until March 2017 and raised the sequester caps imposed by the BCA. The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 (“BBA 2013”) suspended some budget cuts that would have otherwise been instituted through sequestration in the U.S. government’s 2014 and 2015 fiscal years. While BBA 2013 and BBA 2015 (collectively, the “Bipartisan Budget Acts”), taken together, increased discretionary spending limits through the U.S. government’s 2017 fiscal year, the Bipartisan Budget Acts retained sequestration cuts for the U.S. government’s 2018 through 2021 fiscal years.
 
 
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In March 2018, the Consolidated Appropriations Act (the “2018 Act”) was signed into law. It provides $1.3 trillion in funding through September 2018 and represents the largest investment in national defense in 15 years. It also anticipates $500 billion in new federal spending for defense and domestic programs over two years. Although the 2018 Act included a 2.4% pay raise for military personnel it also provides for significant increases military procurements. Furthermore, the 2018 Act seeks to maximize the participation of small and socio-economically diverse companies, which may increase the number of contractors offering goods and services to the federal government.
 
There remains uncertainty regarding how, or if, sequestration cuts will be applied in the U.S. government’s 2019 fiscal year and beyond. Despite the increases provided for in the Bipartisan Budget Act and the 2018 Act, in light of the budget restrictions under the BCA that will be in effect through 2021 and other deficit reduction pressures which may arise in the future, the degree of congressional constraint on discretionary spending by the U.S. government will remain a question for a number of years.
 
If annual appropriations bills are not enacted on a timely basis for the future fiscal years, the U.S. government may once again operate under continuing resolution(s), thus abating RFP processes and restricting new contracts or program starts and resulting in government slowdowns, or even shutdowns. The uncertainty regarding the volume of RFPs issued by the U.S. government could have long-term impacts for our industry and our Company, including that we may not have sufficient resources to handle any increase in demand for services.
 
Since we generate significant revenues from clients that bid on contracts with U.S. government agencies, our operating results could be adversely affected by spending caps or changes in the budgetary priorities of the U.S. government, as well as by delays in RFP processes, program starts or the award of contracts or task orders under contracts.
 
A delay in the completion of the budget process of the U.S. government could delay procurement of our services and have an adverse effect on our future revenue.
 
When the U.S. government does not complete its budget process before its fiscal year-end on September 30 in any year, government operations are typically funded by means of a continuing resolution. Under a continuing resolution, the government essentially authorizes agencies of the U.S. government to continue to operate and fund programs at the prior year end but does not authorize new spending initiatives. When the U.S. government operates under a continuing resolution, government agencies may delay the procurement of services, which could reduce our future revenue.
 
If our contractors and subcontractors fail to satisfy their obligations to us or other parties, or if we are unable to maintain these relationships, our revenue, profitability, and growth prospects could be adversely affected.
 
We depend on contractors and subcontractors in conducting our business. There is a risk that we may have disputes with our contractors or subcontractors arising from, among other things, the quality and timeliness of work performed by the contractor or subcontractor, client concerns about the contractor or subcontractor, or our failure to extend existing task orders or issue new task orders under a contract or subcontract. In addition, if any of our subcontractors fail to perform the agreed-upon services, go out of business, or fail to perform on a project, then our ability to fulfill our obligations as a prime contractor may be jeopardized and we may be contractually responsible for the work performed by those contractors or subcontractors. Historically, our relationship with our contractors and subcontractors have been good, and we have not experienced any material failure of performance by our contractors and subcontractors. However, there can be no assurance that such experience will continue and the absence of qualified subcontractors with which we have a satisfactory relationship could adversely affect the quality of our service and our ability to perform under some of our contracts.
 
We also rely on relationships with other contractors when we act as their subcontractor or joint venture partner. Our future revenue and growth prospects could be adversely affected if other contractors eliminate or reduce their subcontracts or teaming arrangement relationships with us or if a government agency terminates or reduces these other contractors’ programs, does not award them new contracts, or refuses to pay under a contract.
 
Due to the competitive process to obtain contracts and an increase in bid protests, we may be unable to achieve or sustain revenue growth and profitability.
 
We expect that some of the business that we seek in the foreseeable future will be under service agreements awarded to our clients through a competitive bidding process, including Indefinite Delivery/Indefinite Quantity (“ID/IQ”) contracts. The U.S. government has increasingly relied on contracts that are subject to a competitive bidding process, which has resulted in greater competition and increased pricing pressure. As a result, there is a tendency for it to place emphasis on low price over technical merit when selecting contractors. This in turn can result in the U.S. government contracts market attracting extremely low-priced competitors who expect consulting products and services to be priced accordingly. Government contractors may decide that they can prepare their bid responses with internal resources and not engage outside organizations to assist this process.
 
 
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The competitive bidding process involves substantial costs and a number of risks, including significant cost and managerial time to prepare bids and proposals for contracts that may not be awarded to our clients, and therefore puts our reputation at risk and may affect our future contracts with these clients, or that may be awarded but for which we customers do not receive meaningful task orders which might make them less likely to bid for additional task orders. For support contracts awarded to us, we also face the risk of inaccurately estimating the resources and costs that will be required to fulfill these engagements, which also could impact our reputation and the likelihood of getting additional engagements for capture and proposal support.
 
Our business is directly tied to the success of our government contracting clients, which are increasingly reliant on ID/IQ contracts. ID/IQ contracts are not firm orders for services, and we may generate limited or no revenue from these contracts which could adversely affect our operating performance.
 
ID/IQ contracts are typically awarded to multiple contractors, and the award of an ID/IQ contract does not represent a firm order for services. Generally, under an ID/IQ contract, the government is not obligated to order a minimum of services or supplies from its contractor, irrespective of the total estimated contract value. In effect, an ID/IQ award acts as a “license,” permitting a government contractor to bid on task orders issued under the ID/IQ contract, but not guaranteeing the award of individual task orders. Following an award under a multi-award ID/IQ program, the customer develops requirements for task orders that are competitively bid against all of the contract awardees. However, many contracts also permit the U.S. government to direct work to a specific contractor. Our clients may not win new task orders under these contracts for various reasons, including price, past performance and responsiveness, among others. We support our government contractor clients both when they compete to get the umbrella ID/IQ contract and subsequently when we help the winners of those contracts compete for individual tasks. The proposals for both stages can be relatively brief and require quick turn-arounds, thus potentially reducing some opportunities to be awarded significant turn-key engagements. While it is possible that the increased importance of winning the umbrella ID/IQ contract will prompt clients to hire outside firms to prepare their proposals, it is also likely that government contractors will decide to prepare ID/IQ proposals without the assistance from outside experts.
 
We incur substantial costs as a result of operating as a public company and our management is required to devote substantial time to related compliance matters.
 
As a public company, we incur significant legal, accounting, and other expenses. under rules implemented by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), and The NASDAQ Stock Market (“NASDAQ”). These impose various requirements on public companies, including establishing and maintaining effective disclosure and financial controls and corporate governance practices. Our management team will need to devote a substantial amount of time to these compliance requirements and we may need to hire additional personnel. Moreover, these rules and regulations will increase our legal and financial compliance costs and will make some activities more time-consuming and costly.
 
Pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, we are required to furnish a report by our management on our internal control over financial reporting. To achieve compliance with Section 404, we engage in a process to document and evaluate our internal control over financial reporting, which is both costly and challenging. In this regard, we will need to continue to dedicate internal resources, potentially engage outside consultants, and adopt a detailed work plan to assess and document the adequacy of internal control over financial reporting, continue steps to improve control processes as appropriate, validate through testing that controls are functioning as documented, and implement a continuous reporting and improvement process for internal control over financial reporting.
 
In addition, changing laws, regulations, and standards relating to corporate governance and public disclosure are creating uncertainty for public companies, increasing legal and financial compliance costs, and making some activities more time consuming. These laws, regulations and standards are subject to varying interpretations, in many cases due to their lack of specificity and, as a result, their application in practice may evolve over time as new guidance is provided by regulatory and governing bodies. This could result in continuing uncertainty regarding compliance matters and higher costs necessitated by ongoing revisions to disclosure and governance practices. We intend to invest resources to comply with evolving laws, regulations, and standards, and this investment may result in increased general and administrative expenses and divert management’s time and attention from revenue-generating activities to compliance activities. If our efforts to comply with new laws, regulations and standards differ from the activities intended by regulatory or governing bodies due to ambiguities related to their application and practice, regulatory authorities may initiate legal proceedings against us and our business may be harmed.
 
As a public company, complying with applicable rules and regulations will make it more expensive for us to obtain director and officer liability insurance, and we may be required to incur substantially higher costs to obtain and maintain the same or similar coverage.
 
 
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We have identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting. If we fail to develop or maintain an effective system of internal controls, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results or prevent fraud. As a result, current and potential stockholders could lose confidence in our financial reporting, which would harm our business and the trading price of our securities.
 
In connection with the audit of our consolidated financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, our management concluded that the Company had material weaknesses in its internal controls because we did not have adequately designed internal controls to ensure the timely preparation and review of the accounting for certain complex, non-routine transactions by those with appropriate technical expertise, which was necessary to provide reasonable assurance that the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related disclosures would be prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America. In addition, we did not have adequately designed and documented financial close and management review controls to properly detect and prevent certain accounting errors and omitted disclosures in the footnotes to the consolidated financial statements. As defined in the Standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, a material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the Company’s annual or interim consolidated financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Our management is developing a plan to remediate the material weaknesses although there can be no assurance that such plans, when enacted, will be successful.
 
Management continues to review and assess our internal controls to ensure we have adequate internal financial and accounting controls. However, any failure to maintain or implement required new or improved controls, or any difficulties we encounter in their implementation, could result in additional material weaknesses, and cause us to fail to meet our periodic reporting obligations or result in material misstatements in our financial statements. Any such failure could also adversely affect the results of periodic management evaluations regarding the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting that are required with respect to annual reports that we will file. The existence of a material weakness could result in errors in our financial statements that could cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations and cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information which may lead to a decline in our stock price.
 
Our ability to use our net operating losses to offset future taxable income may be subject to certain limitations, which could subject our business to higher tax liability.
 
We may be limited in the portion of net operating loss carry-forwards that we can offset future taxable income with for U.S. federal and state income tax purposes. As of December 31, 2017, we had federal and state net operating loss carryforwards, or NOLs, of approximately $5.91 million and $0.27 million, respectively. A lack of future taxable income could adversely affect our ability to use these NOLs. In addition, future changes in our stock ownership, including through acquisitions, could result in ownership changes under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code and may result in a limitation on the amount of NOL carry-forwards that could be used annually to offset future taxable income and taxes payable. Our NOLs at December 31, 2017 may also be impaired under similar provisions of state law, and may expire unused or underused, which would prevent us from using our NOL carry-forwards to offset future taxable income.
 
We may need to raise additional capital in the future, which may not be available on acceptable terms, or at all.
 
We have experienced volatility in earnings and cash flows from operations from year to year. If our business declines, we may need to raise additional capital to pursue acquisitions or expand our operations. Such additional capital may be raised through bank borrowings, or other debt or equity financings. We cannot assure you that any additional capital will be available on a timely basis, on acceptable terms, or at all, and such additional financing may result in further dilution to our stockholders.
 
Our capital requirements will depend on many factors, including, but not limited to:
 
potential acquisitions of businesses and product lines;
 
our ability to control costs;
 
our ability to increase revenue, reduce net losses or generate net income;
 
increased research and development expenses and sales and marketing expenses;
 
our need to respond to technological advancements and our competitors’ introductions of new products, services or technologies;
 
 
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capital improvements to new and existing facilities and enhancements to subsidiaries’ infrastructure and systems;
 
market acceptance of our services, and the overall level of sales of our services;
 
our relationships with customers and suppliers and the promptness of their payments;
 
government budgets, political agendas and other funding issues, including potential delays in government contract awards;
 
our ability to successfully negotiate arrangements with credit providers and the state of the financial markets, in general; and
 
general economic conditions, including the level of economic activity and the effects of international conflicts.
 
If our capital requirements are materially different from those currently planned, we may need additional capital sooner than anticipated. If additional funds are raised through the issuance of equity or convertible debt securities, the percentage ownership of our stockholders will be reduced and such securities may have rights, preferences and privileges senior to our common stock. Additional equity or debt financing may not be available on favorable terms, on a timely basis, or at all. If adequate funds are not available or are not available on acceptable terms, we may be unable to continue our operations as planned, develop or enhance our products, expand our sales and marketing programs, take advantage of future opportunities or respond to competitive pressures, or we may be forced to sell assets at prices below their stated value.
 
Risks Relating to our Common Stock
 
There has been a limited public market for our common stock, the stock price of our common stock may be volatile or may decline regardless of our performance, and you may not be able to resell your shares at or above the public offering price.
 
Our common stock was previously quoted on the OTCQX and has been trading on the Nasdaq Capital Market since January 10, 2018. There is no established trading market for some of our securities and there has been a limited public market for our common stock. The market prices of the securities of newly listed companies can be highly volatile. The market price of our common stock may fluctuate significantly in response to numerous factors, many of which are beyond our control, including:
 
overall performance of the equity markets;
 
variations in our results of operations, cash flows, and other financial metrics and non-financial metrics, and how those results compare to analyst expectations;
 
changes in the financial projections we may provide to the public or our failure to meet those projections;
 
failure of securities analysts to initiate or maintain coverage of us, changes in financial estimates by any securities analysts who follow our company, or our failure to meet these estimates or the expectations of investors;
 
our ability to raise additional capital
 
recruitment or departure of key personnel;
 
variations in general market, financial markets, economic, and political conditions in the United States;
 
rumors and market speculation involving us or other companies in our industry;
 
announcements by us or our competitors of significant technical innovations or new business models;
 
acquisitions, strategic partnerships, joint ventures, or capital commitments;
 
new laws, regulations, or executive orders, or new interpretations of existing laws or regulations applicable to our business;
 
lawsuits threatened or filed against us, or unfavorable determinations or settlements in any such suits;
 
developments or disputes concerning our intellectual property or our technology, or third-party proprietary rights;
 
 
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changes in accounting standards, policies, guidelines, interpretations, or principles;
 
other events or factors, including those resulting from war, incidents of terrorism, or responses to these events;
 
the expiration of contractual lock-up or market standoff agreements;
 
sales of shares of our common stock by us or our stockholders;
 
delays in government contracts and funding from time to time and budgetary constraints at the federal, state and local levels;
 
the long lead times associated with government contracts;
 
our ability to control costs;
 
our ability to develop, introduce, patent, market and gain market acceptance of new products, applications and product enhancements in a timely manner, or at all;
 
market acceptance of the products incorporating our technologies and products;
 
the introduction of new products by competitors;
 
the availability and cost of components used in the manufacture of our products;
 
our success in expanding and implementing our sales and marketing programs;
 
the effects of technological changes in our target markets;
 
the nature of our government contracts;
 
decrease in revenues derived from key or significant customers;
 
risks and uncertainties associated with our international business;
 
general economic and political conditions;
 
other factors beyond our control, including but not limited to, natural disasters.
 
In addition, the stock markets have experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations that have affected and continue to affect the market prices of equity securities of many companies. Stock prices of many companies have fluctuated in a manner unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of those companies. In the past, stockholders have instituted securities class action litigation following periods of market volatility. If we were to become involved in securities litigation, it could subject us to substantial costs, divert resources and the attention of management from our business, and harm our business.
 
If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or publish inaccurate or unfavorable reports about our business, our stock price and trading volume could decline.
 
The trading market for our common stock will depend in part on the research and reports that securities or industry analysts publish about us or our business, our market and our competitors. We do not have any control over these analysts. If one or more of the analysts who cover us downgrade our shares or change their opinion of our shares, our share price would likely decline. If one or more of these analysts cease covering us or fail to regularly publish reports on us, we could lose visibility in the financial markets, which could cause our share price or trading volume to decline.
 
 
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Sales of a substantial number of shares of our common stock may cause the price of our common stock to decline.
 
As of as of March 31, 2018, we have outstanding a total of 14,496,697 shares of common stock and 1,322,913 warrants. Based on shares outstanding as of March 31, 2018, 14,518,690 shares of common stock, or 66.6%, are held by our officers, directors and their affiliated entities, and will be subject to volume limitations under Rule 144 under the Securities Act and various vesting agreements. In addition, 2,585,021 shares of our common stock that are subject to outstanding options and warrants as of March 31, 2018, as well as 811,514 shares issuable upon the conversion of our Series A Preferred Stock, and 481,722 shares issuable upon the conversion of our Series B Preferred Stock, will become eligible for sale in the public market to the extent permitted by the provisions of various vesting agreements, and Rules 144 and 701 under the Securities Act.
 
We cannot predict what effect, if any, sales of our shares in the public market or the availability of shares for sale will have on the market price of our common stock. However, future sales of substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market, including shares issued on exercise of outstanding options, or the perception that such sales may occur, could adversely affect the market price of our common stock.
 
We also expect that significant additional capital may be needed in the future to continue our planned operations. To raise capital, we may sell common stock, convertible securities or other equity securities in one or more transactions at prices and in a manner we determine from time to time. These sales, or the perception in the market that the holders of a large number of shares intend to sell shares, could reduce the market price of our common stock.
 
We do not intend to pay dividends on our common stock for the foreseeable future.
 
We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock and do not intend to pay any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. Our Series A Preferred Stock and our Series B Preferred Stock are entitled to quarterly dividends as set forth in more detail in the section entitled “Description of Capital Stock.” We currently anticipate that for the foreseeable future we will retain all of our future earnings for the development, operation and growth of our business and for general corporate purposes. Any future determination to pay dividends on our common stock in will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors. Accordingly, investors must rely on sales of their common stock after price appreciation, which may never occur, as the only way to realize any future gains on their investments.
 
Our executive officers, directors, principal stockholders and their affiliates will continue to exercise significant influence over our company after this offering, which will limit your ability to influence corporate matters and could delay or prevent a change in corporate control.
 
As of March 31, 2018, our executive officers, directors, five percent or greater stockholders and their respective affiliates owned in the aggregate approximately 79.0% of our common stock.
 
These stockholders have the ability to influence us through this ownership position and may be able to determine all matters requiring stockholder approval. For example, these stockholders may be able to control elections of directors, amendments of our organizational documents, or approval of any merger, sale of assets, or other major corporate transaction. This may prevent or discourage unsolicited acquisition proposals or offers for our common stock that you may feel are in your best interest as one of our stockholders. The interests of this group of stockholders may not always coincide with your interests or the interests of other stockholders and they may act in a manner that advances their best interests and not necessarily those of other stockholders, including seeking a premium value for their common stock, and might affect the prevailing market price for our common stock.
 
We are a "smaller reporting company" and, as a result of the reduced disclosure and governance requirements applicable to smaller reporting companies, our common stock may be less attractive to investors.
 
We are a "smaller reporting company," meaning that we are not an investment company, an asset-backed issuer, or a majority-owned subsidiary of a parent company that is not a "smaller reporting company," have a public float of less than $75 million and have annual revenues of less than $50 million during the most recently completed fiscal year. As a "smaller reporting company," we are subject to lesser disclosure obligations in our SEC filings compared to other issuers. Specifically, "smaller reporting companies" are able to provide simplified executive compensation disclosures in their filings, are exempt from the provisions of Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act requiring that independent registered public accounting firms provide an attestation report on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting and have certain other decreased disclosure obligations in their SEC filings, including, among other things, only being required to provide two years of audited consolidated financial statements in annual reports. Decreased disclosures in our SEC filings due to our status a "smaller reporting company" may make it harder for investors to analyze our operating results and financial prospects.
 
 
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Delaware law and provisions in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws could make a merger, tender offer or proxy contest difficult, thereby depressing the trading price of our common stock.
 
The anti-takeover provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law, or the DGCL, may discourage, delay or prevent a change of control by prohibiting us from engaging in a business combination with stockholders owning in excess of 15% of our outstanding voting stock for a period of three years after the person becomes an interested stockholder, even if a change of control would be beneficial to our existing stockholders. In addition, our certificate of incorporation and bylaws contain provisions that may make the acquisition of our company more difficult, including:
 
the vote of 66 2/3 of the voting power of the corporation entitled to vote at an election of directors is required for the removal of a member of our Board;
 
the vote of 66 2/3 of the voting power of the corporation entitled to vote at an election of directors is required before any of our Bylaws may, at any annual meeting or at any special meeting called for that purpose, be altered, amended, rescinded or repealed; and
 
the request of one or more stockholders holding shares in the aggregate entitled to cast not less than 35% of the vote at a meeting is required to call a stockholder meeting.
 
These provisions could also discourage proxy contests and make it more difficult for you and other stockholders to elect directors of your choosing and cause us to take certain actions you desire.
 
Item 1B.  Unresolved Staff Comments
 
Not applicable for smaller reporting companies.
 
Item 2.  Properties
 
Our principal executive offices are located at 14200 Albemarle Point Place, Suite 200, Chantilly, Virginia. We do not own any real property. We currently operate out of eight leased locations and our lease terms are multiyear commitments. We do not consider any of our leased properties to be materially important to us. While we believe it is necessary to maintain offices through which our services are coordinated, we feel there are sufficient available office rental properties to adequately serve our needs should we need to relocate or expand our operations.
 
Item 3.  Legal Proceedings
 
In the ordinary conduct of our business, we are subject to lawsuits, arbitrations and administrative proceedings from time to time. We expense legal costs as incurred.
 
Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosures
 
Not applicable.
 
 
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PART II
 
Item 5.  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
In January 2018, our common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, commenced trading on the Nasdaq Capital Market (the “NASDAQ”) under the symbol “NVMM”. Previously, our common stock was quoted on the OTCQX under the symbol “NVMM” commencing August 29, 2017.
 
Set forth below are the high and low sales prices for our common stock, as reported on the NASDAQ.
 
 
 
High
 
 
Low
 
Year Ending December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fourth Quarter
 $5.50 
 $1.51 
Third Quarter (1)
 $5.00 
 $0.51 
 
(1)
Our common stock commenced trading on August 29, 2017.
 
Holders
 
As of March 31, 2018, there were approximately 58 registered holders of record of our common stock, excluding stockholders for whom shares are held in "nominee" or "street name." The actual number of common stockholders is greater than the number of record holders, and includes stockholders who are beneficial owners, but whose shares are held in street name by brokers and other nominees. This number of holders of record also does not include stockholders whose shares may be held in trust by other entities.
 
Dividend Policy
 
We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock and we currently do not anticipate paying any cash dividends for the foreseeable future. Instead, we anticipate that all of our earnings will be used to provide working capital, to support our operations, and to finance the growth and development of our business, including potentially the acquisition of, or investment in, businesses, technologies or products that complement our existing business. Any future determination relating to dividend policy will be made at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend on a number of factors, including, but not limited to, our future earnings, capital requirements, financial condition, future prospects, applicable Delaware law, which provides that dividends are only payable out of surplus or current net profits and other factors our Board of Directors might deem relevant.
 
 
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Securities authorized for issuance under equity compensation plans.
 
The following table provides information about our equity compensation plans as of December 31, 2017.
 
Equity Compensation Plan Information
 
 
 
Number of securities to be issued upon exercise of outstanding options, warrants and rights
(a)
 
 
Weighted-average exercise price of outstanding options, warrants and rights
(b)
 
 
Number of securities remaining available for future issuance under equity compensation plans (excluding securities reflected in column (a))
(c)
 
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders
  1,695,375 
 $2.19 
  1,304,625 
Total
  1,695,375 
 $2.19 
  1,304,625 
 
Our Board has adopted the 2017 Equity Award Plan (the “2017 Plan”). The purpose of the 2017 Plan is to promote the interests of Novume (including its subsidiaries and affiliates, if any) and its stockholders by using equity interests in Novume to attract, retain and motivate its management, nonemployee directors and other eligible persons and to encourage and reward their contributions to our performance and profitability. The total shares of our common stock issuable under the Plan is 3,000,000 shares.
 
Sales of Unregistered Securities
 
On December 31, 2017, Novume completed its acquisition of certain assets of BC Management. Consideration paid as part of this acquisition included: 33,333 shares of Novume common stock valued at $163,332; warrants to purchase 33,333 shares of Novume common stock, exercisable over a period of five years, at an exercise price of $5.44 per share valued at $65,988; and warrants to purchase 33,333 shares of Novume common stock, exercisable over a period of five years at an exercise price of $6.53 per share valued at $57,484.
 
The foregoing issuances were issued in reliance upon the exemptions from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, provided by Section 4(a)(2) and Rule 506 of Regulation D promulgated thereunder.
 
Item 6.  Selected Financial Data
 
As a “smaller reporting company” as defined by Item 10 of Regulation S-K, the Company is not required to provide information required by this Item.
 
 
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Item 7.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Certain statements in Management’s Discussion and Analysis or MD&A, other than purely historical information are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. These include estimates, projections, and statements relating to our business plans, objectives and expected operating results, and the assumptions upon which those statements are based. These forward-looking statements generally are identified by the words “believe,” “project,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intend,” “strategy,” “plan,” “may,” “should,” “will,” “would,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result,” and similar expressions. Historical results may not indicate future performance. Our forward-looking statements reflect our current views about future events. They are based on assumptions and subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by these statements. Factors that may cause differences between actual results and those contemplated by forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, those discussed in “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of this Annual Report and in the S-1 registration statement file with the SEC on January 25, 2018. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, including any changes that might result from any facts, events or circumstances after the date hereof that may bear upon forward-looking statements. Furthermore, we cannot guarantee future results, events, levels of activity, performance or achievements.
 
This MD&A is intended to assist in understanding and assessing the trends and significant changes in our results of operations and financial condition. As used in this MD&A, the words, “we,” “our” and “us” refer to Novume Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries. This MD&A should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included in this report, as well as the consolidated financial statements and MD&A of our Annual Report. The following overview provides a summary of the sections included in our MD&A:
 
Executive Summary — a general description of our business and key highlights of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017.
 
Key Trends, Developments and Challenges — a discussion of items and trends that may impact our business in the upcoming year.
 
Results of Operations — an analysis of our results of operations in our condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
Lease Obligations  a summary of current and future lease obligations.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources — an analysis of cash flows, sources and uses of cash, commitments and contingencies, seasonality in the results of our operations and quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates — a discussion of critical accounting policies requiring critical judgments and estimates.
 
Executive Summary
 
Our Company
 
We were formed in February 2017 and began operations upon the merger of KeyStone Solutions, Inc. (“KeyStone”) and Brekford Traffic Safety, Inc. (“Brekford”) in August 2017. KeyStone was formed in March 2016 as a holding company for its wholly-owned subsidiary AOC Key Solutions, Inc. (“AOC Key Solutions”). On January 25, 2017, Novume (KeyStone) acquired Firestorm Solutions, LLC and Firestorm Franchising, LLC (collectively referred to as “Firestorm”). On October 1, 2017, the Company completed its acquisition of Global Technical Services, Inc. (“GTS”) and Global Contract Professionals, Inc. (“GCP) (collectively referred to as “Global”). For narrative purposes, references to the Company and Novume include the KeyStone, Firestorm, Brekford and Global entities.
 
AOC Key Solutions is based in Chantilly, Virginia and provides consulting and technical support services to assist clients seeking U.S. federal government contracts in the technology, telecommunications, defense, and aerospace industries. AOC Key Solutions provides consulting and technical support services to assist clients seeking U.S. Federal government contracts in the technology, telecommunications, defense, and aerospace industries.
 
 
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Firestorm is headquartered in Roswell, Georgia and is a nationally recognized leader in crisis management, crisis communications, emergency response, and business continuity, including workplace violence prevention, cyber-breach response, communicable illness/pandemic planning, predictive intelligence, and other emergency, crisis and disaster preparedness initiatives. For example, its behavioral risk and threat assessment program, BERTHA®, positions schools, businesses and other organizations to prevent violence from occurring. This program helps our clients to identify early warning signs that may be exhibited by an individual before they are on a path to violence. BERTHA® is an integral part of an innovative school violence prevention program launched by Firestorm in partnership with the University of Alabama in November of 2017. On December 31, 2017 and January 1, 2018, Firestorm completed the acquisition of all assets of BC Management, Inc. ("BC Management") and Secure Education Consultants, LLC ("SEC LLC"), respectively. BC Management is internationally recognized as a leading executive search firm for business continuity, disaster recovery, crisis management and risk management professionals. Coupled with its staffing expertise, BC Management is a recognized leader in business continuity research with annual studies covering compensation assessments, program maturity effectiveness, event impact management reviews, IT resiliency and critical supply analyses. SEC LLC is comprised of an expert team of highly trained, former U.S. Secret Service Agents and assists clients by designing customized plans, conducting security assessments, delivering training, and responding to critical incidents.
 
Brekford, headquartered in Hanover, Maryland, is a leading public safety technology service provider of fully integrated automated traffic safety enforcement, or ATSE, solutions, including speed, red light, and distracted driving cameras, as well as citation management software and secure electronic evidence storage. Brekford is also in the final stages of development of a new traffic safety product, Argos Guardian, which is expected to be lunched in the summer of 2018. The patent pending system will combine leading edge camera and radar technology with an advanced triggering mechanism to detect, capture, and record "move over" law violations. It will also include built-in artificial intelligence-based automated license plate reader or ALPR capability. When combined with Brekford’s comprehensive citation management software suite, iP360, Argos Guardian will provide an innovative technology solution that can assist law enforcement agencies in improving the safety of officers and emergency response personnel.
 
Global is headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, and provides the U.S. Department of Defense and the aerospace industry with experienced maintenance and modification specialists. Global provides specialized contract personnel, temp-to-hire professionals, direct hires, and temporary or seasonal hires to a diverse group of companies.
 
In an effort to create specific awareness about us in the Government Contracting, or GovCon, industry, we formed a subsidiary in 2017, Novume Media, to develop a television show called The Bridge -- a weekly 30-minute program featuring panel discussions and interviews with leaders from the government, business, academia and associations. The show premiered on April 2, 2017 in the Washington, DC market and the first season is available on line. We have deferred development of a second season in order to further evaluate the benefit to the Company.
 
In selective situations, we will also seek to serve as a partner or incubator for businesses where an understanding of government contracting and contacts with seasoned providers of government services or products can be instrumental to success. In making arrangements for the merger with Brekford, Novume assisted it in arranging the sale Brekford’s legacy vehicle unfitting business to LB&B Associates Inc., a long-term client of AOC Key Solutions, retaining a 19.9% interest. We expect to continue our efforts to find low-risk, high-reward opportunities by using our knowledge base and strategic position to facilitate transactions that can provide financial returns without significant operating or balance sheet exposure.
 
General
 
The information provided in this discussion and analysis of Novume’s financial condition and results of operations covers the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016. Subsequent to December 31, 2016, the Company completed the acquisition of Firestorm, the Brekford Merger, the acquisition of Global and the purchase of certain assets of BC Management (described below).
 
The financial information in this section for periods prior to March 15, 2016 is for AOC Key Solutions prior to the recapitalization into KeyStone. The financial information in this section for all periods subsequent to March 15, 2016 and prior to the January 25, 2017 acquisition of Firestorm is prepared on a consolidated basis for KeyStone and AOC Key Solutions. The financial information for periods subsequent to January 25, 2017 is prepared on a consolidated basis for KeyStone, AOC Key Solutions and Firestorm. For periods subsequent to the Brekford Merger on August 28, 2017, the financial information is prepared on a consolidated basis for Novume, AOC Key Solutions, Firestorm and Brekford. For periods subsequent to the Global acquisition on October 1, 2017, the financial information is prepared on a consolidated basis for Novume, AOC Key Solutions, Firestorm, Brekford and Global.
 
 
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Historically, the primary focus of our businesses has been on the federal government contracting and aerospace industries. We provide consulting, technical support, staffing and systems that help our clients exploit opportunities and meet challenges more efficiently and effectively than they can by relying on in-house resources alone. Our clients are typically well-established, financially-stable businesses. According to USASpending.gov, between fiscal years 2013 and 2017, the federal government in the United States spent an average of over $450 billion annually for goods and services, creating one of the largest and most stable markets in the world, and there are thousands of government contractors providing these goods and services. These contractors range from small privately-owned lifestyle companies to the Fortune 100. Since 1983, our subsidiaries have served thousands of these entities. In 2017, we provided services to 14 of the Top 100 largest federal contractors (based on their fiscal 2016 prime contracts in IT, systems integration, professional services and telecommunications) as identified by Washington Technology (https://washingtontechnology.com/toplists/top-100-lists/2017.aspx).
 
A unique characteristic of the industry is that many of these companies are concentrated in a geographic territory that stretches from Southern Maryland to Northern Virginia, wrapping the nation’s Capital in what is known as the Beltway. Because of the geographic concentration of these clients, there is also a large, but fragmented, concentration of service providers for these companies. Although the businesses that provide resources to the government contracting sector are diverse and highly fragmented, their clients have many common needs resulting from the basic qualifications and standard requirements inherent in the government procurement process. We believe that there is a unique opportunity for consolidation in this sector. While our immediate goal is to improve our ability to serve this sector by pooling our resources and client contacts, our ultimate objective is to expand our ability to meet our unique needs by assembling, through organic growth and strategic acquisitions, a complimentary suite of service and systems providers with demonstrated ability to satisfy the needs of this sector for high value talent and support services. In addition to the benefits of shared costs and pooled resources, we expect to benefit from the increased client involvement that targeted expansion of our market segments can provide. We would like to be recognized as the best place to go for outside help when a company must meet an unusual need, whether it involves an unusual opportunity or an unusual threat.
 
We intend to fund organic growth and add both vertical and horizontal capabilities by acquiring service providers through a market-focused and disciplined strategy. Our efforts to identify prospective target businesses will look for opportunities where the combination of resources will be additive to our existing capabilities and will not be limited to any geographic region or any particular sector of the support or services industries. A primary consideration will be to improve the level of support we provide to our existing customers, as well as carefully considered expansions of our customer base.
 
We are an established provider of outsourced services to the GovCon market that generates revenues from fees and reimbursable expenses for professional services primarily billed on an hourly rate, time-and-materials basis. Clients are typically invoiced monthly, with revenue recognized as the services are provided. In a few cases, we may enter into a fixed-fee engagement for our services. Fixed-fee engagements can be invoiced once for the entire job, or there could be several “progress” invoices for accomplishing various phases or reaching contractual milestones. Time-and-materials contracts represent most our client engagements and do not provide us with a high degree of predictability of future period performance.
 
Our financial results are impacted principally by the:
 
1)
demand by clients for our services;
2)
degree to which full-time staff can be kept occupied in revenue-generating activities;
3)
success of the sales team in generating client engagements; and
4)
number of business days in each quarter.
 
The number of business days on which revenue is generated by our staff and consultants is affected by the number of vacation days taken, as well as the number of holidays in each quarter. There are typically fewer business work days available in the fourth quarter of the year, which can impact revenues during that period. The staff utilization rate can also be affected by seasonal variations in the demand for services from clients. Since earnings may be affected by these seasonal variations, results for any quarter are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be achieved for a full fiscal year.
 
Unexpected changes in the demand for our services can result in significant variations in revenues, and present a challenge to optimal hiring, staffing and use of consultants. The volume of work performed can vary from period to period.
 
 
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The federal government fiscal year starts on October 1 and ends on September 30. Thus, the bulk of our revenues for 2017 were based on budget authorizations made in 2016. On March 23rd, 2018, the Consolidated Appropriations Act (the “2018 Act”) was signed into law. It provides $1.3 trillion in funding through September 2018 and anticipates $500 billion in new federal spending for defense and domestic programs over two years, including significant increases military procurements. The Company believes that increased defense spending will flow down to government contractors and provide them with new opportunities to offer national defense products and services to the federal government. The 2018 Act also provides more than $2.3 billion in new funding for threat identification, mental health, training, and school safety programs at the Departments of Justice, Education, and Health and Human Services. The legislation also lifts statutory budget caps and increases funding for emergency disaster aid funding. It also lifts the debt ceiling and extends certain health care and tax authorizations. While we anticipate an increasing demand for our services in 2018 based upon an expected increase in the volume of federal government spending and as our clients elect to outsource their bid and proposal activities, it is still not clear how government spending will be impacted beyond 2018.
 
Although the new administration has expressed a desire to reduce the federal government bureaucracy, we cannot assume that this will reduce the demand for our services. A short-term result of a program to reduce bureaucracy may be to increase privatization initiatives. Moreover, the new administration’s emphasis on renewing the nation’s infrastructure, which appears to enjoy broad-based support, may result in a significant long-term increase in federal procurements.
 
Thus, while changes and adjustments can undoubtedly be anticipated, we believe the overall outlook for the GovCon sector remains promising. This is in part due to the changing nature of the contracting process. The volume and frequency of requests for proposals has been increasing during recent years as outdated and ill-conceived programs have been eliminated in favor of higher priority programs. Moreover, Low Price Technically Acceptable contracts have increasingly fallen into disfavor as the true long-term costs of these contracts have become apparent, and a more rigorous approach to government contracting has gained favor.
 
The statements of operations and other information provided in this discussion and analysis of the financial condition and results of operations of Novume should be read in conjunction with the Novume audited consolidated financial statements and the historical financial statements of Brekford, KeyStone, Firestorm and Global, and the related notes thereto.
 
Recent Acquisitions
 
BC Management Acquisition
 
On December 31, 2017, Novume completed its acquisition of certain assets of BC Management. Consideration paid as part of this acquisition included: (a) $100,000 in cash, (b) 33,333 shares of Novume common stock valued at $163,332 and (c) 66,666 warrants to purchase Novume common stock valued at $123,472. As the BC Management acquisition has recently been completed, the Company is currently in the process of completing the purchase price allocation treating the BC Management acquisition as a business combination. The preliminary purchase price allocation for BC Management is included in the balance sheet for the Company’s consolidated financial statements at December 31, 2017, but results of operations for BC Management for the year ending December 31, 2017 have not been included in our statements of operations for such period. BC Management future results, however, will be included in our statement of operations for the period beginning after December 31, 2017.
 
Global Acquisition
 
On October 1, 2017 (the “Global Closing Date”), the Company completed its acquisition of Global Technical Services, Inc. (“GTS”) and Global Contract Professionals, Inc. (“GCP) (collectively, the “Global Entities”) (the “Global Merger”). Consideration paid as part Global Merger included: (a) $750,000 in cash, (b) 375,000 shares of Novume common stock and (c) 240,861 shares of Novume Series B Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Novume Series B Preferred Stock”). In addition to the merger consideration, Novume paid $365,037 to satisfy in full all of the outstanding debt of GTS and GCP at closing, except for certain intercompany debt and ordinary course debt, and amounts due under (a) the Secured Account Purchase Agreement dated August 22, 2012 by and between GTS and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (the “GTS Wells Fargo Credit Facility”) and (b) the Secured Account Purchase Agreement dated August 22, 2012 by and between GCP and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (the “GCP Wells Fargo Credit Facility” and together with the GTS Wells Fargo Credit Facility, the “Wells Fargo Credit Facilities”), which will remain in effect following the consummation of the Global Merger. In connection with the Wells Fargo Credit Facilities, Novume has delivered to Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, general continuing guaranties dated September 29, 2017 and effective upon the Global Closing Date of the Global Merger (the “Wells Fargo Guaranty Agreements”), guaranteeing the Guaranteed Obligations of GTS and GCP (as defined in the Wells Fargo Guaranty Agreements) under the Wells Fargo Credit Facilities, and paid $175,000 in the aggregate to reduce the current borrowed amounts under the Wells Fargo Credit Facilities as of the Global Closing Date.
 
 
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As part of the Global Merger, the Company created 240,861 shares of $0.0001 par value Novume Series B Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred Stock”). All Series B Preferred Stock was issued at a price of $10.00 per share as part of the acquisition of the Global Merger. The Series B Preferred Stock is entitled to quarterly cash dividends of 1.121% (4.484% per annum) per share. The Series B Preferred Stock has a conversion price of $5.00 per share. Each Series B Preferred Stock has an automatic conversion feature based on the share price of Novume.
 
Brekford Acquisition
 
On August 28, 2017, the mergers by and among Novume, KeyStone, Brekford, Brekford Merger Sub, Inc. (“Brekford Merger Sub”), and KeyStone Merger Sub, LLC (“KeyStone Merger Sub”), were consummated (the “Brekford Merger”) as a result of a merger agreement (the “Brekford Merger Agreement”). As a result, Brekford became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Novume, and Brekford Merger Sub ceased to exist. KeyStone Merger Sub also became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Novume, and KeyStone Solutions, Inc. ceased to exist. When KeyStone Merger Sub filed its certificate of merger with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware, it immediately effectuated a name-change to KeyStone Solutions, LLC, the name by which it is now known. For the purpose of this document any references to KeyStone are to KeyStone Solutions, Inc. prior to August 28, 2017 and to KeyStone Solutions, LLC on and after August 28, 2017.
 
Upon completion of the Brekford Merger, the merger consideration was issued in accordance with the terms of the Merger Agreement. Immediately upon completion of the Brekford Merger, the pre-merger stockholders of KeyStone owned approximately 80% of the issued and outstanding capital stock of the Novume on a fully-diluted basis, and the pre-merger stockholders of Brekford owned approximately 20% of the issued and outstanding capital stock of the Novume on a fully-diluted basis.
 
Firestorm Acquisition
 
Pursuant to the terms of the Membership Interest Purchase Agreement (the “MIPA”), by and among Novume, each of the Firestorm Entities, each of the Members of the Firestorm Entities (described below), and a newly-created acquisition subsidiary of Novume, Firestorm Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Firestorm Holdings”), Novume acquired all of the membership interests in each of the Firestorm Entities for the following consideration:
 
● 
$500,000 in cash in the aggregate paid by Novume as of the Firestorm Closing Date to the three principals (Harry W. Rhulen, Suzanne Loughlin, and James W. Satterfield, collectively the “Firestorm Principals”) of Firestorm. Of that aggregate amount $250,000 was paid to Mr. Satterfield, and $125,000 was paid to each of Mr. Rhulen and Ms. Loughlin;
 
● 
$1,000,000 in the aggregate in the form of four unsecured, subordinated promissory notes issued by Novume payable over five years after the Firestorm Closing Date, to all the Members of the Firestorm Entities (consisting of the Firestorm Principals and Lancer Financial Group, Inc. (“Lancer”)). The principal amount of the note payable to Lancer is $500,000 (the “Lancer Note”). The principal amount of the note payable to Mr. Rhulen is $166,666.66. The principal amount of the notes payable to each of Mr. Satterfield and Ms. Loughlin is $166,666.67. (The notes payable to Mr. Rhulen, Ms. Loughlin and Mr. Satterfield are individually referred to herein as a “Firestorm Principal Note” and collectively, as the “Firestorm Principal Notes”). The Firestorm Principal Notes are payable at an interest rate of 2% and the Lancer Note is payable at an interest rate of 7%. $907,407 was recorded to notes payable to reflect the net fair value of the notes issued due to the difference in interest rates. The Lancer Note also has a capped subordination of $7,000,000, subject to the consent of Lancer;
 
● 
Each of the Firestorm Principals was issued 162,698 (315,625 post Brekford Merger) shares of Novume common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, for an aggregate issuance of 488,094 (946,875 post Brekford Merger) shares of Novume common stock;
 
● 
Each of the Firestorm Principals received warrants to purchase 54,233 (105,209 post Brekford Merger) Novume Common Shares, exercisable over a period of five years after the Firestorm Closing Date, at an exercise price of $2.58 per share; and
 
● 
Each of the Firestorm Principals received warrants to purchase 54,233 (105,209 post Brekford Merger) Novume Common Shares, exercisable over a period of five years after the Firestorm Closing Date, at an exercise price of $3.60 per share.
 
 
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Key Trends, Developments and Challenges
 
U.S. Government Spending and the Government Contractor Industry Generally
 
On March 23, 2018, the Consolidated Appropriations Act (the “2018 Act”) was signed into law. It provides $1.3 trillion in funding through September 2018. It also anticipates $500 billion in new federal spending for defense and domestic programs over two years. The 2018 Act provides more than $2.3 billion in new funding for threat identification, mental health, training, and school safety programs at the Departments of Justice, Education, and Health and Human Services. The legislation also lifts statutory budget caps and increases funding for emergency disaster aid funding, lifts the debt ceiling and extends certain health care and tax authorizations. We believe that these increases in federal funding will increase demand for our services.
 
While we anticipate an increasing demand for our services based upon an expected increase in the volume of federal government spending and as our clients elect to outsource their bid and proposal activities, it is still not clear how government spending will be impacted beyond 2018. The administration does have some discretion to delay spending on programs previously authorized.
 
Impact of Current Federal Budget on Defense Spending
 
The 2018 Act represents the largest investment in national defense in 15 years. Although the 2018 Act included a 2.4 % pay raise for military personnel it also provides for significant increases military procurements, it also provides for significant increases in military procurements. The Company believe that increased defense spending will flow down to government contractor and provide them with new opportunities to offer national defense product and services to the federal government.
 
The Department of Defense is experimenting with a type of simplified acquisition process known as Other Transactional Authority (OTA). A purpose of OTA is to encourage nontraditional defense contractors to develop innovative technologies, though more traditional defense contractors can also participate. Furthermore, the 2018 Act seeks to maximize the participation of small and socio-economically diverse companies, which may increase the number of contractors offering goods and services to the federal government. We believe that these increases in federal funding will increase demand for our services.
 
NeoSystems Merger
 
The Company filed a Form S-1 with the SEC on January 25, 2018. A portion of the proceeds from the proposed offering are to be used for the planned acquisition of NeoSystems LLC (“NeoSysems”) through a forward merger under an agreement entered into on November 16, 2017. The proposed offering was for $12.5 million of Units, with each Unit consisting of one share of our common stock and a warrant to purchase one share of our common stock. A significant portion of the proceeds of the offering were expected to be used in connection with the contemplated acquisition of NeoSystems. The consummation of the merger is subject to, among other things, the completion of the Qualifying Offering by February 28, 2018. We have not yet completed this offering and may elect not to complete the offering described in the S-1.
 
On March 7, 2018, we received notice of termination of the Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “NeoSystems Merger Agreement”) The stated basis of termination by NeoSystems was due to the Company’s failure to complete a Qualifying Offering, as defined in the NeoSystems Merger Agreement, by February 28, 2018. The terms of the NeoSystems Merger Agreement provide that upon termination, the Company is required to pay certain fees and expenses of legal counsel, financial advisors, investment bankers and accountants, which shall not exceed in the aggregate $450,000. The Company reserves all rights under applicable law with respect to the NeoSystems Merger Agreement, including such notice.
 
Sale of Note
 
On February 13, 2018, Brekford sold a note receivable from Global Public Safety, LLC (“Global Public Safety”), which it had received as part of the purchase price consideration in connection with the sale of its legacy upfitting business prior to its acquisition by Novume as a result of the merger with KeyStone in 2017. On December 31, 2017, based on the decision to sell the note receivable to an unrelated third party, the Company reclassified the note receivable balance to a current asset and wrote down $450,000 as other expense, thus reducing the balance to $1,475,000. (See Note 17). Brekford continues to retain a 19.9% interest in Global Public Safety.
 
Other than as discussed above and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, we are not aware of any trends, events or uncertainties that are likely to have a material effect on our financial condition.
 
 
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Components of Revenues and Expenses
 
Revenues
 
We principally derive revenues from fees for services generated on a time and materials (T&M) basis. Revenues for T&M contracts are recognized based on the number of hours worked by the employees or consultants at an agreed-upon rate per hour set forth in standard rate sheets or as written from time to time in contracts or purchase orders. Revenues related to firm-fixed-price contracts are primarily recognized upon completion of the project as these projects are typically short-term in nature. Revenue from the sale of individual franchises is recognized when the contract is signed and collectability is assured, unless the franchisee is required to perform certain training before operations commence.
 
Costs of Revenues
 
Direct costs of revenues consist primarily of that portion of technical and non-technical salaries and wages and payroll-related costs incurred in connection with fee generating projects. Direct costs of revenues also include production expenses, sub-consultant services, and other expenses that are incurred in connection with our fee generating projects. Direct costs of revenues exclude that portion of technical and non-technical salaries and wages related to marketing efforts, vacations, holidays, and other time not spent directly generating fees under existing contracts. Such costs are included in operating expenses. We expense direct costs of revenues when incurred.
 
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
 
Operating expenses include the costs of the marketing and support staffs, other marketing expenses, management and administrative personnel costs, payroll taxes, bonuses and employee benefits for these employees and the portion of salaries and wages not allocated to direct costs of revenues for those employees who provide our services. Operating expenses also include facility costs, depreciation and amortization, professional services, legal and accounting fees, and administrative operating costs. We expense operating costs when incurred.
 
Results of Operations – Comparison of the Years Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016
 
Consolidated operating results for year ended December 31, 2017 include Firestorm operations for the period from January 25, 2017 through December 31, 2017, Brekford operations for the period from August 28, 2017 through December 31, 2017 and Global operations for the period from October 1, 2017 through December 31, 2017.
 
Novume Solutions, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
For the Years Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016
 
 
 
Year ended December 31,
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
Revenue
 $22,135,818 
 $12,128,406 
Cost of revenue
  13,792,473 
  6,959,514 
Gross profit
  8,343,345 
  5,168,892 
 
    
    
Operating expense
    
    
Selling, general, and administrative expenses
  12,981,744 
  5,262,768 
Loss from operations
  (4,638,399)
  (93,876)
Other expense
    
    
Interest expense
  (213,492)
  (165,079)
Other expense
  (483,909)
  - 
Total other expense
  (697,401)
  (165,079)
Loss before taxes
  (5,335,800)
  (258,955)
Income tax benefit
  294,666 
  219,971 
Net loss
 $(5,041,134)
 $(38,984)
 
 
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Year Ended December 31, 2017 compared to year ended December 31, 2016
 
Revenue
 
Revenue increased by $10,007,412, or 82.5%, to $22,135,818 for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, compared to $12,128,406 for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016. Revenue attributable to Firestorm was $2,150,273 for the period from January 25, 2017 through December 31, 2017. Revenue attributable to Brekford was $914,345 for the period from August 28, 2017 through December 31, 2017. Revenue attributable to Global was $5,645,747 for the period from October 1, 2017 through December 31, 2017. The $1,297,047 increase in revenue attributable to legacy Novume was due to an increase in the number, duration and dollar volume of contracts in AOC Key Solutions.
 
Cost of Revenue
 
Total cost of revenue for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 increased $6,832,959, or 98.2%, to $13,792,473 compared to $6,959,514 for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016. Cost of revenue attributable to Firestorm was $704,668 for the period from January 25, 2017 through December 31, 2017. Cost of revenue attributable to Brekford was $445,082 for the period from August 28, 2017 through December 31, 2017. Cost of revenue attributable to Global was $4,983,044 for the period from October 1, 2017 through December 31, 2017. The $700,165 increase in the cost of revenue of the legacy Novume was mostly attributable to increased revenue for AOC Key Solutions noted above.
 
Gross Profit
 
Gross profit for fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 increased by $3,174,453, or 61.4%, to $8,343,345 compared to $5,168,892 for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016. Gross profit attributable to Firestorm was $1,445,605 for the period from January 25, 2017 through December 31, 2017. Gross profit attributable to Brekford was $469,263 for the period from August 28, 2017 through December 31, 2017. Gross profit attributable to Global was $662,703 for the period from October 1, 2017 through December 31, 2017. The $596,882 increase in the gross profit of the legacy Novume was consistent with the increased revenue and costs of revenues at AOC Key Solutions noted above.
 
The gross profit margin was 37.7% for the fiscal year ended December 31 2017, compared to 42.6% for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016. Excluding the gross profit margin for Firestorm, Brekford and Global, the gross profit margin for legacy Novume for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 was relatively consistent at 42.7% and 42.6%, respectively. Due to the nature of staffing companies, such as Global, having greater costs of services as compared to professional services support providers such as AOC Key Solutions, the addition of Global has a natural impact of lowering the consolidated gross profit.
 
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, increased by $7,718,976, or 146.7%, to $12,981,744 compared to $5,262,768 for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016. Selling, general and administrative expenses attributable to Firestorm was $1,733,380 for the period from January 25, 2017 through December 31, 2017. Selling, general and administrative expenses attributable to Brekford was $890,627 for the period from August 28, 2017 through December 31, 2017. Selling, general and administrative expenses attributable to Global was $726,006 for the period from October 1, 2017 through December 31, 2017. The Company also launched a new television show in the second quarter which increased operating costs and expenses by approximately $689,226 through the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017. This television show airs locally in the Washington DC market. The increase of $4,551,496 in selling, general and administrative expenses of legacy Novume was primarily due to an increase in holding company salaries, professional and legal services, expenses related to acquisitions and ramp up of operations and expenses related to maintaining compliance with applicable listing rules and SEC requirements that were lower during the year ended December 31, 2016 because the Company was formed in mid-March 2016 and spending increased during the year ended December 31, 2017. As percentage of revenue, our selling, general and administrative expenses for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 increased to 58.6% compared to 43.4% for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016.
 
Novume anticipates that its general and administrative expenses may continue to increase, however at a reduced pace, in future periods. These increases may include costs related to hiring of personnel and fees to outside consultants, lawyers and accountants as well as expenses related to maintaining compliance with applicable listing rules and SEC requirements, insurance, and investor relations activities.
 
 
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Other Expense
 
Other expense for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 was $697,401 compared to other expense of $165,079 for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016. This increase was primarily related to a $450,000 write-down related to the fiscal year 2018 sale of the note receivable from Global Public Safety, interest expense and change in derivative liability of $60,000, offset by rental income.
 
Income Tax Expense
 
Income tax expense consists of U.S. federal and state income taxes. We are required to pay income taxes in certain state jurisdictions. Historically, AOC Key Solutions and GCP initially elected to be taxed under the provisions of Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code. Under those provisions, neither AOC Key Solutions nor GCP paid federal corporate income tax, and in most instances state income tax, on its taxable income. AOC Key Solutions revoked its S Corporation election upon the March 15, 2016 merger with KeyStone and GCP revoked its S Corporation election upon the October 1, 2017 acquisition by Novume, and are therefore, subject to corporate income taxes. Firestorm is a single-member LLC with KeyStone as the sole member.
 
The income tax benefit for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, was $294,666 and is due primarily to the deferred tax benefit recognized related to the NOL generated in the current period as compared to an income tax benefit of $219,971 for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016. As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, we had federal and state NOL carryforwards to utilize in the U.S. of approximately $5.9 million and $0.3 million, respectively, that more likely than not will not be realized. These NOLs are scheduled to begin to expire in 2036 and are grandfathered under the new tax law; thus, these NOLs are not subject to the annual 80 percent limitation. As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, we had a remaining valuation allowance of approximately $1.3 million and $0.0 million, respectively.
 
Net Loss
 
Net loss for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, was $5,041,134 compared to a net loss of $38,984 for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016. The net loss per common share was $(0.46) for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, compared to a net loss margin of $(0.01) for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016. In order to accommodate organic growth, Firestorm added both line and senior staff in 2017. In addition, the planned asset purchases of BC Management and SEC LLC added expense and took place later than anticipated, thus delaying their integration and ability to increase revenue. As such, Firestorm’s expense increases exceeded its revenue increases. Brekford incurred additional marketing and R&D expenses which resulted in a net loss. Global incurred expenses related to its integration with Novume which contributed to its net loss.
 
Cash Flow
 
Novume expects to finance its operations over the next twelve months from the date of this Form 10-K primarily through existing cash flow, supplemented as necessary by funds available through access to credit and through access to additional capital.
 
The net cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities for the periods below were as follows:
 
 
 
Year ended December 31,
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
Net cash provided by (used in):
 
 
 
 
 
 
   Operating activities
 $(3,167,146)
 $(136,079)
   Investing activities
  (289,657)
  (36,833)
   Financing activities
  2,625,428 
  2,393,633 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents:
 $(831,375)
 $2,220,721 
 
Cash Used in Operating Activities
 
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, net cash used in operating activities was $3,167,146. Cash was used primarily to fund our loss from operations of $5,041,134 and was affected by the increase in current liabilities of $730,720, offset by an increase in current assets of $350,138. Novume also incurred non-cash expenses of $1,493,405 including depreciation and amortization, bad debt expense, note receivable write-down, share-based compensation, warrant expense and financing related costs. Novume also incurred non-cash benefits including deferred taxes and deferred rent.
 
 
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For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016, net cash used in operating activities was $136,079. Cash was used primarily to fund our operations and was affected by increases in accounts payable and accrued expenses, offset by increases in accounts receivable. The Company also incurred non-cash expenses including depreciation and amortization.
 
Cash Used in Investing Activities
 
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, net cash used in investing activities of $289,657 related to the purchase of equipment and computer hardware.
 
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016, net cash used in investing activities of $36,833 related to the purchase of computer hardware and equipment.
 
Cash Provided by Financing Activities
 
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, net cash provided by financing activities of $2,625,428 related to the net proceeds from the issuance of preferred stock, net proceeds from short-term borrowings, cash acquired by the acquisition of Brekford and proceeds from the exercise of warrants, offset by the acquisitions of Firestorm, Global and BC Management, net of cash acquired, and the payment of Series A Preferred Stock dividends.
 
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016, net cash provided by financing activities of $2,393,633 related to proceeds from the issuance of preferred stock and a note payable, offset by stockholders’ distributions and payments of offering and finance costs.
 
Non-Cash Financing Activities
 
In March 2016, the AOC Key Solutions stockholders exchanged 100% of their outstanding shares of common stock in AOC Key Solutions for proportionate shares of KeyStone’s outstanding common stock and $1,192,844 of undistributed earnings were contributed to KeyStone.
 
In January 2017, KeyStone acquired Firestorm as described above. The non-cash consideration for this acquisition included notes payable of $907,407 and the issuance of 946,875 shares (post merger exchange) of Novume common stock and 631,254 warrants valued at $1,203,986.
 
In August 2017, the Company merged with Brekford as described above. The non-cash consideration for the Brekford Merger included the issuance of 3,287,187 shares of Novume common stock valued at $5,851,193.
 
In October 2017, the Company acquired Global as described above. The non-cash consideration for this acquisition included a holdback liability of $200,000, the issuance of 375,000 shares of Novume common stock valued at $566,288 and the issuance of 240,861 shares of Novume Series B preferred stock valued at $2,408,610.
 
In December 2017, the Company acquired the assets of BC Management, Inc. The non-cash consideration for this acquisition included the issuance of 33,333 shares of Novume common stock valued at $163,332 and the issuance of 66,666 Novume common stock warrants valued at $123,472.
 
Lease Obligations
 
The Company leases office space in Chantilly, Virginia under the terms of a ten-year lease expiring October 31, 2019. The lease contains one five-year renewal option. The lease terms include an annual increase in base rent and expenses of 2.75%, which have been amortized ratably over the lease term. The Company also leases office space in New Orleans, Louisiana under a three-year lease expiring May 31, 2018, in Roswell, Georgia under a lease expiring January 31, 2022 and in Fort Worth, Texas under a three-year lease expiring in March 2018. In addition, the Company leases office space from Global Public Safety on a month-to-month basis and it leases space under an operating lease expiring on May 31, 2018. Also, the Company leases office space in Grand Rapids, Michigan under a seven-year lease expiring in October 2023.
 
Rent expense for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 was $605,264 and $507,815, respectively, and is included in selling, general and administrative expenses.
 
 
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The Company is the lessor in an agreement to sublease office space in Chantilly, Virginia with an initial term of two years with eight one-year options to renew the lease through October 31, 2019. The lease provides for an annual increase in base rent and expenses of 2.90%. The initial term ended October 31, 2011 and the Company exercised the renewal options through 2014. On April 7, 2015, the lease was amended to sublease more space to the subtenant and change the rental calculation. The sublease agreement provided for an offset of $182,534 to rent expense for each of the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.
 
As of December 31, 2017, the future obligations over the primary terms of the long-term leases expiring through 2023 are as follows:
 
2018
 $902,158 
2019
  812,938 
2020
  255,074 
2021
  101,386 
2022
  38,873 
Thereafter
  30,393 
Total
 $2,140,822 
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
The Company has funded its operations primarily through cash from operating activities from its subsidiaries, the $500,000 Avon Note (see below), and the Reg A offering. As of December 31, 2017, we had unrestricted cash and cash equivalents of $1,957,212 and working capital of $2,750,577, as compared to unrestricted cash and cash equivalents of $2,788,587 and working capital of $3,714,958 as of December 31, 2016.
 
In the Fall of 2016, the Company commenced its Regulation A Offering (the "Reg A Offering") of up to 3,000,000 Units. At the initial closing of the Reg A Offering, on December 23, 2016, the Company sold 301,570 Units and received aggregate gross proceeds of $3,015,700. At the second closing of the Reg A Offering, on January 23, 2017, the Company sold 119,757 Units and received aggregate gross proceeds of $1,197,570. At the third and final closing of the Reg A Offering, on March 21, 2017, the Company sold 81,000 Units and received aggregate gross proceeds of $810,000. As reported by Novume in its Current Report on Form I-U, as filed with the SEC on March 22, 2017, the Reg A Offering is now closed, effective as of the third closing.
 
Following the Brekford Merger, all outstanding shares of KeyStone Series A Preferred Stock were exchanged for the right to receive one share of Novume Series A Preferred Stock. Novume Series A Preferred Stock will be entitled to quarterly dividends in the amount of $0.175 (7% per annum) per share, being an identical per annum percentage per share dividend as received by holders of KeyStone Series A Preferred Stock prior to the Brekford Merger. We anticipate that Novume will pay the quarterly cash dividends through cash flow from Novume, potential business growth from other acquired entities and access to additional credit or capital. The quarterly dividend payments are due within five (5) business days following the end of a quarter. On April 7, 2017, Novume paid cash dividends of $76,695 to holders of record of Novume Series A Preferred Stock as of March 30, 2017. On July 8, 2017, the Company paid cash dividends of $87,907 to shareholders of record of Novume Series A Preferred Stock as June 30, 2017. On October 7, 2017, the Company paid cash dividends of $87,907 payable to shareholders of record of Novume Series A Preferred Stock as September 30, 2017. On December 31, 2017, the Company declared and accrued dividends of $87,907 payable to shareholders of record as of December 31, 2017.
 
As part of the Global Merger, the Company issued 240,861 shares of $.0001 par value Novume Series B Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred Stock”). All Series B Preferred Stock was issued at a price of $10.00 per share as part of the acquisition of the Global Merger. The Series B Preferred Stock is entitled to quarterly cash dividends of 1.121% (4.484% per annum) per share. The Series B Preferred Stock has a conversion price of $5.00 per share. Each Series B Preferred Stock has an automatic conversion feature based on the share price of Novume. On December 31, 2017, the Company declared and accrued dividends of $27,001 payable to shareholders of record as of December 31, 2017
 
Operating assets and liabilities consist primarily of receivables from billed and unbilled services, accounts payable, accrued expenses, and accrued payroll and related benefits. The volume of billings and timing of collections and payments affect these account balances.
 
 
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AOC Key Solutions was a party to a business loan agreement (the “2015 Loan Agreement”) with Sandy Spring Bank (“SSB”) dated as of September 25, 2015. The primary credit facility was an asset based revolving line of credit up to $1,000,000 which was due to mature on September 30, 2016. To secure its obligations under the 2015 Loan Agreement, AOC Key Solutions had granted to SSB a security interest in its accounts receivable. SSB was required to advance funds to AOC Key Solutions up to the lesser of (1) $1,000,000 or (2) eighty percent (80%) of the aggregate amount of all of its accounts receivable aged 90 days or less which contained selling terms and conditions acceptable to SSB. AOC Key Solutions did not draw any funds from this credit facility in 2015. Pursuant to First Amendment to Business Loan Agreement (Asset Based), dated May 9, 2016, SSB had waived the restrictions in the 2015 Loan Agreement on AOC Key Solutions’ ability to make dividends to the Company. There was no outstanding balance on the 2015 Loan Agreement at December 31, 2016.
 
On August 11, 2016, Novume entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (the “2016 Line of Credit”) with SSB that replaced the 2015 Loan Agreement. The 2016 Line of Credit was comprised of: 1) an asset-based revolving line of credit up to $1,000,000 for short-term working capital needs and general corporate purposes which matured on July 31, 2017, bore interest at the Wall Street Journal Prime Rate, floating, plus 0.50% and was secured by a first lien on all of Novume’s business assets; and 2) an optional term loan of $100,000, which was for permanent working capital, bore interest at the Wall Street Journal Prime Rate, floating, plus 0.75%, required monthly payments of principal plus interest to fully amortize the loan over four years, was secured by a first lien on all of Novume’s business assets, cross-collateralized and cross-defaulted with the revolving line of credit, and was to mature on February 15, 2019.
 
The borrowing base for the 2016 Line of Credit was up to the lesser of (1) $1,000,000 or (2) eighty percent (80%) of the aggregate amount of all eligible accounts receivable as defined by SSB. The borrowing base for the $100,000 term loan was fully reserved under the borrowing base for the revolving line of credit. The 2016 Line of Credit had periodic reporting requirements and balance sheet covenants, as well as affirmative and negative operational and ownership covenants. Novume was in compliance with all 2016 Line of Credit covenants at December 31, 2016. In August 2017, the Company terminated the 2016 Line of Credit with SSB. As such, there was no outstanding balance on the 2016 Line of Credit at December 31, 2017.
 
As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, Novume had no balances due for the 2016 Line of Credit or the 2015 Loan Agreement and there were no amounts outstanding as of the date of this Form 10-K. When Novume replaced the 2015 Loan Agreement with the 2016 Line of Credit on August 11, 2016, neither line of credit had a balance due. The Company terminated the 2016 Line of Credit in August 2017.
 
Global has revolving lines of credit with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (“WFB”) (“the Global Wells Agreements”). WFB agreed to advance to Global, 90% of all eligible accounts with a maximum facility amount of $5,000,000. Interest is payable under the Global Wells Agreements at a monthly rate equal to the Three-Month LIBOR in effect from time to time plus 3% plus the Margin. The Margin is 3%. Payment of the revolving lines of credit is secured by the accounts receivable of Global. The current terms of the Global Wells Agreements run through December 31, 2018, with automatic renewal terms of 12 months. WFB or Global may terminate the Global Wells Agreements upon at least 60 days’ written notice prior to the last day of the current term. The principal balance at December 31, 2017 totaled $2,057,259. As part of the lines of credit agreements, Global must maintain certain financial covenants. Global met all financial covenant requirements during and as of the year ended December 31, 2017.
 
On November 12, 2017, AOC Key Solutions entered into an Account Purchase Agreement and related agreements (the “KSI Wells Agreement”) with WFB. Pursuant to the KSI Wells Agreement, AOC Key Solutions agreed to sell and assign to WFB all of its Accounts (as such term is defined in Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code), constituting accounts arising out of sales of Goods (as such term is defined in Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code) or rendition of services that WFB deems to be eligible for borrowing under the KSI Wells Agreement. WFB agreed to advance to AOC Key Solutions, 90% of all eligible accounts with a maximum facility amount of $3,000,000. Interest is payable under the KSI Wells Agreement at a monthly rate equal to the Daily One Month LIBOR in effect from time to time plus 5%. The KSI Wells Agreement also provides for a deficit interest rate equal to the then applicable interest rate plus 50% and a default interest rate equal to the then applicable interest rate or deficit interest rate, plus 50%. The initial term of the KSI Wells Agreement runs through December 31, 2018 (the “Initial Term”), with automatic renewal terms of 12 months (the “Renewal Term”), commencing on the first day after the last day of the Initial Term. AOC Key Solutions may terminate the KSI Wells Agreement upon at least 60 days’ prior written notice, but no more than 120 days’ written notice, prior to and effective as of the last day of the Initial Term or the Renewal Term, as the case may be. WFB may terminate the KSI Wells Agreement at any time and for any reason upon 30 days’ written notice or without notice upon the occurrence of an Event of Default (as such term is defined in the Agreement) after the expiration of any grace or cure period. The principal balance at December 31, 2017 totaled $1,606,327.
 
 
38
 
 
On March 16, 2016, Novume entered into a Subordinated Note and Warrant Purchase Agreement (the “Avon Road Note Purchase Agreement”) pursuant to which Novume agreed to issue up to $1,000,000 in subordinated debt (the "Avon Road Note") and warrants to purchase up to 242,493 shares of Novume’s common stock (“Avon Road Subordinated Note Warrants”). The exercise price for the Avon Road Subordinated Note Warrants is equal to $1.031 per share of common stock. Subordinated notes with a face amount of $500,000 and Avon Road Subordinated Note Warrants to purchase 121,247 shares of Novume’s common stock have been issued pursuant to the Avon Road Note Purchase Agreement to Avon Road Partners, L.P. (“Avon Road”), an affiliate of Robert Berman, Novume’s CEO and a member of Novume’s Board of Directors. The Avon Road Subordinated Note Warrants had an expiration date of March 16, 2019 and qualified for equity accounting as the warrants did not fall within the scope of ASC Topic 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity. The fair value was determined to be $58,520 and was recorded as a debt discount and additional paid-in capital in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2016. The debt discount is being amortized as interest expense on a straight-line basis, which approximates the effective interest method, through the maturity date of the note payable.
 
The Avon Road Note is subordinated to the Novume’s 2016 Line of Credit with SSB and any successor financing facility. Simple interest accrues on the unpaid principal of the note at a rate equal to the lower of (a) 9% per annum, or (b) the highest rate permitted by applicable law. Interest is payable monthly, and the note matures on March 16, 2019. The Company terminated the 2016 Line of Credit in August 2017.
 
The Company has generated losses since its inception in August 2017 and has relied on cash on hand, external bank lines of credit and the sale of a note to support cashflow from operations. The Company attributes the 2017 losses to public company corporate overhead and losses generated by some of our subsidiary operations. As of and for the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company had a net loss of approximately $5.04 million and positive working capital of approximately $2.75 million. The Company’s cash position was increased in April 2018 by the receipt of $2 million related to the issuance of a promissory note. Management believes that based on relevant conditions and events that are known and reasonably knowable that its forecasts, for one year from the date of the filing of the consolidated financial statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, indicate improved operations and the Company’s ability to continue operations as a going concern. The Company has contingency plans to reduce or defer expenses and cash outlays should operations not improve in the look-forward period.
 
As of December 31, 2017, Novume did not have any material commitments for capital expenditures.
 
Recent Events
 
On April 3, 2018, Novume and Brekford entered into a transaction pursuant to which an institutional investor (the "Lender") loaned to $2,000,000 to Novume and Brekford. The loan is due and payable on May 1, 2019 and bears interest at 15% per annum, with a minimum of 15% interest payable regardless of when the loan is repaid.  The loan is secured by a security interest in all of the assets of Brekford.  In addition, Novume agreed to issue 35,000 shares of common stock to the Lender, which shares contain piggy-back registration rights. If the shares are not so registered on the next selling shareholder registration statement, Novume is obligated to issue an additional 15,000 shares to the Lender. Upon any sale of Brekford or its assets, the Lender will be entitled to receive 7% of any proceeds received by Novume or Brekford in excess of $5 million. In addition, commencing January 1, 2020, the Lender shall be paid 7% of Brekford’s earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, less any capital expenditures, of which this amount would be credited against proceeds from the sale of Brekford, if any.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements, Contractual Obligations and Commitments
 
As of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, we did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have had or are reasonably likely to have a material effect on our financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital resources or capital expenditures.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based upon Novume’s consolidated financial statements which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires the management of Novume to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts in our consolidated financial statements.
 
We believe the application of accounting policies, and the estimates inherently required therein, are reasonable. These accounting policies and estimates are periodically reevaluated, and adjustments are made when facts and circumstances dictate a change. Novume bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that management of Novume believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form management’s basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that may not be readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions, or if management made different judgments or utilized different estimates.
 
Novume’s accounting policies are further described in its historical audited consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes included elsewhere in this Form 10-K. Novume has identified the following critical accounting policies:
 
 
39
 
 
Revenue Recognition
 
We recognize its revenues for the provision of services when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, services have been rendered or delivery has occurred, the fee is fixed or determinable, and the collectability of the related revenue is reasonably assured. Novume principally derives revenues from fees for services generated on a project by project basis. Revenues for time-and-materials contracts are recognized based on the number of hours worked by our employees or consultants at an agreed upon rate per hour set forth in our standard rate sheet or as written from time to time in our contracts or purchase orders. These costs are recognized in the period in which services are performed.
 
Revenues related to firm-fixed-price contracts are recognized upon completion of the project as these projects are typically short-term in nature.
 
The agreements entered into in connection with a project, whether on a time-and-materials basis or firm-fixed-price basis, typically allow our clients to terminate early due to breach or for convenience with 30-days’ notice. In the event of termination, the client is contractually required to pay for all time, materials and expenses incurred by us through the effective date of the termination.
 
For automated traffic safety enforcement revenue, we recognize the revenue when the required collection efforts, from citizens, are completed and posted to the municipality’s account. The respective municipality is then billed depending on the terms of the respective contract, typically 15 days after the preceding month while collections are reconciled. For contracts where we receive a percentage of collected fines, revenue is calculated based upon the posted payments from citizens multiplied by our contractual percentage. For contracts where we receive a specific fixed monthly fee regardless of citations issued or collected, revenue is recorded once the amount collected from citizens exceeds the monthly fee per camera. Our fixed fee contracts typically have a revenue neutral provision whereby the municipality’s payment to us cannot exceed amounts collected from citizens within a given month.
 
Accounts Receivable
 
Accounts receivable are customer obligations due under normal trade terms. We perform continuing credit evaluations of its clients’ financial condition, and Novume generally does not require collateral.
 
Management reviews accounts receivable to determine if any receivables will potentially be uncollectible. Factors considered in the determination include, among other factors, number of days an invoice is past due, client historical trends, available credit ratings information, other financial data and the overall economic environment. Collection agencies may also be utilized if management so determines.
 
We record an allowance for doubtful accounts based on specifically identified amounts that are believed to be uncollectible. We also record as an additional allowance a certain percentage of aged accounts receivable, based on historical experience and our assessment of the general financial conditions affecting its customer base. If actual collection experience changes, revisions to the allowance may be required. After all reasonable attempts to collect an account receivable have failed, the amount of the receivable is written off against the allowance. The balance in the allowance for doubtful accounts was $24,000 and $0 as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. However, actual write-offs might exceed the recorded allowance.
 
Income Taxes
 
We use the liability method of accounting for income taxes as set forth in the authoritative guidance for accounting for income taxes. This method requires an asset and liability approach for the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the consolidated financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.
 
Management has evaluated the recoverability of the net deferred income tax assets and the level of the valuation allowance required with respect to such net deferred income tax assets. After considering all available facts, the Company fully reserved for its net deferred tax assets because management believes that it is more likely than not that their benefits will not be realized in future periods. The Company will continue to evaluate its net deferred tax assets to determine whether any changes in circumstances could affect the realization of their future benefit. If it is determined in future periods that portions of the Company’s net deferred income tax assets satisfy the realization standard, the valuation allowance will be reduced accordingly.
 
 
40
 
 
The tax effects of uncertain tax positions are recognized in the consolidated financial statements only if the position is more likely than not to be sustained on audit, based on the technical merits of the position. For tax positions meeting the more likely than not threshold, the amount recognized in the consolidated financial statements is the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized. It is our accounting policy to account for ASC 740-10-related penalties and interest as a component of the income tax provision in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.
 
As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, our evaluation revealed no uncertain tax positions that would have a material impact on the financial statements. The 2014 through 2016 tax years remain subject to examination by the IRS, as of December 31, 2017. Our management does not believe that any reasonably possible changes will occur within the next twelve months that will have a material impact on the financial statements.
 
New Accounting Pronouncements
 
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
 
Not Yet Adopted
 
In August 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued new guidance related to accounting for hedging activities. This guidance expands strategies that qualify for hedge accounting, changes how many hedging relationships are presented in the financial statements, and simplifies the application of hedge accounting in certain situations. The standard will be effective for us beginning July 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted for any interim or annual period before the effective date. Adoption of the standard will be applied using a modified retrospective approach through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the effective date. We are currently evaluating the impact of this standard on our consolidated financial statements, including accounting policies, processes, and systems.
 
In May 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2017-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation: Scope of Modification Accounting, which provides guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting. An entity will account for the effects of a modification unless the fair value of the modified award is the same as the original award, the vesting conditions of the modified award are the same as the original award and the classification of the modified award as an equity instrument or liability instrument is the same as the original award. The update is effective for fiscal year 2019. The update is to be adopted prospectively to an award modified on or after the adoption date. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the effect of this update but do not believe it will have a material impact on its financial statements and related disclosures.
 
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other: Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. To simplify the subsequent measurement of goodwill, the update requires only a single-step quantitative test to identify and measure impairment based on the excess of a reporting unit's carrying amount over its fair value. A qualitative assessment may still be completed first for an entity to determine if a quantitative impairment test is necessary. The update is effective for fiscal year 2021 and is to be adopted on a prospective basis. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017.
 
In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-16, Income Taxes: Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory, as part of its simplification initiatives. The update requires that an entity recognize the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs, rather than deferring the recognition until the asset has been sold to an outside party as is required under current GAAP. The update is effective for fiscal year 2019. The new standard will require adoption on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings, and early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the effect that this update will have on our financial statements and related disclosures.
 
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13 Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments which requires the measurement and recognition of expected credit losses for financial assets held at amortized cost. ASU 2016-13 replaces the existing incurred loss impairment model with an expected loss methodology, which will result in more timely recognition of credit losses. ASU 2016-13 is effective for annual reporting periods, and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2019. We are currently in the process of evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU 2016-13 on our consolidated financial statements.
 
 
41
 
 
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases. This ASU is a comprehensive new leases standard that amends various aspects of existing guidance for leases and requires additional disclosures about leasing arrangements. It will require companies to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases under previous GAAP. Topic 842 retains a distinction between finance leases and operating leases. The classification criteria for distinguishing between finance leases and operating leases are substantially similar to the classification criteria for distinguishing between capital leases and operating leases in the previous leases guidance. The ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years; earlier adoption is permitted. In the financial statements in which the ASU is first applied, leases shall be measured and recognized at the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented with an adjustment to equity. Practical expedients are available for election as a package and if applied consistently to all leases. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance on our consolidated financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
 
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, as a new Topic, Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, which supersedes existing accounting standards for revenue recognition and creates a single framework. Additional updates to Topic 606 issued by the FASB in 2015 and 2016 include the following:
 
● 
ASU No. 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, which defers the effective date of the new guidance such that the new provisions will now be required for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017.
 
● 
ASU No. 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations, which clarifies the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations (reporting revenue gross versus net).
 
● 
ASU No. 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing, which clarifies the implementation guidance on identifying performance obligations and classifying licensing arrangements.
 
● 
ASU No. 2016-12, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients, which clarifies the implementation guidance in a number of other areas.
 
The underlying principle is to use a five-step analysis of transactions to recognize revenue when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that is expected to be received for those goods or services. The standard permits the use of either a retrospective or modified retrospective application. ASU 2014-09 and ASU 2016-12 are effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017.
 
On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, using the modified retrospective method. Novume has aggregated and reviewed its contracts that are within the scope of Topic 606. Based on its evaluation, Novume does not anticipate the adoption of Topic 606 will have a material impact on its balance sheet or related consolidated statements of operations, equity or cash flows. The impact of adopting Topic 606 to the Company relate to: (1) a change to franchisee agreements recorded prior to 2017; and (2) the timing of certain contractual agreements which the Company deemed as immaterial. Revenue recognition related to the Company’s other revenue streams will remain substantially unchanged.
 
There are currently no other accounting standards that have been issued but not yet adopted that will have a significant impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows upon adoption.
 
Recently Adopted
 
In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17, Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes. ASU 2015-17 is aimed at reducing complexity in accounting standards. Currently, GAAP requires the deferred taxes for each jurisdiction to be presented as a net current asset or liability and net noncurrent asset or liability. This requires a jurisdiction-by-jurisdiction analysis based on the classification of the assets and liabilities to which the underlying temporary differences relate, or, in the case of loss or credit carryforwards, based on the period in which the attribute is expected to be realized. Any valuation allowance is then required to be allocated on a pro rata basis, by jurisdiction, between current and noncurrent deferred tax assets. To simplify presentation, the new guidance requires that all deferred tax assets and liabilities, along with any related valuation allowance, be classified as noncurrent on the balance sheet. As a result, each jurisdiction will now only have one net noncurrent deferred tax asset or liability. The guidance does not change the existing requirement that only permits offsetting within a jurisdiction; companies are still prohibited from offsetting deferred tax liabilities from one jurisdiction against deferred tax assets of another jurisdiction. The new guidance is effective in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those years, with early adoption permitted. We early adopted and applied the new standard retrospectively to the prior period presented in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and it did not have a material impact.
 
 
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In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, Interest – Imputation of Interest: Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. The update requires that deferred debt issuance costs be reported as a reduction to long-term debt (previously reported in other noncurrent assets). We adopted ASU 2015-03 in 2016 and for all retrospective periods, as required, and the impact of the adoption was not material to our consolidated financial statements
 
In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements – Going Concern, which requires management to perform interim and annual assessments of an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year of the date the financial statements are issued and provides guidance on determining when and how to disclose going concern uncertainties in the financial statements. Certain disclosures will be required if conditions give rise to substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern. This accounting standard update applies to all entities and was effective for the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, and for annual periods and interim periods thereafter, with early adoption permitted. We adopted this standard during fiscal year 2016 and it did not have a material impact on our consolidated results of operations, financial position or cash flows.
 
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting. The standard reduces complexity in several aspects of the accounting for employee share-based compensation, including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. The ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. We adopted this standard and the impact of the adoption was not material to our consolidated financial statements.
We do not believe that any recently issued accounting standards, in addition to those referenced above, would have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
 
In January 2016, the FASB, issued ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments-Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, which amends the guidance in U.S. generally accepted accounting principles on the classification and measurement of financial instruments. Changes to the current guidance primarily affect the accounting for equity investments, financial liabilities under the fair value option, and the presentation and disclosure requirements for financial instruments. In addition, the ASU clarifies guidance related to the valuation allowance assessment when recognizing deferred tax assets resulting from unrealized losses on available-for-sale debt securities. The new standard is effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and are to be adopted by means of a cumulative-effect adjustment to the balance sheet at the beginning of the first reporting period in which the guidance is effective. The Company adopted this standard and the impact of the adoption was not material to the consolidated financial statements.
 
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01 Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business. ASU 2017-01 provides guidance to evaluate whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. If substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired (or disposed of) is concentrated in a single asset or a group of similar assets, the assets acquired (or disposed of) are not considered a business. We adopted ASU 2017-01 as of January 1, 2017.
 
Item 7A.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
As a “smaller reporting company” as defined by Item 10 of Regulation S-K, the Company is not required to provide information required by this Item.
 
Item 8.  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
Page
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
44
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2017 and 2016
45
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016
46
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders' Equity for the Years Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 
47
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016
48
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
49
 
 
43
 
 
 
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
 
 
To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of
Novume Solutions, Inc.
 
Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Novume Solutions, Inc. (the "Company") as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders' equity, and cash flows, for the years then ended, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
 
Basis for Opinion
These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) ("PCAOB") and arerequired to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with theU.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.
 
Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
s/s BD & Company, Inc.
BD & Company, Inc.
 
We have served as the Company's auditor since 2017.
 
Owings Mills, MD
April 12, 2018
 
44
 
 
Novume Solutions, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
 
 
December 31, 2017
 
 
December 31, 2016
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 $1,957,212 
 $2,788,587 
Accounts receivable, net
  6,707,294 
  1,997,831 
Inventory
  155,716 
  - 
Notes receivable
  1,475,000 
  - 
Other current assets
  687,966 
  81,011 
Total current assets
  10,983,188 
  4,867,429 
Property and Equipment
    
    
Furniture and fixtures
  211,885 
  137,784 
Office equipment
  524,131 
  463,937 
Camera systems
  462,399 
  - 
Vehicles
  10,020 
  - 
Leasehold improvements
  72,918 
  33,259 
Total fixed assets
  1,281,353
  634,980 
Less: accumulated depreciation
  (633,014)
  (515,911)
Net property and equipment
  648,339 
  119,069 
Goodwill
  3,092,616 
  - 
Intangibles, net
  5,468,874 
  - 
Other Assets
    
    
Deferred tax asset
  - 
  219,982 
Investment at cost
  262,140 
  - 
Deferred offering and financing costs
  - 
  236,963 
Deposits and other long-term assets
  143,583 
  39,282 
Total other assets
  405,723 
  496,227 
      Total assets
 $20,598,740
 $5,482,725 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
    
    
Current Liabilities
    
    
Accounts payable
 $1,390,877 
 $577,268 
Accrued expenses
  3,060,512 
  575,203 
Lines of credit
  3,663,586 
  - 
Deferred revenue
  117,636 
  - 
      Total current liabilities
  8,232,611 
  1,152,471 
Long-Term Liabilities
    
    
Notes payable
  1,405,994 
  457,289 
Deferred rent
  53,217 
  56,709 
Total long-term liabilities
  1,459,211 
  513,998 
      Total liabilities
  9,691,822 
  1,666,469 
 
    
    
Series A Cumulative Convertible Redeemable Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 505,000 and 500,000 shares designated, 502,327 and 301,570 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively
  4,396,580 
  2,269,602 
 
    
    
Stockholders' Equity
    
    
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 30,000,000 and 25,000,000 shares authorized, and 14,463,364 and 5,000,000 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively
  1,447 
  500 
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 2,000,000 and zero shares authorized, 505,000 and 500,000 shares designated as Series A as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and 240,861 and zero shares designated as Series B as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
  - 
  - 
Series B Cumulative Convertible Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, 240,861 and zero shares designated, issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively
  2,408,610 
  - 
Additional paid-in capital
  9,933,941 
  1,976,549 
Accumulated deficit
  (5,833,660)
  (430,395)
Total stockholders’ equity
  6,510,338 
  1,546,654 
      Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 $20,598,740
 $5,482,725 
 
    
    
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
45
 
 
Novume Solutions, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Operations
 
 
 
For the Years ended December 31,
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
Revenue
 $22,135,818 
 $12,128,406 
Cost of revenue
  13,792,473 
  6,959,514 
Gross profit
  8,343,345 
  5,168,892 
 
    
    
Operating expenses
    
    
Selling, general, and administrative expenses
  12,981,744 
  5,262,768 
Loss from operations
  (4,638,399)
  (93,876)
Other expense
    
    
Interest expense
  (213,492)
  (165,079)
Other expense
  (483,909)
  - 
Total other expense
  (697,401)
  (165,079)
Loss before income taxes
  (5,335,800)
  (258,955)
Benefit from income taxes
  294,666 
  219,971 
Net loss
 $(5,041,134)
 $(38,984)
 
    
    
Loss per common share - basic
 $(0.46)
 $(0.01)
Loss per common share - diluted
 $(0.46)
 $(0.01)
 
    
    
Weighted average shares outstanding
    
Basic
  11,767,304 
  7,679,501 
Diluted
  11,767,304 
  7,679,501 
 
    
    
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
46
 
 
Novume Solutions, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
Shares of Common Stock
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
Shares of Series B Preferred Stock
 
 
Series B Preferred Stock
 
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
 
Retained Earnings
 
 
Total Stockholders’ Equity (Accumulated Deficit)
 
Balance as of January 1, 2016
  1,370 
 $- 
  - 
 $- 
 $597,704 
 $932,334 
 $1,530,038 
Stockholders’ distributions
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (125,615)
  (125,615)
Net income of AOC Key Solutions through March 14, 2016
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  386,125 
  386,125 
Contribution of undistributed earnings from AOC Key Solutions
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  1,192,844 
  (1,192,844)
  - 
Net common stock issued in recapitalization
  4,998,630 
  500 
  - 
  - 
  (500)
  - 
  - 
Stock-based compensation
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  26,844 
  - 
  26,844 
Issuance of warrants
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  159,657 
  - 
  159,657 
Preferred stock dividends
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (5,286)
  (5,286)
Net loss from March 15, 2016 through December 31, 2016
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (425,109)
  (425,109)
Balance as of December 31, 2016
  5,000,000 
  500 
  -
 
  -
 
  1,976,549 
  (430,395)
  1,546,654 
Net common stock issued in Firestorm acquisition
  488,094 
  49 
  - 
  - 
  976,237 
  - 
  976,286 
Effect of contribution to Novume Solutions, Inc. on August 28, 2017
  5,158,503 
  516 
  - 
  - 
  (516)
  - 
  - 
Net common stock issued in Brekford acquisition
  3,287,187 
  329 
  - 
  - 
  5,850,864 
  - 
  5,851,193 
Stock-based compensation
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  408,465 
  - 
  408,465 
Issuance of warrants
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  418,424 
  - 
  418,424 
Exercise of warrants
  121,247 
  12 
  - 
  - 
  124,994 
  - 
  125,006 
Equity issued in Global acquisition
  375,000 
  38 
  240,861 
  2,408,610 
  566,250 
  - 
  2,974,898 
Net common stock issued in BC Management acquisition
  33,333 
  3 
  - 
  - 
  163,329 
  - 
  163,332 
Preferred stock dividends
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (362,131)
  (362,131)
Accretion of Series A preferred stock
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (550,655)
  - 
  (550,655)
Net loss
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  - 
  (5,041,134)
  (5,041,134)
Balance as of December 31, 2017
  14,463,364 
 $1,447 
  240,861 
 $2,408,610 
 $9,933,941 
 $(5,833,660)
 $6,510,338 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
47
 
 
Novume Solutions, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 
 
 
For the Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 $(5,041,134)
 $(38,984)
  Adjustment to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
      Depreciation and amortization
  142,545 
  51,870 
      Provision for losses on accounts receivable
  24,000 
  - 
      Deferred taxes
  (294,666)
  (219,982)
      Share-based compensation
  408,465 
  26,844 
      Deferred financing costs
  109,236 
  28,703 
      Deferred rent
  (20,076)
  4,330 
      Warrant expense
  67,491 
  101,634 
      Change in fair value of derivative liability
  60,000 
  - 
      Amortization of intangibles
  546,410 
  - 
      Loss on notes receivable writedown
  450,000 
  - 
      Changes in operating assets and liabilities
    
    
         Accounts receivable
  (158,512)
  (263,809)
         Inventory
  12,056 
  - 
         Deposits
  (95,060)
  - 
         Prepaid expenses and other current assets
  (183,622)
  (7,258)
         Accounts payable
  (398,315)
  157,786 
         Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
  1,033,893
  22,787 
         Deferred revenue
  95,143 
  - 
         Notes receivable
  75,000 
  - 
            Net cash used in operating activities
  (3,167,146)
  (136,079)
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
    
    
      Capital expenditures
  (289,657)
  (36,833)
            Net cash used in investing activities
  (289,657)
  (36,833)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
    
    
      Stockholders' distributions
  - 
  (125,615)
      Proceeds from short-term borrowings
  7,761,384 
  - 
      Repayments of short-term borrowings
  (7,111,163)
  - 
      Proceeds from notes payable
  - 
  500,000 
      Acquisition of Firestorm - net of cash acquired
  (417,704)
  - 
      Acquisition of Brekford - net of cash acquired
  1,943,760 
  - 
      Acquisition of Global - net of cash required
  (1,069,693)
  - 
      Acquisition of BC Management
  (100,000)
  - 
      Net proceeds from exercise of warrants
  125,006 
  - 
      Net proceeds from issuance of preferred stock
  1,745,347 
  2,269,602 
      Payment of deferred offering costs
  - 
  (216,842)
      Payment of preferred dividends
  (251,509)
  - 
      Payment of financing costs
  - 
  (33,512)
            Net cash provided by financing activities
  2,625,428 
  2,393,633 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
  (831,375)
  2,220,721 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
  2,788,587 
  567,866 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year
 $1,957,212 
 $2,788,587 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
48
 
 
Novume Solutions, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
December 31, 2017 and 2016
 
NOTE 1 – NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND RECAPITALIZATION
 
Nature of Operations
 
Novume Solutions, Inc. (the “Company” or “Novume”) was formed in February 2017 to effectuate the mergers of, and become a holding company for KeyStone Solutions, Inc. (“KeyStone”) and Brekford Traffic Safety, Inc. (“Brekford”). For the purpose of this document any references to KeyStone are to KeyStone Solutions, Inc. prior to August 28, 2017 and to KeyStone Solutions, LLC on and after August 28, 2017. Our services are provided through seven wholly owned subsidiaries: AOC Key Solutions, Inc.; Firestorm Solutions, LLC and Firestorm Franchising, LLC (collectively referred to as “Firestorm” or “Firestorm Entities”); Brekford; Global Technical Services, Inc. and Global Contract Professionals; Inc. (collectively referred to as “Global” or the "Global Entities"); and Novume Media, Inc. (“Novume Media”).
 
The financial results of Brekford are included in the results of operations from August 28, 2017 through December 31, 2017. For narrative purposes, Company and Novume references include the Brekford, KeyStone, Firestorm and Global entities. The historical financial statements for Novume prior to the merger with Brekford reflect the historical financial statements of KeyStone.
 
KeyStone was formed in March 2016 as a holding company for its wholly owned subsidiary AOC Key Solutions, Inc. (“AOC Key Solutions”), which is headquartered in Chantilly, Virginia. AOC Key Solutions provides consulting and technical support services to assist clients seeking U.S. Federal government contracts in the technology, telecommunications, defense, and aerospace industries.
 
On January 25, 2017, Novume (KeyStone) acquired Firestorm (See Note 2), a nationally-recognized leader in crisis management, crisis communications, emergency response, and business continuity, including workplace violence prevention, cyber-breach response, communicable illness/pandemic planning, predictive intelligence, and other emergency, crisis and disaster preparedness initiatives. Firestorm is headquartered in Roswell, Georgia.
 
Brekford, headquartered in Hanover, Maryland, is a leading public safety technology service provider of fully-integrated automated traffic safety enforcement or ATSE solutions, including speed, red light, move-over and distracted driving camera systems.
 
On October 1, 2017, Novume acquired Global (See Note 2). Global provides temporary contract professional and skilled labor to businesses throughout the United States. Contracts to provide such services vary in length, usually less than one year. Global’s corporate offices are located in Fort Worth, Texas.
 
Additionally, on December 31, 2017 we acquired certain assets of BC Management, as described below.
 
Recapitalization
 
On March 15, 2016, the stockholders of AOC Key Solutions formed KeyStone as a holding company with the same proportionate ownership percentage as AOC Key Solutions. On that same date AOC Key Solutions entered into a merger agreement (the “AOC Key Solutions Merger Agreement”) with KeyStone and KCS Merger Sub, Inc. (“Merger Sub”), a wholly owned subsidiary of KeyStone with no activity. Pursuant to the AOC Key Solutions Merger Agreement, on March 15, 2016, Merger Sub was merged with and into AOC Key Solutions, and thus AOC Key Solutions became a wholly owned subsidiary of KeyStone (the “AOC Key Solutions Merger”). To complete the AOC Key Solutions Merger, the stockholders exchanged 100% of the outstanding common stock of AOC Key Solutions for newly issued common stock of KeyStone, representing 100% of the outstanding common stock. This effectively transferred 100% of the voting equity interest and control of AOC Key Solutions to KeyStone. The undistributed earnings totaling $1,192,844 of AOC Key Solutions as of that date were considered a capital contribution to KeyStone and were therefore reclassified to additional paid-in capital. The operations of AOC Key Solutions did not change, nor have any assets or operations transferred to either KeyStone or Merger Sub. The AOC Key Solutions Merger transaction resulted in no gain or loss to either entity. The stockholders’ proportionate ownership of KeyStone remained the same as it was for AOC Key Solutions. KeyStone accounted for the merger transaction as a recapitalization in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
 
 
49
 
 
NOTE 2 – ACQUISITIONS
 
BC Management Acquisition
 
On December 31, 2017, Novume completed its acquisition of certain assets of BC Management, Inc. (“BC Management”). Consideration paid as part of this acquisition included: (a) $100,000 in cash, (b) 33,333 shares of Novume common stock valued at $163,332 and (c) 66,666 warrants to purchase Novume common stock valued at $123,472.
 
The preliminary purchase price has been allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on fair values as of the acquisition date. Since the acquisition of BC Management occurred on December 31, 2017, the results of operations for BC Management have not been included in the Company’s Consolidated Statement of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2017.
 
The Company is currently in the process of completing the preliminary purchase price allocation as an acquisition of certain assets. The final purchase price allocation for BC Management will be included in the Company’s financial statements in future periods. The table below shows preliminary analysis for the BC Management asset purchase:
 
Cash paid
 $100,000 
Common stock issued
  163,331 
Warrants issued, at $5.44
  65,988 
Warrants issued, at $6.53
  57,484 
Total consideration
  386,803 
Less intangible and intellectual property
  (386,803)
Net goodwill recorded
 $- 
 
Global Entities Acquisition
 
On October 1, 2017 (the “Global Closing Date”), Novume completed its acquisition of Global Technical Services, Inc. (“GTS”) and Global Contract Professionals, Inc. (“GCP) (collectively, the “Global Entities”) (the “Global Acquisition”). Consideration paid as part of the Global Acquisition included: (a) $750,000 in cash, (b) 375,000 shares of Novume common stock valued at $566,288 and (c) 240,861 shares of Novume Series B Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Novume Series B Preferred Stock”) valued at $2,408,610. In addition to the merger consideration, Novume paid $365,037 to satisfy in full all of the outstanding debt of GTS and GCP at closing, except for certain intercompany debt and ordinary course debt, and amounts due under (a) the Secured Account Purchase Agreement dated August 22, 2012 by and between GTS and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (the “GTS Wells Fargo Credit Facility”) and (b) the Secured Account Purchase Agreement dated August 22, 2012 by and between GCP and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (the “GCP Wells Fargo Credit Facility” and together with the GTS Wells Fargo Credit Facility, the “Wells Fargo Credit Facilities”), which have remained in effect following the consummation of the Global Acquisition. In connection with the Wells Fargo Credit Facilities, Novume delivered general continuing guaranties, dated September 29, 2017 to Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, guaranteeing the Guaranteed Obligations of GTS and GCP (as defined in the Wells Fargo Guaranty Agreements) under the Wells Fargo Credit Facilities, and paid $175,000 in the aggregate to reduce the current borrowed amounts under the Wells Fargo Credit Facilities as of the Global Closing Date. Additionally, Novume assumed $2,462,276 of Global’s liabilities.
 
As part of the Global Acquisition, the Company issued 240,861 shares of $0.0001 par value Novume Series B Cumulative Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred Stock”). All Series B Preferred Stock was issued at a price of $10.00 per share as part of the acquisition of the Global Entities. The Series B Preferred Stock is entitled to quarterly cash dividends of 1.12% (4.48% per annum) per share. The Series B Preferred Stock has a conversion price of $5.00 per share. Each Series B Preferred Stock has an automatic conversion feature based on the share price of Novume (See Note 9). Furthermore, as of December 31, 2017, the Company had $200,000 of holdback consideration included in accrued expenses.
 
50
 
 
The Company has completed its analysis of the purchase price allocation. The table below shows the final breakdown related to the Global acquisition:
 
Assets acquired
 $4,384,668 
Liabilities acquired
  (4,384,417)
Net assets acquired
  251 
Less intangible assets
  2,574,000 
Consideration paid (see below)
  4,264,934 
Net goodwill recorded
 $1,690,683 
 
    
Cash consideration
 $550,000 
Cash paid towards acquired liabilities
  540,037 
Total cash paid
  1,090,037 
Holdback consideration
  200,000 
Common stock consideration
  566,288 
Series B Preferred Stock consideration
  2,408,610 
Total acquisition consideration
 $4,264,934 
 
The determination of the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, includes approximately $2.6 million of intangible and intellectual property and approximately $1.6 million of goodwill.
 
Brekford Acquisition
 
On August 28, 2017, the mergers by and among Novume, KeyStone, Brekford, Brekford Merger Sub, Inc. (“Brekford Merger Sub”), and KeyStone Merger Sub, LLC (“KeyStone Merger Sub”), were consummated (the “Brekford Merger”) as a result of a merger agreement (the “Brekford Merger Agreement”). As a result, Brekford became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Novume, and Brekford Merger Sub ceased to exist. KeyStone Merger Sub also became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Novume, and KeyStone Solutions, Inc. ceased to exist. When KeyStone Merger Sub filed its certificate of merger with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware, it immediately effectuated a name-change to KeyStone Solutions, LLC, the name by which it is now known.
 
Upon completion of the Brekford Merger, the merger consideration was issued in accordance with the terms of the Brekford Merger Agreement. Immediately upon completion of the Brekford Merger, the pre-merger stockholders of KeyStone owned approximately 80% of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Novume on a fully-diluted basis, and the pre-merger stockholders of Brekford owned approximately 20% or 3,287,187 shares of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Novume on a fully-diluted basis.
 
The Company has completed its analysis of the purchase price allocation. The table below shows the final breakdown related to the Brekford acquisition:
 
Common stock issued
 $5,851,193 
Total consideration
  5,851,193 
Less cash received
  (1,943,778)
Less note receivable
  (2,000,000)
Less other assets
  (1,139,007)
Less intangible assets
  (558,412)
Plus liabilities assumed
  1,191,937 
Net goodwill recorded
 $1,401,933 
 
The determination of the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, includes approximately $0.6 million of intangible and intellectual property and approximately $1.4 million of goodwill.
 
Firestorm Acquisition
 
On January 25, 2017 (the “Firestorm Closing Date”), Novume acquired Firestorm Solutions, LLC and Firestorm Franchising, LLC (collectively, the “Firestorm Entities” or “Firestorm”).
 
 
51
 
 
Membership Interest Purchase Agreement
 
Pursuant to the terms of the Membership Interest Purchase Agreement (the “MIPA”), by and among Novume, each of the Firestorm Entities, each of the Members of the Firestorm Entities (described below), and a newly-created acquisition subsidiary of Novume, Firestorm Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Firestorm Holdings”), Novume acquired all of the membership interests in each of the Firestorm Entities for the following consideration:
 
● 
$500,000 in cash in the aggregate paid by Novume as of the Firestorm Closing Date to the three principals (Harry W. Rhulen, Suzanne Loughlin, and James W. Satterfield, collectively the “Firestorm Principals”) of Firestorm. Of that aggregate amount $250,000 was paid to Mr. Satterfield, and $125,000 was paid to each of Mr. Rhulen and Ms. Loughlin;
 
● 
$1,000,000 in the aggregate in the form of four unsecured, subordinated promissory notes issued by Novume payable over five years after the Firestorm Closing Date, to all the Members of the Firestorm Entities (consisting of the Firestorm Principals and Lancer Financial Group, Inc. (“Lancer”)). The principal amount of the note payable to Lancer is $500,000 (the “Lancer Note”). The principal amount of the note payable to Mr. Rhulen is $166,666.66. The principal amount of the notes payable to each of Mr. Satterfield and Ms. Loughlin is $166,666.67. (The notes payable to Mr. Rhulen, Ms. Loughlin and Mr. Satterfield are individually referred to herein as a “Firestorm Principal Note” and collectively, as the “Firestorm Principal Notes”). The Firestorm Principal Notes are payable at an interest rate of 2% and the Lancer Note is payable at an interest rate of 7%. $907,407 was recorded to notes payable to reflect the net fair value of the notes issued due to the difference in interest rates. The Lancer Note also has a capped subordination of $7,000,000, subject to the consent of Lancer;
 
● 
Each of the Firestorm Principals was issued 162,698 (315,625 post Brekford Merger) shares of Novume common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, for an aggregate issuance of 488,094 (946,875 post Brekford Merger) shares of Novume common stock;
 
● 
Each of the Firestorm Principals received warrants to purchase 54,233 (105,209 post Brekford Merger) Novume Common Shares, exercisable over a period of five years after the Firestorm Closing Date, at an exercise price of $2.5744 per share; and
 
● 
Each of the Firestorm Principals received warrants to purchase 54,233 (105,209 post Brekford Merger) Novume Common Shares, exercisable over a period of five years after the Firestorm Closing Date, at an exercise price of $3.6048 per share.
 
The Company has completed its analysis of the purchase price allocation. The table below shows the final breakdown related to the Firestorm acquisition:
 
Cash paid
 $500,000 
Notes payable issued
  907,407 
Common stock issued
  976,286 
Warrants issued, at $2.58
  125,411 
Warrants issued, at $3.61
  102,289 
Total consideration
  2,611,393 
Less cash received
  (82,296)
Less other assets
  (137,457)
Less intangible and intellectual property
  (2,497,686)
Plus liabilities assumed
  106,046 
Net goodwill recorded
 $- 
 
The determination of the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed includes approximately $2.5 million of intangible and intellectual property. In connection with the acquisition, Novume has also entered into employment agreements with three of the founders of the Firestorm Entities as set forth below.
 
 
52
 
 
Harry W. Rhulen Employment Agreement
 
The Rhulen Employment Agreement provides that upon the Firestorm Closing Date his employment agreement will become effective for an initial five-year term as President of Novume Solutions, Inc. His base salary will be $275,000 per annum, and he will be eligible for a bonus as determined by Novume’s Compensation Committee. Mr. Rhulen will also be eligible to receive all such other benefits as are provided by Novume to other management employees that are consistent with Novume’s fringe benefits available to any other officer or executive of Novume. Mr. Rhulen has been granted options to purchase 155,195 Novume Common Shares, which shall begin vesting on the one-year anniversary of the Firestorm Closing Date and continue vesting monthly over the following two years, at an exercise price of $1.55 per share.
 
Suzanne Loughlin Employment Agreement
 
The Loughlin Employment Agreement provides that upon the Firestorm Closing Date her employment agreement will become effective for an initial five-year term as General Counsel and Chief Administrative Officer of Novume Solutions, Inc. Her base salary will be $225,000 per annum, and she will be eligible for a bonus as determined by Novume’s Compensation Committee. Ms. Loughlin will also be eligible to receive all such other benefits as are provided by Novume to other management employees that are consistent with Novume’s fringe benefits available to any other officer or executive of Novume. Ms. Loughlin has been granted options to purchase 155,195 Novume Common Shares, which shall begin vesting on the one-year anniversary of the Firestorm Closing Date and continue vesting monthly over the following two years, at an exercise price of $1.55 per share.
 
James W. Satterfield Employment Agreement
 
The Satterfield Employment Agreement provides that upon the Firestorm Closing Date his employment agreement will become effective for an initial five-year term as President and Chief Executive Officer of each of the Firestorm Entities. His base salary will be $225,000 per annum, and he will be eligible for a bonus as determined by Novume’s Compensation Committee. Mr. Satterfield will also be eligible to receive all such other benefits as are provided by Novume to other management employees that are consistent with Novume’s fringe benefits available to any other officer or executive of Novume or its subsidiaries. Mr. Satterfield has been granted options to purchase 96,997 Novume Common Shares, which shall begin vesting on the one-year anniversary of the Firestorm Closing Date and continue vesting monthly over the following two years, at an exercise price of $1.55 per share, in connection with the acquisition of Firestorm.
 
Operations of Combined Entities
 
The following unaudited pro-forma combined financial information gives effect to the acquisition of Firestorm, the merger with Brekford and the acquisition of Global as if they were consummated January 1, 2016. This unaudited pro-forma financial information is presented for information purposes only and is not intended to present actual results that would have been attained had the acquisition been completed as of January 1, 2016 (the beginning of the earliest period presented) or to project potential operating results as of any future date or for any future periods.
 
 
 
Years ended December 31,
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
Revenues
 $42,828,709 
 40,247,097
 
Net income (loss)
 $(6,183,910)
 (2,177,836)
Basic earnings (loss) per share
 $(0.56)
 (0.28)
Diluted earnings (loss) per share
 $(0.56)
 (0.28)
 
    
    
Basic Number of Shares
  11,767,304 
  7,679,501 
Diluted Number of Shares
  11,767,304 
  7,679,501 
 
NOTE 3 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Principles of Consolidation
 
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Novume, the parent company, and its wholly owned subsidiaries AOC Key Solutions, Inc., Brekford Traffic Safety Inc., Novume Media, Inc., Chantilly Petroleum, LLC, Firestorm Solutions, LLC, Firestorm Franchising, LLC, Global Technical Services Inc. and Global Contract Professionals, Inc.
 
 
53
 
 
The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and in accordance with the accounting rules under Regulation S-X, as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
 
Cash Equivalents
 
Novume considers all highly liquid debt instruments purchased with the maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.
 
Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
 
Accounts receivable are customer obligations due under normal trade terms. The Company performs continuing credit evaluations of its clients’ financial condition, and the Company generally does not require collateral.
 
Management reviews accounts receivable to determine if any receivables will potentially be uncollectible. Factors considered in the determination include, among other factors, number of days an invoice is past due, client historical trends, available credit ratings information, other financial data and the overall economic environment. Collection agencies may also be utilized if management so determines.
 
The Company records an allowance for doubtful accounts based on specifically identified amounts that are believed to be uncollectible. The Company also considers recording as an additional allowance a certain percentage of aged accounts receivable, based on historical experience and the Company’s assessment of the general financial conditions affecting its customer base. If actual collection experience changes, revisions to the allowance may be required. After all reasonable attempts to collect an account receivable have failed, the amount of the receivable is written off against the allowance. Based on the information available, the Company determined that an allowance for loss of $24,000 and $0 was required at December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
 
Accounts receivable at December 31, 2017 and 2016 included $1,259,089 and $752,482 in unbilled contracts respectively related to work performed in the year in which the receivable was recorded. The amounts were billed in the subsequent year.
 
Inventory
 
Inventory principally consists of parts held temporarily until installed for service. Inventory is valued at the lower of cost or market value. The cost is determined by the lower of first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) method, while market value is determined by replacement cost for components and replacement parts.
 
Property and Equipment
 
The cost of furniture and fixtures and office equipment is depreciated over the useful lives of the related assets. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of their estimated useful lives or the terms of the lease. Depreciation and amortization is recorded on the straight-line basis.
 
The range of estimated useful lives used for computing depreciation are as follows:
 
Furniture and fixtures
2 - 10 years
Office equipment
2 - 5 years
Leasehold improvements
3 - 15 years
Automobiles
3 - 5 years
Camera systems
3 years
 
Repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred. expenditures for additions, improvements and replacements are capitalized. Depreciation and amortization expense for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 was $142,545 and $51,870, respectively.
 
Business Combination
 
Management conducts a valuation analysis on the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date thereof. During the measurement period, which may be up to one year from the acquisition date, we may record adjustments to the fair value of these tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed, with the corresponding offset to goodwill. In addition, uncertain tax positions and tax-related valuation allowances are initially established in connection with a business combination as of the acquisition date. Upon the conclusion of the measurement period or final determination of the fair value of assets acquired or liabilities assumed, whichever comes first, any subsequent adjustments are recorded to our consolidated statements of operations.
 
 
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Amounts paid for acquisitions are allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values at the date of acquisition. We allocate a portion of the purchase price to the fair value of identifiable intangible assets. The fair value of identifiable intangible assets is based on detailed valuations that use information and assumptions provided by management. We allocate any excess purchase price over the fair value of the net tangible and intangible assets acquired to goodwill.
 
We recorded goodwill and intangible assets for the mergers and acquisitions that occurred in 2017. The BC Management and Firestorm acquisitions were asset acquisitions, which created both book and tax bases in goodwill and non-goodwill intangible assets. BC Management’s acquisition resulted in $0.4 million of non-goodwill intangible assets. The Firestorm acquisition resulted in $2.5 million of non-goodwill intangible assets. Brekford and Global were stock acquisitions and only have book basis in the goodwill and intangible assets. The fair value assigned to Brekford’s intangible and goodwill is $0.6 million and $1.4 million, respectively. The Global Technical Services and Global Contract Professional goodwill and intangible assets resulted in a fair value of $1.6 million and $2.6 million, respectively, and corresponding net deferred tax liability. As a result of the deferred tax liability, an adjustment was recorded to goodwill to account for the tax effect of the deferred tax liability. As discussed above, the fair value of these assets may change and require subsequent adjustments.
 
Goodwill and Other Intangibles
 
In applying the acquisition method of accounting, amounts assigned to identifiable assets and liabilities acquired were based on estimated fair values as of the date of acquisition, with the remainder recorded as goodwill. Identifiable intangible assets are initially valued at fair value using generally accepted valuation methods appropriate for the type of intangible asset. Identifiable intangible assets with definite lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives and are reviewed for impairment if indicators of impairment arise. Intangible assets with indefinite lives are tested for impairment within one year of acquisitions or annually as of December 1, and whenever indicators of impairment exist. The fair value of intangible assets are compared with their carrying values, and an impairment loss would be recognized for the amount by which a carrying amount exceeds its fair value.
 
Acquired identifiable intangible assets are amortized over the following periods:
 
Acquired Intangible Asset
 
Amortization Basis
 
Expected Life
(years)
 
Customer-Related
 
Straight-line basis
  5-15 
Marketing-Related
 
Straight-line basis
  4 
Technology-Based
 
In line with underlying cash flows or straight-line basis
  3 
 
Revenue Recognition
 
The Company recognizes revenues for the provision of services when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, services have been rendered or delivery has occurred, the fee is fixed or determinable and the collectability of the related revenue is reasonably assured. The Company principally derives revenues from fees for services generated on a project-by-project basis. Revenues for time-and-materials contracts are recognized based on the number of hours worked by the employees or consultants at an agreed-upon rate per hour set forth in the Company’s standard rate sheet or as written from time to time in the Company’s contracts or purchase orders. Revenues related to firm-fixed-price contracts are primarily recognized upon completion of the project as these projects are typically short-term in nature. Revenue from the sale of individual franchises is recognized when the contract is signed and collectability is assured, unless the franchisee is required to perform certain training before operations commence. The franchisor has no obligation to the franchisee relating to store development and the franchisee is considered operational at the time the franchise agreement is signed or when required training is completed, if applicable. Royalties from individual franchises are earned based upon the terms in the franchising agreement which are generally the greater of $1,000 or 8% of the franchisee’s monthly gross sales.
 
For automated traffic safety enforcement revenue, the Company recognizes the revenue when the required collection efforts, from citizens, are completed and posted to the municipality’s account. The respective municipality is then billed depending on the terms of the respective contract, typically 15 days after the preceding month while collections are reconciled. For contracts where the Company receives a percentage of collected fines, revenue is calculated based upon the posted payments from citizens multiplied by the Company’s contractual percentage. For contracts where the Company receives a specific fixed monthly fee regardless of citations issued or collected, revenue is recorded once the amount collected from citizens exceeds the monthly fee per camera. Brekford’s fixed-fee contracts typically have a revenue neutral provision whereby the municipality’s payment to Brekford cannot exceed amounts collected from citizens within a given month.
 
 
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Advertising
 
The Company expenses all non-direct-response advertising costs as incurred. Such costs were not material for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.
 
Use of Estimates
 
Management uses estimates and assumptions in preparing financial statements. Those estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the reported revenues and expenses. Actual amounts may differ from these estimates. On an on-going basis, the Company evaluates its estimates, including those related to collectability of accounts receivable, fair value of debt and equity instruments and income taxes. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from those estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
 
Income Taxes
 
Income tax expense consists of U.S. federal and state income taxes. We are required to pay income taxes in certain state jurisdictions. Historically, AOC Key Solutions and Global Contract Professionals, Inc. initially elected to be taxed under the provisions of Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code. Under those provisions, neither AOC Key Solutions nor Global Contract Professionals paid federal corporate income tax, and in most instances state income tax, on its taxable income. AOC Key Solutions revoked its S Corporation election upon the March 15, 2016 merger with KeyStone and Global Contract Professionals revoked its S Corporation election upon the acquisition by Novume, and are therefore, subject to corporate income taxes. Firestorm is a single-member LLC with KeyStone as the sole member.
 
We use the liability method of accounting for income taxes as set forth in the authoritative guidance for accounting for income taxes. This method requires an asset and liability approach for the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the consolidated financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.
 
Management has evaluated the recoverability of the net deferred income tax assets and the level of the valuation allowance required with respect to such net deferred income tax assets. After considering all available facts, the Company fully reserved for its net deferred tax assets because management believes that it is not more likely than not that their benefits will be realized in future periods. The Company will continue to evaluate its net deferred tax assets to determine whether any changes in circumstances could affect the realization of their future benefit. If it is determined in future periods that portions of the Company’s net deferred income tax assets satisfy the realization standard, the valuation allowance will be reduced accordingly. As of December 31, 2017 the Company has gross federal and state NOL carry forwards of $5.9 million and $0.3 million, respectively. The Company also has a valuation allowance of $1.3 million recorded against its net deferred tax assets as of December 31, 2017.
 
The tax effects of uncertain tax positions are recognized in the consolidated financial statements only if the position is more likely than not to be sustained on audit, based on the technical merits of the position. For tax positions meeting the more likely than not threshold, the amount recognized in the consolidated financial statements is the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized. It is our accounting policy to account for ASC 740-10-related penalties and interest as a component of the income tax provision in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.
 
As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, our evaluation revealed no uncertain tax positions that would have a material impact on the financial statements. The 2014 through 2016 tax years remain subject to examination by the IRS, as of December 31, 2017. Our management does not believe that any reasonably possible changes will occur within the next twelve months that will have a material impact on the financial statements.
 
Equity-Based Compensation
 
The Company recognizes equity-based compensation based on the grant-date fair value of the award on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, net of estimated forfeitures. Total equity-based compensation expense included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 was $408,465 and $26,844, respectively.
 
 
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The Company estimates the fair value of stock options using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The use of the Black-Scholes option-pricing model requires the use of subjective assumptions, including the fair value and projected volatility of the underlying common stock and the expected term of the award.
 
The fair value of each option granted has been estimated as of the date of the grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions during the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016:
 
 
 
Year ended December 31,
 
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
Risk-free interest rate
    1.00% - 2.17%
    1.14%
Expected term
0.3 – 6.1 years
5 years
Volatility
    70%
    70%
Dividend yield
    0%
    0%
Estimated annual forfeiture rate at time of grant
    0% - 30%
    0%
 
Risk-Free Interest Rate The yield on actively traded non-inflation indexed U.S. Treasury notes with the same maturity as the expected term of the underlying grants was used as the average risk-free interest rate.
 
Expected Term – The expected term of options granted was determined based on management’s expectations of the options granted which are expected to remain outstanding.
 
Expected Volatility – Because the Company’s common stock has only been publicly traded since late August 2017, there is not a substantive share price history to calculate volatility and, as such, the Company has elected to use the calculated value method.
 
Dividend Yield – The Black-Scholes option pricing model requires an expected dividend yield as an input. The Company has not issued common stock dividends in the past nor does the Company expect to issue common stock dividends in the future.
 
Forfeiture Rate – This is the estimated percentage of equity grants that are expected to be forfeited or cancelled on an annual basis before becoming fully vested. The Company estimates the forfeiture rate based on past turnover data, level of employee receiving the equity grant, and vesting terms, and revises the rate if subsequent information indicates that the actual number of instruments that will vest is likely to differ from the estimate. The cumulative effect on current and prior periods of a change in the estimated number of awards likely to vest is recognized in compensation cost in the period of the change.
 
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
The carrying amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate fair value as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 because of the relatively short-term maturity of these financial instruments. The carrying amount reported for long-term debt approximates fair value as of December 31, 2017, given management’s evaluation of the instrument’s current rate compared to market rates of interest and other factors.
 
The determination of fair value is based upon the fair value framework established by Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (“ASC 820”). Fair value is defined as the exit price, or the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability and are developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect our assumptions about the factors market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability. The guidance establishes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:
 
Level 1 Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
 
Level 2 Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
 
Level 3 Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
 
 
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Assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurements. Changes in the observability of valuation inputs may result in a reclassification of levels for certain securities within the fair value hierarchy.
 
The Company determined that the value of the remaining balance of the note receivable at December 31, 2017 approximated its recorded value, and the Company sold the note in February 2018 for proceeds of $1,400,000. The Company’s goodwill and other intangible assets are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis using Level 3 inputs.
 
The Company has concluded that its Series A Preferred Stock is a Level 3 financial instrument and that the fair value approximates the carrying value due to the proximity of the date of the sale of the Series A Preferred Stock to independent third-parties. There were no changes in levels during the year ended December 31, 2017 and the Company did not have any financial instruments prior to 2016.
 
Concentrations of Credit Risk
 
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents, and accounts receivable. Concentrations of credit risk with respect to accounts receivable are minimal due to the collection history and due to the nature of the Company’s client base. The Company limits its credit risk with respect to cash by maintaining cash balances with high-quality financial institutions. At times, the Company’s cash may exceed U.S. Federally insured limits, and as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company had $1,707,212 and $2,538,587, respectively, of cash and cash equivalents on deposit that exceeded the federally insured limit.
 
Earnings per Share
 
Basic earnings per share, or EPS, is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is computed using the weighted average number of common and potentially dilutive securities outstanding during the period, except for periods of net loss for which no potentially dilutive securities are included because their effect would be anti-dilutive. Potentially dilutive securities consist of common stock issuable upon exercise of stock options or warrants using the treasury stock method. Potentially dilutive securities issuable upon conversion of the Series A Preferred Stock are calculated using the if-converted method.
 
The Company calculates basic and diluted earnings per common share using the two-class method. Under the two-class method, net earnings are allocated to each class of common stock and participating security as if all of the net earnings for the period had been distributed. Participating securities consist of preferred stock that contain a nonforfeitable right to receive dividends and therefore are considered to participate in undistributed earnings with common stockholders. The Company does not have any participating securities at this time.
 
On August 28, 2017, the Company effected a 1.9339-to-1 stock exchange related to its acquisition of Brekford Traffic Safety, Inc. The per share amounts have been updated to show the effect of the exchange on earnings per share as if the exchange occurred at the beginning of both years for the quarterly financial statements of the Company. The impact of the stock exchange is also shown on the Company’s Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity.
 
Foreign Currency Transactions
 
Brekford has certain revenue and expense transactions with a functional currency in Mexican pesos and the Company's reporting currency is the U.S. dollar. Assets and liabilities are translated from the functional currency to the reporting currency at the exchange rate in effect at the balance sheet date and equity at the historical exchange rates. Revenue and expenses are translated at rates in effect at the time of the transactions. Any resulting translation gains and losses are accumulated in a separate component of stockholders' equity other comprehensive income (loss). For the period of August 28, 2017 through December 31, 2017, there were no unrealized gains or losses. Realized foreign currency transaction gains and losses are credited or charged directly to operations.
 
Segment Reporting
 
The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) ASC Topic 280, Segment Reporting, requires that an enterprise report selected information about reportable segments in its financial reports issued to its stockholders. Based on its analysis of current operations, management has determined that the Company has only one operating segment, which is Novume. Management will continue to reevaluate its segment reporting as the Company grows and matures. However, the chief operating decision-makers currently use combined results to make operating and strategic decisions, and, therefore, the Company believes its entire operation is currently covered under a single reportable segment.